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wheel    音標拼音: [w'il] [hw'il]
n. 輪子,車輪,輪,旋轉,周期,機構,重要人物
vt. 旋轉,裝以車輪,轉動

輪子,車輪,輪,旋轉,周期,機構,重要人物旋轉,裝以車輪,轉動

wheel
特權用戶

wheel


wheel
n 1: a simple machine consisting of a circular frame with spokes
(or a solid disc) that can rotate on a shaft or axle (as in
vehicles or other machines)
2: a handwheel that is used for steering [synonym: {steering wheel},
{wheel}]
3: forces that provide energy and direction; "the wheels of
government began to turn"
4: a circular helm to control the rudder of a vessel
5: game equipment consisting of a wheel with slots that is used
for gambling; the wheel rotates horizontally and players bet
on which slot the roulette ball will stop in [synonym: {roulette
wheel}, {wheel}]
6: an instrument of torture that stretches or disjoints or
mutilates victims [synonym: {rack}, {wheel}]
7: a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot
pedals [synonym: {bicycle}, {bike}, {wheel}, {cycle}]
v 1: change directions as if revolving on a pivot; "They wheeled
their horses around and left" [synonym: {wheel}, {wheel
around}]
2: wheel somebody or something [synonym: {wheel}, {wheel around}]
3: move along on or as if on wheels or a wheeled vehicle; "The
President's convoy rolled past the crowds" [synonym: {wheel},
{roll}]
4: ride a bicycle [synonym: {bicycle}, {cycle}, {bike}, {pedal},
{wheel}]

Wheel \Wheel\ (hw[=e]l), n. [OE. wheel, hweol, AS. hwe['o]l,
hweogul, hweowol; akin to D. wiel, Icel. hv[=e]l, Gr.
ky`klos, Skr. cakra; cf. Icel. hj[=o]l, Dan. hiul, Sw. hjul.
[root]218. Cf. {Cycle}, {Cyclopedia}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. A circular frame turning about an axis; a rotating disk,
whether solid, or a frame composed of an outer rim, spokes
or radii, and a central hub or nave, in which is inserted
the axle, -- used for supporting and conveying vehicles,
in machinery, and for various purposes; as, the wheel of a
wagon, of a locomotive, of a mill, of a watch, etc.
[1913 Webster]

The gasping charioteer beneath the wheel
Of his own car. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. Any instrument having the form of, or chiefly consisting
of, a wheel. Specifically:
[1913 Webster]
(a) A spinning wheel. See under {Spinning}.
[1913 Webster]
(b) An instrument of torture formerly used.
[1913 Webster]

His examination is like that which is made by
the rack and wheel. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]

Note: This mode of torture is said to have been first
employed in Germany, in the fourteenth century. The
criminal was laid on a cart wheel with his legs and
arms extended, and his limbs in that posture were
fractured with an iron bar. In France, where its use
was restricted to the most atrocious crimes, the
criminal was first laid on a frame of wood in the form
of a St. Andrew's cross, with grooves cut transversely
in it above and below the knees and elbows, and the
executioner struck eight blows with an iron bar, so as
to break the limbs in those places, sometimes finishing
by two or three blows on the chest or stomach, which
usually put an end to the life of the criminal, and
were hence called coups-de-grace -- blows of mercy. The
criminal was then unbound, and laid on a small wheel,
with his face upward, and his arms and legs doubled
under him, there to expire, if he had survived the
previous treatment. --Brande.
[1913 Webster]
(c) (Naut.) A circular frame having handles on the
periphery, and an axle which is so connected with the
tiller as to form a means of controlling the rudder
for the purpose of steering.
[1913 Webster]
(d) (Pottery) A potter's wheel. See under {Potter}.
[1913 Webster]

Then I went down to the potter's house, and,
behold, he wrought a work on the wheels. --Jer.
xviii. 3.
[1913 Webster]

Turn, turn, my wheel! This earthen jar
A touch can make, a touch can mar. --Longfellow.
[1913 Webster]
(e) (Pyrotechny) A firework which, while burning, is
caused to revolve on an axis by the reaction of the
escaping gases.
[1913 Webster]
(f) (Poetry) The burden or refrain of a song.
[1913 Webster]

Note: "This meaning has a low degree of authority, but is
supposed from the context in the few cases where the
word is found." --Nares.
[1913 Webster]

You must sing a-down a-down,
An you call him a-down-a.
O, how the wheel becomes it! --Shak.
[1913 Webster]
[1913 Webster]

3. A bicycle or a tricycle; a velocipede.
[1913 Webster]

4. A rolling or revolving body; anything of a circular form;
a disk; an orb. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

5. A turn revolution; rotation; compass.
[1913 Webster]

According to the common vicissitude and wheel of
things, the proud and the insolent, after long
trampling upon others, come at length to be trampled
upon themselves. --South.
[1913 Webster]

[He] throws his steep flight in many an aery wheel.
--Milton.
[1913 Webster]

{A wheel within a wheel}, or {Wheels within wheels}, a
complication of circumstances, motives, etc.

{Balance wheel}. See in the Vocab.

{Bevel wheel}, {Brake wheel}, {Cam wheel}, {Fifth wheel},
{Overshot wheel}, {Spinning wheel}, etc. See under {Bevel},
{Brake}, etc.

{Core wheel}. (Mach.)
(a) A mortise gear.
(b) A wheel having a rim perforated to receive wooden
cogs; the skeleton of a mortise gear.

{Measuring wheel}, an odometer, or perambulator.

{Wheel and axle} (Mech.), one of the elementary machines or
mechanical powers, consisting of a wheel fixed to an axle,
and used for raising great weights, by applying the power
to the circumference of the wheel, and attaching the
weight, by a rope or chain, to that of the axle. Called
also {axis in peritrochio}, and {perpetual lever}, -- the
principle of equilibrium involved being the same as in the
lever, while its action is continuous. See {Mechanical
powers}, under {Mechanical}.

{Wheel animal}, or {Wheel animalcule} (Zool.), any one of
numerous species of rotifers having a ciliated disk at the
anterior end.

{Wheel barometer}. (Physics) See under {Barometer}.

{Wheel boat}, a boat with wheels, to be used either on water
or upon inclined planes or railways.

{Wheel bug} (Zool.), a large North American hemipterous
insect ({Prionidus cristatus}) which sucks the blood of
other insects. So named from the curious shape of the
prothorax.

{Wheel carriage}, a carriage moving on wheels.

{Wheel chains}, or {Wheel ropes} (Naut.), the chains or ropes
connecting the wheel and rudder.

{Wheel cutter}, a machine for shaping the cogs of gear
wheels; a gear cutter.

{Wheel horse}, one of the horses nearest to the wheels, as
opposed to a leader, or forward horse; -- called also
{wheeler}.

{Wheel lathe}, a lathe for turning railway-car wheels.

{Wheel lock}.
(a) A letter lock. See under {Letter}.
(b) A kind of gunlock in which sparks were struck from a
flint, or piece of iron pyrites, by a revolving wheel.
(c) A kind of brake a carriage.

{Wheel ore} (Min.), a variety of bournonite so named from the
shape of its twin crystals. See {Bournonite}.

{Wheel pit} (Steam Engine), a pit in the ground, in which the
lower part of the fly wheel runs.

{Wheel plow}, or {Wheel plough}, a plow having one or two
wheels attached, to render it more steady, and to regulate
the depth of the furrow.

{Wheel press}, a press by which railway-car wheels are forced
on, or off, their axles.

{Wheel race}, the place in which a water wheel is set.

{Wheel rope} (Naut.), a tiller rope. See under {Tiller}.

{Wheel stitch} (Needlework), a stitch resembling a spider's
web, worked into the material, and not over an open space.
--Caulfeild & S. (Dict. of Needlework).

{Wheel tree} (Bot.), a tree ({Aspidosperma excelsum}) of
Guiana, which has a trunk so curiously fluted that a
transverse section resembles the hub and spokes of a
coarsely made wheel. See {Paddlewood}.

{Wheel urchin} (Zool.), any sea urchin of the genus {Rotula}
having a round, flat shell.

{Wheel window} (Arch.), a circular window having radiating
mullions arranged like the spokes of a wheel. Cf. {Rose
window}, under {Rose}.
[1913 Webster]


Wheel \Wheel\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Wheeled}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Wheeling}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. To convey on wheels, or in a wheeled vehicle; as, to wheel
a load of hay or wood.
[1913 Webster]

2. To put into a rotatory motion; to cause to turn or
revolve; to cause to gyrate; to make or perform in a
circle. "The beetle wheels her droning flight." --Gray.
[1913 Webster]

Now heaven, in all her glory, shone, and rolled
Her motions, as the great first mover's hand
First wheeled their course. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]


Wheel \Wheel\, v. i.
[1913 Webster]
1. To turn on an axis, or as on an axis; to revolve; to more
about; to rotate; to gyrate.
[1913 Webster]

The moon carried about the earth always shows the
same
face to us, not once wheeling upon her own center.
--Bentley.
[1913 Webster]

2. To change direction, as if revolving upon an axis or
pivot; to turn; as, the troops wheeled to the right.
[1913 Webster]

Being able to advance no further, they are in a fair
way to
wheel about to the other extreme. --South.
[1913 Webster]

3. To go round in a circuit; to fetch a compass.
[1913 Webster]

Then wheeling down the steep of heaven he flies.
--Pope.
[1913 Webster]

4. To roll forward.
[1913 Webster]

Thunder mixed with hail,
Hail mixed with fire, must rend the Egyptian sky,
And wheel on the earth, devouring where it rolls.
--Milton.
[1913 Webster]

270 Moby Thesaurus words for "wheel":
BMOC, Charybdis, Ferris wheel, O, Procrustean bed, airscrew,
alternate, annular muscle, annulus, areola, arsis, association,
aureole, auto, avert, balance wheel, be here again, beat,
bed of Procrustes, bevel gear, bicycle, big cheese, big noise,
big shot, big wheel, big-time operator, big-timer, bike, boot,
bout, buffing wheel, bus, carousel, cartwheel, caster,
catch a train, centrifugate, centrifuge, chaplet, charioteer,
chauffeur, chopper, circle, circuit, circuiteer, circular saw,
circulate, circulation, circumambulate, circumference,
circummigrate, circumnavigate, circumrotate, circumvent,
circumvolute, circumvolution, circus, close the circle,
closed circle, cog, cogwheel, come about, come again, come and go,
come around, come full circle, come round, come round again,
come up again, compass, conference, contrate wheel, corona,
coronet, course, crank, crown, crown wheel, cycle, cycloidal gear,
deflect, describe a circle, diadem, diastole, discus, disk, divert,
dizzy round, do a flip-flop, do an about-face, downbeat, drive,
drive wheel, driver, eddy, encircle, encompass, entrain,
escape wheel, eternal return, fairy ring, fan, fetch about, flank,
flywheel, garland, gear, gearwheel, girdle, girdle the globe,
glory, go about, go around, go by rail, go round, go the round,
gurge, gyrate, gyration, gyre, gyrowheel, halo,
have second thoughts, heel, helm, high-muck-a-muck, his nibs,
idler wheel, impeller, intermit, iron, iron heel, joyride,
kick wheel, lap, lasso, logical circle, loop, looplet, maelstrom,
magic circle, make a circuit, make a train, merry-go-round,
mill wheel, minibike, motocycle, motor, motorbike, motorcycle,
noose, orbit, oscillate, paddle wheel, pedal, pedal wheel, pedicab,
pig, pilot, pinion, pinwheel, pirouette, piston, pivot,
pivot about, power wheel, prayer wheel, prop, propellant,
propeller, propulsor, pulley, pulsate, pulse, put about, rack,
radius, rat race, reappear, recur, reel, reins,
reins of government, reoccur, repeat, return, revolution, revolve,
ride, ring, road-bike, roll around, roller, rolling stone,
rondelle, rotate, rotation, rotator, rotor, roulette wheel, round,
roundabout, roundel, rudder, rundle, saucer, scarpines, screw,
screw propeller, series, sheer, skirt, spell, sphincter, spin,
spiral, stagger, steering wheel, surge, surround, swing,
swing round, swirl, swivel, systole, take a joyride, taxi,
tergiversate, thesis, thumbscrew, tiller, tool, top, totter,
trail bike, tricycle, trike, truck, truckle, turbine, turn,
turn a pirouette, turn about, turn around, turn round, turn tail,
twin screws, twirl, twist, undulate, upbeat, veer, veer around,
vicious circle, volte-face, vortex, wamble, water wheel,
wheel about, wheel around, wheel of fortune, whip, whirl,
whirlabout, whirler, whirligig, whirlpool, whirlwind, wind,
wreath

[slang "big wheel" for a powerful person] A person who has an
active {wheel bit}. "We need to find a wheel to unwedge the
hung tape drives." (See {wedged}).

[{Jargon File}]

wheel: n. [from slangbig wheelfor a powerful person] A person
who has an active wheel bit. “We need to find
a wheel to unwedge the hung tape drives.” (See
wedged, sense 1.) The traditional name of security
group zero in BSD (to which the major
system-internal users like root belong) is
wheel’. Some vendors have expanded on this usage, modifying
Unix so that only members of groupwheelcan
go root.



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