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vice    音標拼音: [v'ɑɪs]
adj. 副

惡習,惡行,罪惡,墮落,缺點,缺陷,惡癖,老虎鉗鉗住代替

vice
n 1: moral weakness [synonym: {frailty}, {vice}]
2: a specific form of evildoing; "vice offends the moral
standards of the community"

Vice \Vice\, n. [See {Vise}.]
1. (Mech.) A kind of instrument for holding work, as in
filing. Same as {Vise}.
[1913 Webster]

2. A tool for drawing lead into cames, or flat grooved rods,
for casements. [Written also {vise}.]
[1913 Webster]

3. A gripe or grasp. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]


Vice \Vice\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Viced}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Vicing}.]
To hold or squeeze with a vice, or as if with a vice. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

The coachman's hand was viced between his upper and
lower thigh. --De Quincey.
[1913 Webster]


Vice \Vi"ce\, prep. [L., abl. of vicis change, turn. See
{Vicarious}.]
In the place of; in the stead; as, A. B. was appointed
postmaster vice C. D. resigned.
[1913 Webster]


Vice \Vice\ (v[imac]s), n. [F., from L. vitium.]
1. A defect; a fault; an error; a blemish; an imperfection;
as, the vices of a political constitution; the vices of a
horse.
[1913 Webster]

Withouten vice of syllable or letter. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Mark the vice of the procedure. --Sir W.
Hamilton.
[1913 Webster]

2. A moral fault or failing; especially, immoral conduct or
habit, as in the indulgence of degrading appetites;
customary deviation in a single respect, or in general,
from a right standard, implying a defect of natural
character, or the result of training and habits; a harmful
custom; immorality; depravity; wickedness; as, a life of
vice; the vice of intemperance.
[1913 Webster]

I do confess the vices of my blood. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Ungoverned appetite . . . a brutish vice. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

When vice prevails, and impious men bear sway,
The post of honor is a private station. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]

3. The buffoon of the old English moralities, or moral
dramas, having the name sometimes of one vice, sometimes
of another, or of Vice itself; -- called also {Iniquity}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: This character was grotesquely dressed in a cap with
ass's ears, and was armed with a dagger of lath: one of
his chief employments was to make sport with the Devil,
leaping on his back, and belaboring him with the dagger
of lath till he made him roar. The Devil, however,
always carried him off in the end. --Nares.
[1913 Webster]

How like you the Vice in the play?
. . . I would not give a rush for a Vice that has
not a wooden dagger to snap at everybody. --B.
Jonson.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Crime; sin; iniquity; fault. See {Crime}.
[1913 Webster]


Vice \Vice\, a. [Cf. F. vice-. See {Vice}, prep.]
Denoting one who in certain cases may assume the office or
duties of a superior; designating an officer or an office
that is second in rank or authority; as, vice president; vice
agent; vice consul, etc.
[1913 Webster]

{Vice admiral}. [Cf. F. vice-amiral.]
(a) An officer holding rank next below an admiral. By the
existing laws, the rank of admiral and vice admiral in
the United States Navy will cease at the death of the
present incumbents.
(b) A civil officer, in Great Britain, appointed by the lords
commissioners of the admiralty for exercising admiralty
jurisdiction within their respective districts.

{Vice admiralty}, the office of a vice admiral.

{Vice-admiralty court}, a court with admiralty jurisdiction,
established by authority of Parliament in British
possessions beyond the seas. --Abbott.

{Vice chamberlain}, an officer in court next in rank to the
lord chamberlain. [Eng.]

{Vice chancellor}.
(a) (Law) An officer next in rank to a chancellor.
(b) An officer in a university, chosen to perform certain
duties, as the conferring of degrees, in the absence of
the chancellor.
(c) (R. C. Ch.) The cardinal at the head of the Roman
Chancery.

{Vice consul} [cf. F. vice-consul], a subordinate officer,
authorized to exercise consular functions in some
particular part of a district controlled by a consul.

{Vice king}, one who acts in the place of a king; a viceroy.


{Vice legate} [cf. F. vice-l['e]gat], a legate second in rank
to, or acting in place of, another legate.

{Vice presidency}, the office of vice president.

{Vice president} [cf. F. vice-pr['e]sident], an officer next
in rank below a president.
[1913 Webster]


Vise \Vise\, n. [F. vis a screw, winding stairs, OF. vis, viz,
fr. L. vitis a vine; probably akin to E. withy.]
An instrument consisting of two jaws, closing by a screw,
lever, cam, or the like, for holding work, as in filing.
[Written also {vice}.]
[1913 Webster]

126 Moby Thesaurus words for "vice":
advocate, alter ego, alternate, amicus curiae, as proxy for,
as representing, attorney, backup, backup man, bad habit, badness,
besetting sin, blemish, champion, corruption, crime,
criminal tendency, criminality, criminosis, debasement, debauchery,
decay, defect, deficiency, degeneracy, degradation, depravity,
deputy, discourtesy, disorder, disorderliness, disorderly conduct,
disruption, disruptiveness, dummy, evil, evil courses, evildoing,
executive officer, exponent, failing, failure, fault,
feloniousness, figurehead, flaw, foible, for, frailty,
frowned-upon behavior, hooliganism, horseplay, ill, immorality,
imperfection, impropriety, in behalf of, in lieu of, in place of,
in preference to, indecency, infirmity, iniquity, lawbreaking,
licentiousness, lieutenant, locum, locum tenens, malfeasance,
malpractice, malversation, misbehavior, misconduct, misdemeanor,
misdoing, misfeasance, misprision, misprision of treason,
moral flaw, naughtiness, nonsanctioned behavior, on behalf of,
paranymph, perversion, pinch hitter, pleader, positive misprision,
procurator, profligacy, proxy, replacing, representative, rot,
roughhouse, rowdiness, rowdyism, ruffianism, second in command,
secondary, shortcoming, sin, sinfulness, squalor, stand-in,
substitute, surrogate, thou scarlet sin, transgression, unchastity,
understudy, utility man, vandalism, venality, venial sin, vicar,
vicar general, vicegerent, viciousness, villainy, weak point,
weak side, weakness, wickedness, wrong, wrong conduct,
wrongdoing



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