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timber    音標拼音: [t'ɪmbɚ]
n. 木材,木料
vt. 用木材建造

木材,木料用木材建造

timber
n 1: the wood of trees cut and prepared for use as building
material [synonym: {lumber}, {timber}]
2: a beam made of wood
3: a post made of wood
4: land that is covered with trees and shrubs [synonym: {forest},
{woodland}, {timberland}, {timber}]
5: (music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice
or noise or musical sound); "the timbre of her soprano was
rich and lovely"; "the muffled tones of the broken bell
summoned them to meet" [synonym: {timbre}, {timber}, {quality},
{tone}]

Timber \Tim"ber\, n. [Probably the same word as timber sort of
wood; cf. Sw. timber, LG. timmer, MHG. zimber, G. zimmer, F.
timbre, LL. timbrium. Cf. {Timmer}.] (Com.)
A certain quantity of fur skins, as of martens, ermines,
sables, etc., packed between boards; being in some cases
forty skins, in others one hundred and twenty; -- called also
{timmer}. [Written also {timbre}.]
[1913 Webster]


Timber \Tim"ber\, n. [F. timbre. See {Timbre}.] (Her.)
The crest on a coat of arms. [Written also {timbre}.]
[1913 Webster]


Timber \Tim"ber\, v. t.
To surmount as a timber does. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]


Timber \Tim"ber\, n. [AS. timbor, timber, wood, building; akin
to OFries. timber, D. timmer a room, G. zimmer, OHG. zimbar
timber, a dwelling, room, Icel. timbr timber, Sw. timmer,
Dan. t["o]mmer, Goth. timrjan to build, timrja a builder, L.
domus a house, Gr. ? house, ? to build, Skr. dama a house.
[root]62. Cf. {Dome}, {Domestic}.]
1. That sort of wood which is proper for buildings or for
tools, utensils, furniture, carriages, fences, ships, and
the like; -- usually said of felled trees, but sometimes
of those standing. Cf. {Lumber}, 3.
[1913 Webster]

And ta'en my fiddle to the gate, . . .
And fiddled in the timber! --Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

2. The body, stem, or trunk of a tree.
[1913 Webster]

3. Fig.: Material for any structure.
[1913 Webster]

Such dispositions are the very errors of human
nature; and yet they are the fittest timber to make
politics of. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

4. A single piece or squared stick of wood intended for
building, or already framed; collectively, the larger
pieces or sticks of wood, forming the framework of a
house, ship, or other structure, in distinction from the
covering or boarding.
[1913 Webster]

So they prepared timber . . . to build the house.
--1 Kings v.
18.
[1913 Webster]

Many of the timbers were decayed. --W. Coxe.
[1913 Webster]

5. Woods or forest; wooden land. [Western U. S.]
[1913 Webster]

6. (Shipbuilding) A rib, or a curving piece of wood,
branching outward from the keel and bending upward in a
vertical direction. One timber is composed of several
pieces united.
[1913 Webster]

{Timber and room}. (Shipbuilding) Same as {Room and space}.
See under {Room}.

{Timber beetle} (Zool.), any one of numerous species of
beetles the larvae of which bore in timber; as, the silky
timber beetle ({Lymexylon sericeum}).

{Timber doodle} (Zool.), the American woodcock. [Local, U.
S.]

{Timber grouse} (Zool.), any species of grouse that inhabits
woods, as the ruffed grouse and spruce partridge; --
distinguished from prairie grouse.

{Timber hitch} (Naut.), a kind of hitch used for temporarily
marking fast a rope to a spar. See Illust. under {Hitch}.


{Timber mare}, a kind of instrument upon which soldiers were
formerly compelled to ride for punishment. --Johnson.

{Timber scribe}, a metal tool or pointed instrument for
marking timber. --Simmonds.

{Timber sow}. (Zool.) Same as {Timber worm}, below. --Bacon.

{Timber tree}, a tree suitable for timber.

{Timber worm} (Zool.), any larval insect which burrows in
timber.

{Timber yard}, a yard or place where timber is deposited.
[1913 Webster]


Timber \Tim"ber\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Timbered}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Timbering}.]
To furnish with timber; -- chiefly used in the past
participle.
[1913 Webster]

His bark is stoutly timbered. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]


Timber \Tim"ber\, v. i.
1. To light on a tree. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

2. (Falconry) To make a nest.
[1913 Webster]

118 Moby Thesaurus words for "timber":
afforestation, arboretum, balk, bare pole, beam, beams, billet,
board, boarding, boards, boondocks, bush, bushveld, character,
chase, clapboard, climax forest, cloud forest, conifer, cord,
cordwood, deal, dendrology, driftwood, evergreen, firewood, forest,
forest land, forest preserve, forestry, fringing forest,
fruit tree, gallery forest, girder, greenwood, hanger, hardwood,
hardwood tree, index forest, jungle, jungles, lath, lathing,
lathwork, log, lumber, mast, material, national forest,
palmetto barrens, panelboard, paneling, panelwork, park,
park forest, pine barrens, plank, planking, planks, plyboard,
plywood, pole, pollard, post, potential, primeval forest, prospect,
protection forest, puncheon, quality, rafter, rain forest,
reforestation, sapling, scrub, scrubland, seedling,
selection forest, shade tree, shake, sheathing, sheathing board,
sheeting, shingle, shrubland, sideboard, siding, silviculture,
slab, slat, softwood, softwood tree, spar, splat, sprout forest,
stand of timber, state forest, stave, stick, stick of wood,
stovewood, stuff, talent, three-by-four, timber tree, timbering,
timberland, timberwork, tree, tree veld, two-by-four,
virgin forest, weald, weatherboard, wildwood, wood, woodland,
woods

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