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vegetable    音標拼音: [v'ɛdʒtəbəl]
n. 蔬菜,植物,無精打采之人
a. 蔬菜的,植物的

蔬菜,植物,無精打采之人蔬菜的,植物的

vegetable
n 1: edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers
or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant
[synonym: {vegetable}, {veggie}, {veg}]
2: any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible
part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of
spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of
broccoli or cauliflower

Vegetable \Veg`e*ta*ble\, a. [F. v['e]g['e]table growing,
capable of growing, formerly also, as a noun, a vegetable,
from L. vegetabilis enlivening, from vegetare to enliven,
invigorate, quicken, vegetus enlivened, vigorous, active,
vegere to quicken, arouse, to be lively, akin to vigere to be
lively, to thrive, vigil watchful, awake, and probably to E.
wake, v. See {Vigil}, {Wake}, v.]
[1913 Webster]
1. Of or pertaining to plants; having the nature of, or
produced by, plants; as, a vegetable nature; vegetable
growths, juices, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Blooming ambrosial fruit
Of vegetable gold. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. Consisting of, or comprising, plants; as, the vegetable
kingdom.
[1913 Webster]

{Vegetable alkali} (Chem.), an alkaloid.

{Vegetable brimstone}. (Bot.) See {Vegetable sulphur}, below.


{Vegetable butter} (Bot.), a name of several kinds of
concrete vegetable oil; as that produced by the Indian
butter tree, the African shea tree, and the {Pentadesma
butyracea}, a tree of the order {Guttiferae}, also
African. Still another kind is pressed from the seeds of
cocoa ({Theobroma}).

{Vegetable flannel}, a textile material, manufactured in
Germany from pine-needle wool, a down or fiber obtained
from the leaves of the {Pinus sylvestris}.

{Vegetable ivory}. See {Ivory nut}, under {Ivory}.

{Vegetable jelly}. See {Pectin}.

{Vegetable kingdom}. (Nat. Hist.) See the last Phrase, below.


{Vegetable leather}.
(a) (Bot.) A shrubby West Indian spurge ({Euphorbia
punicea}), with leathery foliage and crimson bracts.
(b) See {Vegetable leather}, under {Leather}.

{Vegetable marrow} (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly
eight to ten inches long. It is noted for the very tender
quality of its flesh, and is a favorite culinary vegetable
in England. It has been said to be of Persian origin, but
is now thought to have been derived from a form of the
American pumpkin.

{Vegetable oyster} (Bot.), the oyster plant. See under
{Oyster}.

{Vegetable parchment}, papyrine.

{Vegetable sheep} (Bot.), a white woolly plant ({Raoulia
eximia}) of New Zealand, which grows in the form of large
fleecy cushions on the mountains.

{Vegetable silk}, a cottonlike, fibrous material obtained
from the coating of the seeds of a Brazilian tree
({Chorisia speciosa}). It is used for various purposes, as
for stuffing cushions, and the like, but is incapable of
being spun on account of a want of cohesion among the
fibers.

{Vegetable sponge}. See 1st {Loof}.

{Vegetable sulphur}, the fine and highly inflammable spores
of the club moss ({Lycopodium clavatum}); witch meal.

{Vegetable tallow}, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
from various plants; as, {Chinese vegetable tallow},
obtained from the seeds of the tallow tree. {Indian
vegetable tallow} is a name sometimes given to piney
tallow.

{Vegetable wax}, a waxy excretion on the leaves or fruits of
certain plants, as the bayberry.
[1913 Webster]
[1913 Webster]

{Vegetable kingdom} (Nat. Hist.), that primary division of
living things which includes all plants. The classes of
the vegetable kingdom have been grouped differently by
various botanists. The following is one of the best of the
many arrangements of the principal subdivisions.
[1913 Webster] I. {Phaenogamia} (called also
{Phanerogamia}). Plants having distinct flowers and true
seeds. [ 1. {Dicotyledons} (called also {Exogens}). --
Seeds with two or more cotyledons. Stems with the pith,
woody fiber, and bark concentrically arranged. Divided
into two subclasses: {Angiosperms}, having the woody fiber
interspersed with dotted or annular ducts, and the seeds
contained in a true ovary; {Gymnosperms}, having few or no
ducts in the woody fiber, and the seeds naked. 2.
{Monocotyledons} (called also {Endogens}). -- Seeds with
single cotyledon. Stems with slender bundles of woody
fiber not concentrically arranged, and with no true bark.]
[1913 Webster] II. {Cryptogamia}. Plants without true
flowers, and reproduced by minute spores of various kinds,
or by simple cell division. [ 1. {Acrogens}. -- Plants
usually with distinct stems and leaves, existing in two
alternate conditions, one of which is nonsexual and
sporophoric, the other sexual and oophoric. Divided into
{Vascular Acrogens}, or {Pteridophyta}, having the
sporophoric plant conspicuous and consisting partly of
vascular tissue, as in Ferns, Lycopods, and Equiseta, and
{Cellular Acrogens}, or {Bryophyta}, having the sexual
plant most conspicuous, but destitute of vascular tissue,
as in Mosses and Scale Mosses. 2. {Thallogens}. -- Plants
without distinct stem and leaves, consisting of a simple
or branched mass of cellular tissue, or reduced to a
single cell. Reproduction effected variously. Divided into
{Algae}, which contain chlorophyll or its equivalent, and
which live upon air and water, and {Fungi}, which contain
no chlorophyll, and live on organic matter. (Lichens are
now believed to be fungi parasitic on included algae.]
[1913 Webster]

Note: Many botanists divide the Phaenogamia primarily into
Gymnosperms and Angiosperms, and the latter into
Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons. Others consider
Pteridophyta and Bryophyta to be separate classes.
Thallogens are variously divided by different writers,
and the places for diatoms, slime molds, and stoneworts
are altogether uncertain.
[1913 Webster] For definitions, see these names in the
Vocabulary.
[1913 Webster]


Vegetable \Veg"e*ta*ble\, n.
1. (Biol.) A plant. See {Plant}.
[1913 Webster]

2. A plant used or cultivated for food for man or domestic
animals, as the cabbage, turnip, potato, bean, dandelion,
etc.; also, the edible part of such a plant, as prepared
for market or the table.
[1913 Webster]

3. A person who has permanently lost consciousness, due to
damage to the brain, but remains alive; sometimes
continued life requires support by machinery such as
breathing tubes. Such a person is said to be in a
vegetative state.
[PJC]

Note: Vegetables and fruits are sometimes loosely
distinguished by the usual need of cooking the former
for the use of man, while the latter may be eaten raw;
but the distinction often fails, as in the case of
quinces, barberries, and other fruits, and lettuce,
celery, and other vegetables. Tomatoes if cooked are
vegetables, if eaten raw are fruits.
[1913 Webster]

214 Moby Thesaurus words for "vegetable":
Boston lettuce, Chinese cabbage, French bean, Irish potato, Kraut,
Swiss chard, amphibian, angiosperm, annual, apathetic,
aquatic plant, asparagus, aubergine, bean, bean sprout, beans,
beet, beet greens, beetroot, bell pepper, benumbed, biennial,
blase, bored, botanic, broccoli, bulbous, butter bean, cabbage,
carrot, cauliflower, celery, celery cabbage, celery root, celtuce,
cereal, chard, chick-pea, chicory, collards, contemplative, corn,
cosmopolite, cress, cucumber, cutting, dead, debilitated,
deciduous plant, dicot, dicotyledon, do-nothing, dopey, dormant,
droopy, drugged, dull, eggplant, enervated, ephemeral, evergreen,
exanimate, exotic, farinaceous, flowering plant, fruitlike, fruity,
fungus, gametophyte, garlic, green bean, green onion, green pea,
green pepper, greens, gumbo, gymnosperm, heavy, hebetudinous,
herbaceous, herbal, herbose, herbous, herby, hominy, horseradish,
hydrophyte, idle, immobile, inactive, inanimate, inert, jaded,
kale, kidney beans, kohlrabi, lackadaisical, laissez-aller,
laissez-faire, languid, languorous, leaden, leek, legumes,
leguminose, leguminous, lentil, lethargic, lettuce, lifeless,
listless, love apple, lumpish, mad apple, maize, meditative,
monocot, monocotyl, moribund, motionless, mushroom, navy bean,
neuter, neutral, numb, onion, oyster plant, paralytic, paralyzed,
parsley, parsnip, passive, pea, pepper, perennial, phlegmatic,
pieplant, pimento, pinto bean, plant, plantlike, polycot,
polycotyl, polycotyledon, pooped, popcorn, potato, potherbs,
procrastinating, produce, pumpkin, quiescent, quietist, quietistic,
radicated, radiciform, radicular, radish, red cabbage, red pepper,
rhizoid, rhubarb, rootlike, sated, scallion, seed plant, seedling,
shallot, sleepy, slow, sluggish, somnolent, sorrel, soy, soya,
spermatophyte, spinach, sporophyte, spud, squash, stagnant,
stagnating, standpat, static, stationary, stultified, succory,
sugar beet, supine, swede, sweet potato, taro, tater, thallophyte,
tomato, torpid, triennial, truffle, tuberous, turnip,
vascular plant, vegetables, vegetal, vegetarian, vegetational,
vegetative, wan, water chestnut, weary, weed, weedy, white potato,
world-weary, yam

Gemse (n)
Pflanze (f)


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