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would    音標拼音: [w'ʊd]
aux. will的過去式;愿,要;常常;大概;將要,會

will的過去式;願,要;常常;大概;將要,會

Weld \Weld\ (w[e^]ld), n. [OE. welde; akin to Scot. wald, Prov.
G. waude, G. wau, Dan. & Sw. vau, D. wouw.]
[1913 Webster]
1. (Bot.) An herb ({Reseda luteola}) related to mignonette,
growing in Europe, and to some extent in America; dyer's
broom; dyer's rocket; dyer's weed; wild woad. It is used
by dyers to give a yellow color. [Written also {woald},
{wold}, and {would}.]
[1913 Webster]

2. Coloring matter or dye extracted from this plant.
[1913 Webster]


Will \Will\, v. t. & auxiliary. [imp. {Would}. Indic. present, I
will (Obs. I wol), thou wilt, he will (Obs. he wol); we, ye,
they will.] [OE. willen, imp. wolde; akin to OS. willan,
OFries. willa, D. willen, G. wollen, OHG. wollan, wellan,
Icel. & Sw. vilja, Dan. ville, Goth. wiljan, OSlav. voliti,
L. velle to wish, volo I wish; cf. Skr. v[.r] to choose, to
prefer. Cf. {Voluntary}, {Welcome}, {Well}, adv.]
[1913 Webster]
1. To wish; to desire; to incline to have.
[1913 Webster]

A wife as of herself no thing ne sholde [should]
Wille in effect, but as her husband wolde [would].
--Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Caleb said unto her, What will thou ? --Judg. i. 14.
[1913 Webster]

They would none of my counsel. --Prov. i. 30.
[1913 Webster]

2. As an auxiliary, will is used to denote futurity dependent
on the verb. Thus, in first person, "I will" denotes
willingness, consent, promise; and when "will" is
emphasized, it denotes determination or fixed purpose; as,
I will go if you wish; I will go at all hazards. In the
second and third persons, the idea of distinct volition,
wish, or purpose is evanescent, and simple certainty is
appropriately expressed; as, "You will go," or "He will
go," describes a future event as a fact only. To emphasize
will denotes (according to the tone or context) certain
futurity or fixed determination.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Will, auxiliary, may be used elliptically for will go.
"I'll to her lodgings." --Marlowe.
[1913 Webster]

Note: As in shall (which see), the second and third persons
may be virtually converted into the first, either by
question or indirect statement, so as to receive the
meaning which belongs to will in that person; thus,
"Will you go?" (answer, "I will go") asks assent,
requests, etc.; while "Will he go?" simply inquires
concerning futurity; thus, also,"He says or thinks he
will go," "You say or think you will go," both signify
willingness or consent.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Would, as the preterit of will, is chiefly employed in
conditional, subjunctive, or optative senses; as, he
would go if he could; he could go if he would; he said
that he would go; I would fain go, but can not; I would
that I were young again; and other like phrases. In the
last use, the first personal pronoun is often omitted;
as, would that he were here; would to Heaven that it
were so; and, omitting the to in such an adjuration.
"Would God I had died for thee." Would is used for both
present and future time, in conditional propositions,
and would have for past time; as, he would go now if he
were ready; if it should rain, he would not go; he
would have gone, had he been able. Would not, as also
will not, signifies refusal. "He was angry, and would
not go in." --Luke xv. 28. Would is never a past
participle.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In Ireland, Scotland, and the United States, especially
in the southern and western portions of the United
States, shall and will, should and would, are often
misused, as in the following examples:
[1913 Webster]

I am able to devote as much time and attention to
other subjects as I will [shall] be under the
necessity of doing next winter. --Chalmers.
[1913 Webster]

A countryman, telling us what he had seen,
remarked that if the conflagration went on, as it
was doing, we would [should] have, as our next
season's employment, the Old Town of Edinburgh to
rebuild. --H. Miller.
[1913 Webster]

I feel assured that I will [shall] not have the
misfortune to find conflicting views held by one
so enlightened as your excellency. --J. Y. Mason.
[1913 Webster]
[1913 Webster]


Would \Would\, imp. of {Will}. [OE. & AS. wolde. See {Will}, v.
t.]
Commonly used as an auxiliary verb, either in the past tense
or in the conditional or optative present. See 2d & 3d
{Will}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Would was formerly used also as the past participle of
{Will}.
[1913 Webster]

Right as our Lord hath would. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]


Would \Would\, n.
See 2d {Weld}.
[1913 Webster]

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