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understanding    音標拼音: [,ʌndɚst'ændɪŋ]
n. U理解,領會;C諒解,協議
a. 了解的,通情達理的

U理解,領會;C諒解,協議瞭解的,通情達理的

understanding
理解

understanding
adj 1: characterized by understanding based on comprehension and
discernment and empathy; "an understanding friend"
n 1: the cognitive condition of someone who understands; "he has
virtually no understanding of social cause and effect"
[synonym: {understanding}, {apprehension}, {discernment},
{savvy}]
2: the statement (oral or written) of an exchange of promises;
"they had an agreement that they would not interfere in each
other's business"; "there was an understanding between
management and the workers" [synonym: {agreement},
{understanding}]
3: an inclination to support or be loyal to or to agree with an
opinion; "his sympathies were always with the underdog"; "I
knew I could count on his understanding" [synonym: {sympathy},
{understanding}]
4: the capacity for rational thought or inference or
discrimination; "we are told that man is endowed with reason
and capable of distinguishing good from evil" [synonym: {reason},
{understanding}, {intellect}]

Understand \Un`der*stand"\ ([u^]n`d[~e]r*st[a^]nd"), v. t. [imp.
& p. p. {Understood} ([u^]n`d[~e]r*st[oo^]d"), and Archaic
{Understanded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Understanding}.] [OE.
understanden, AS. understandan, literally, to stand under;
cf. AS. forstandan to understand, G. verstehen. The
development of sense is not clear. See {Under}, and {Stand}.]
1. To have just and adequate ideas of; to apprehended the
meaning or intention of; to have knowledge of; to
comprehend; to know; as, to understand a problem in
Euclid; to understand a proposition or a declaration; the
court understands the advocate or his argument; to
understand the sacred oracles; to understand a nod or a
wink.
[1913 Webster]

Speaketh [i. e., speak thou] so plain at this time,
I you pray,
That we may understande what ye say. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

I understand not what you mean by this. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Understood not all was but a show. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

A tongue not understanded of the people. --Bk. of
Com. Prayer.
[1913 Webster]

2. To be apprised, or have information, of; to learn; to be
informed of; to hear; as, I understand that Congress has
passed the bill.
[1913 Webster]

3. To recognize or hold as being or signifying; to suppose to
mean; to interpret; to explain.
[1913 Webster]

The most learned interpreters understood the words
of sin, and not of Abel. --Locke.
[1913 Webster]

4. To mean without expressing; to imply tacitly; to take for
granted; to assume.
[1913 Webster]

War, then, war,
Open or understood, must be resolved. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

5. To stand under; to support. [Jocose & R.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

{To give one to understand}, to cause one to know.

{To make one's self understood}, to make one's meaning clear.
[1913 Webster]


Understanding \Un`der*stand"ing\ ([u^]n`d[~e]r*st[a^]nd"[i^]ng),
a.
Knowing; intelligent; skillful; as, he is an understanding
man.
[1913 Webster]


Understanding \Un`der*stand"ing\, n.
1. The act of one who understands a thing, in any sense of
the verb; knowledge; discernment; comprehension;
interpretation; explanation.
[1913 Webster]

2. An agreement of opinion or feeling; adjustment of
differences; harmony; anything mutually understood or
agreed upon; as, to come to an understanding with another.
[1913 Webster]

He hoped the loyalty of his subjects would concur
with him in the preserving of a good understanding
between him and his people. --Clarendon.
[1913 Webster]

3. The power to understand; the intellectual faculty; the
intelligence; the rational powers collectively conceived
an designated; the higher capacities of the intellect; the
power to distinguish truth from falsehood, and to adapt
means to ends.
[1913 Webster]

But there is a spirit in man; and the inspiration of
the Almighty giveth them understanding. --Job xxxii.
8.
[1913 Webster]

The power of perception is that which we call the
understanding. Perception, which we make the act of
the understanding, is of three sorts: 1. The
perception of ideas in our mind; 2. The perception
of the signification of signs; 3. The perception of
the connection or repugnancy, agreement or
disagreement, that there is between any of our
ideas. All these are attributed to the
understanding, or perceptive power, though it be the
two latter only that use allows us to say we
understand. --Locke.
[1913 Webster]

In its wider acceptation, understanding is the
entire power of perceiving an conceiving, exclusive
of the sensibility: the power of dealing with the
impressions of sense, and composing them into
wholes, according to a law of unity; and in its most
comprehensive meaning it includes even simple
apprehension. --Coleridge.
[1913 Webster]

4. Specifically, the discursive faculty; the faculty of
knowing by the medium or use of general conceptions or
relations. In this sense it is contrasted with, and
distinguished from, the reason.
[1913 Webster]

I use the term understanding, not for the noetic
faculty, intellect proper, or place of principles,
but for the dianoetic or discursive faculty in its
widest signification, for the faculty of relations
or comparisons; and thus in the meaning in which
"verstand" is now employed by the Germans. --Sir W.
Hamilton.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Sense; intelligence; perception. See {Sense}.
[1913 Webster]

352 Moby Thesaurus words for "understanding":
IQ, Spartan, Vernunft, abatement of differences, acceptation,
accepting, acclamation, accommodation, accord, accordance,
accordant, acute, adjustment, affinity, agape, agreeable, agreeing,
agreement, agreement of all, akin, all-knowing, alliance, amicable,
amity, apperception, apperceptive, appercipient, apprehending,
apprehension, apprehensive, argute, armed with patience, armistice,
arrangement, astute, at one, attuned, aware, awareness, bargain,
binding agreement, bleeding, bond, bonds of harmony, brain, brains,
bright, brotherly love, caliber, capacity, caritas, cartel,
cement of friendship, charitable, charity, chorus, clairvoyance,
clement, cogent, cognizant, collective agreement, command,
commiserative, commitment, common assent, common consent,
communion, community, community of interests, compact,
compassionate, compatibility, compatible, composition,
comprehending, comprehension, compromise, conception, conceptive,
conceptual, conceptualization, concert, concession, concord,
concordance, concordant, concordat, concurrence, condolent,
congenial, congeniality, conscious, consensus, consensus gentium,
consensus of opinion, consensus omnium, consent, consentaneity,
consortium, contract, convention, cop-out, cordial understanding,
correspondence, corresponding, covenant, covenant of salt, deal,
deductive power, desertion of principle, dicker, discerning,
discernment, disciplined, discourse of reason, discrimination,
discursive, discursive reason, empathetic, empathic, empathy,
employment contract, en rapport, endurant, engagement,
enlightenment, entente, entente cordiale, esemplastic power,
esprit, esprit de corps, estimation, evasion of responsibility,
farseeing, farsighted, feeling of identity, fellow feeling,
fellowship, fix on, forbearant, forbearing, foreknowledge,
foreseeing, foresighted, forethoughted, forethoughtful,
formal agreement, frictionless, frictionlessness,
general acclamation, general agreement, general consent,
general voice, gentle, give-and-take, giving way, good sense,
good vibes, good vibrations, grasp, gray matter, grip,
happy family, harmonious, harmony, head, headpiece, human, humane,
ideation, ideational, identity, import, in accord, in concert,
in rapport, in tune, incisive, indulgent, inharmony, insight,
insightful, integrative power, intellect, intellection,
intellectual, intellectual faculty, intellectual grasp,
intellectual power, intellectualism, intellectuality, intelligence,
intelligence quotient, intelligent, intendment, interpretation,
intuition, ironclad agreement, judgement, kinship, knowing,
knowledge, knowledgeable, legal agreement, legal contract, lenient,
like-minded, like-mindedness, long-suffering, longheaded,
longsighted, love, mastery, meaning, meeting of minds, melting,
mens, mental age, mental capacity, mental grasp, mental ratio,
mentality, merciful, message, mind, mindful, mother wit,
mutual agreement, mutual concession, mutual understanding,
mutuality, native wit, noetic, not so dumb, notion, nous,
obligation, of one mind, omniscient, one accord, one voice,
oneness, opinion, pact, paction, patient, patient as Job, peace,
peaceful, penetrating, penetration, perception, perceptive,
percipience, percipient, persevering, perspicacious, perspicuous,
philosophical, piercing, pitying, power of mind, power of reason,
precognition, preengagement, prehensile, prehension, promise,
protocol, provident, psyche, purport, rapport, rapprochement,
ratio, rational, rationality, reading, reason, reasonable,
reasoning, reasoning faculty, reasoning power, reciprocity,
recognizance, reconciliation, ruthful, sagacious, sagacity,
sageness, same mind, sane, sanity, sapience, savvy, scope of mind,
self-controlled, sense, sensible, sensitiveness, sensitivity,
settlement, sharing, shrewd, significance, significancy,
signification, single voice, smarts, soft, softhearted, solidarity,
sophic, stipulation, stoic, strong-minded, surrender, sympathetic,
sympathizing, sympathy, symphony, team spirit, tender,
tenderhearted, thinking power, together, tolerant, tolerating,
tolerative, total agreement, transaction, treaty, trenchant, truce,
unanimity, unanimousness, undertaking, union, union contract,
unison, united, unity, universal agreement, valid contract,
verbal agreement, view, wage contract, warmhearted, wisdom, wise,
wit, yielding

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