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tide    音標拼音: [t'ɑɪd]
n. 潮,潮汐,潮水;C潮流,趨勢
vi. 潮水般地奔流
vt. 使順潮水漂浮

潮,潮汐,潮水;C潮流,趨勢潮水般地奔流使順潮水漂浮

tide
n 1: the periodic rise and fall of the sea level under the
gravitational pull of the moon
2: something that may increase or decrease (like the tides of
the sea); "a rising tide of popular interest"
3: there are usually two high and two low tides each day [synonym:
{tide}, {lunar time period}]
v 1: rise or move forward; "surging waves" [synonym: {tide},
{surge}] [ant: {ebb}, {ebb away}, {ebb down}, {ebb off},
{ebb out}]
2: cause to float with the tide
3: be carried with the tide

Tide \Tide\, n. [AS. t[imac]d time; akin to OS. & OFries.
t[imac]d, D. tijd, G. zeit, OHG. z[imac]t, Icel. t[imac]?,
Sw. & Dan. tid, and probably to Skr. aditi unlimited,
endless, where a- is a negative prefix. [root]58. Cf.
{Tidings}, {Tidy}, {Till}, prep., {Time}.]
1. Time; period; season. [Obsoles.] "This lusty summer's
tide." --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

And rest their weary limbs a tide. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

Which, at the appointed tide,
Each one did make his bride. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

At the tide of Christ his birth. --Fuller.
[1913 Webster]

2. The alternate rising and falling of the waters of the
ocean, and of bays, rivers, etc., connected therewith. The
tide ebbs and flows twice in each lunar day, or the space
of a little more than twenty-four hours. It is occasioned
by the attraction of the sun and moon (the influence of
the latter being three times that of the former), acting
unequally on the waters in different parts of the earth,
thus disturbing their equilibrium. A high tide upon one
side of the earth is accompanied by a high tide upon the
opposite side. Hence, when the sun and moon are in
conjunction or opposition, as at new moon and full moon,
their action is such as to produce a greater than the
usual tide, called the {spring tide}, as represented in
the cut. When the moon is in the first or third quarter,
the sun's attraction in part counteracts the effect of the
moon's attraction, thus producing under the moon a smaller
tide than usual, called the {neap tide}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The flow or rising of the water is called flood tide,
and the reflux, ebb tide.
[1913 Webster]

3. A stream; current; flood; as, a tide of blood. "Let in the
tide of knaves once more; my cook and I'll provide."
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. Tendency or direction of causes, influences, or events;
course; current.
[1913 Webster]

There is a tide in the affairs of men,
Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune.
--Shak.
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5. Violent confluence. [Obs.] --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Mining) The period of twelve hours.
[1913 Webster]

{Atmospheric tides}, tidal movements of the atmosphere
similar to those of the ocean, and produced in the same
manner by the attractive forces of the sun and moon.

{Inferior tide}. See under {Inferior}, a.

{To work double tides}. See under {Work}, v. t.

{Tide day}, the interval between the occurrences of two
consecutive maxima of the resultant wave at the same
place. Its length varies as the components of sun and moon
waves approach to, or recede from, one another. A
retardation from this cause is called the lagging of the
tide, while the acceleration of the recurrence of high
water is termed the priming of the tide. See {Lag of the
tide}, under 2d {Lag}.

{Tide dial}, a dial to exhibit the state of the tides at any
time.

{Tide gate}.
(a) An opening through which water may flow freely when
the tide sets in one direction, but which closes
automatically and prevents the water from flowing in
the other direction.
(b) (Naut.) A place where the tide runs with great
velocity, as through a gate.

{Tide gauge}, a gauge for showing the height of the tide;
especially, a contrivance for registering the state of the
tide continuously at every instant of time. --Brande & C.

{Tide lock}, a lock situated between an inclosed basin, or a
canal, and the tide water of a harbor or river, when they
are on different levels, so that craft can pass either way
at all times of the tide; -- called also {guard lock}.

{Tide mill}. (a) A mill operated by the tidal currents.
(b) A mill for clearing lands from tide water.

{Tide rip}, a body of water made rough by the conflict of
opposing tides or currents.

{Tide table}, a table giving the time of the rise and fall of
the tide at any place.

{Tide water}, water affected by the flow of the tide; hence,
broadly, the seaboard.

{Tide wave}, or {Tidal wave}, the swell of water as the tide
moves. That of the ocean is called primitive; that of bays
or channels derivative. See also {tidal wave} in the
vocabulary. --Whewell.

{Tide wheel}, a water wheel so constructed as to be moved by
the ebb or flow of the tide.
[1913 Webster]


Tide \Tide\, v. i. [AS. t[imac]dan to happen. See {Tide}, n.]
1. To betide; to happen. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

What should us tide of this new law? --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

2. To pour a tide or flood.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Naut.) To work into or out of a river or harbor by
drifting with the tide and anchoring when it becomes
adverse.
[1913 Webster]


Tide \Tide\ (t[imac]d), v. t.
To cause to float with the tide; to drive or carry with the
tide or stream.
[1913 Webster]

They are tided down the stream. --Feltham.
[1913 Webster]

112 Moby Thesaurus words for "tide":
affluence, afflux, affluxion, big drink, blue water, chronology,
concourse, confluence, conflux, continuity, course, crosscurrent,
current, defluxion, direct tide, downflow, downpour, drift,
driftage, drink, duration, duree, ebb, ebb and flow, ebb tide,
flood, flood tide, flow, flowing, fluency, flux, flux and reflux,
full tide, gush, high sea, high seas, high tide, high water,
hydrosphere, inflow, lastingness, low tide, low water, lunar tide,
main, main sea, mill run, millrace, neap, neap tide, ocean,
ocean depths, ocean main, ocean sea, onrush, onward course,
opposite tide, outflow, period, psychological time, race,
refluence, reflux, rip, riptide, run, rush, salt sea, salt water,
sea, set, solar tide, space, space-time, spate, spring tide,
stream, surge, tense, term, thalassa, thalassometer,
the bounding main, the brine, the briny, the briny deep, the deep,
the deep sea, the future, the past, the present, the seven seas,
the vasty deep, tidal amplitude, tidal current,
tidal current chart, tidal flow, tidal range, tide chart,
tide gate, tide gauge, tide race, tide rip, tidewater, tideway,
time, timebinding, trend, undercurrent, undertow, water flow,
while

TIDE. The ebb and flow of the sea.
2. Arms of the sea, bays, creeks, coves, or rivers, where the tide ebbs
and flows, are public, and all persons may use the same for the purposes of
navigation and for fishing, unless restrained by law. To give these rights
at common law, the tide must ebb and flow: the flowing of the waters of a
lake into a river, and their reflowing, being not the flux and reflux of the
tides, but mere occasional and rare instances of a swell in the lake, and a
setting up of the waters into the river, and the subsiding of such swells,
is not to be considered an ebb and flow of the tide, so as to constitute a
river technically navigable. 20 John. R. 98. See 17 John. R. 195; 2 Conn. R.
481.
3. In Pennsylvania, the common law principle, that the flux and reflux
of the tide ascertain the character of the river, has been rejected. 2 Binn.
R. 475. Vide Arm of the sea; Navigable river; Sea shore.



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