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texture    音標拼音: [t'ɛkstʃɚ]
n. 織法,組織

織法,組織

texture
紋路

texture
紋理

texture
n 1: the feel of a surface or a fabric; "the wall had a smooth
texture"
2: the essential quality of something; "the texture of
Neapolitan life"
3: the musical pattern created by parts being played or sung
together; "then another melodic line is added to the texture"
4: the characteristic appearance of a surface having a tactile
quality
5: the physical composition of something (especially with
respect to the size and shape of the small constituents of a
substance); "breadfruit has the same texture as bread"; "sand
of a fine grain"; "fish with a delicate flavor and texture";
"a stone of coarse grain" [synonym: {texture}, {grain}]

Texture \Tex"ture\, n. [L. textura, fr. texere, textum, to
weave: cf. F. texture. See {Text}.]
1. The act or art of weaving. [R.] --Sir T. Browne.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which woven; a woven fabric; a web. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Others, apart far in the grassy dale,
Or roughening waste, their humble texture weave.
--Thomson.
[1913 Webster]

3. The disposition or connection of threads, filaments, or
other slender bodies, interwoven; as, the texture of cloth
or of a spider's web.
[1913 Webster]

4. The disposition of the several parts of any body in
connection with each other, or the manner in which the
constituent parts are united; structure; as, the texture
of earthy substances or minerals; the texture of a plant
or a bone; the texture of paper; a loose or compact
texture.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Biol.) A tissue. See {Tissue}.
[1913 Webster]
[1913 Webster]


Texture \Tex"ture\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Textured}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Texturing}.]
To form a texture of or with; to interweave. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

147 Moby Thesaurus words for "texture":
anatomy, arabesque, architectonics, architecture, arrangement,
basketry, basketwork, being, braiding, build, building,
cancellation, character, cloth, composition, configuration,
conformation, consistency, constitution, construction, creation,
cross-hatching, crossing-out, drapery, enlacement, entwinement,
entwining, essentiality, etoffe, fabric, fabrication, fashion,
fashioning, features, feel, felt, fiber, filigree, forging, form,
format, formation, frame, framework, fret, fretwork, getup, goods,
grain, grate, grating, grid, gridiron, grille, grillwork, hachure,
hatching, interknitting, interlacement, interlacery, interlacing,
intertexture, interthreading, intertieing, intertwinement,
intertwining, intertwisting, interweavement, interweaving,
knitting, lace, lacery, lacework, lacing, lattice, latticework,
make, makeup, making, manufacture, material, mesh, meshes,
meshwork, mold, molding, napery, nature, net, netting, network,
organic structure, organism, organization, pattern, patterning,
physique, plaiting, plan, plexure, plexus, production, raddle, rag,
reticle, reticulation, reticule, reticulum, riddle, scheme, screen,
screening, setup, shape, shaping, sieve, silk, structure,
structuring, stuff, substance, surface, tectonics, textile,
textile fabric, tissu, tissue, tracery, trellis, trelliswork,
twining, twisting, warp and woof, warpage, wattle, weave, weaving,
web, webbing, webwork, weft, weftage, wicker, wickerwork, woof,
wool, wreathing

A measure of the variation of the intensity of a
surface, quantifying properties such as smoothness, coarseness
and regularity. It's often used as a {region descriptor} in
{image analysis} and {computer vision}.

The three principal approaches used to describe texture are
statistical, structural and spectral. Statistical techniques
characterise texture by the statistical properties of the grey
levels of the points comprising a surface. Typically, these
properties are computed from the grey level {histogram} or
grey level {cooccurrence matrix} of the surface.

Structural techniques characterise texture as being composed
of simple primitives called "texels" (texture elements), that
are regularly arranged on a surface according to some rules.
These rules are formally defined by {grammars} of various
types.

Spectral techiques are based on properties of the Fourier
spectrum and describe global periodicity of the grey levels of
a surface by identifying high energy peaks in the spectrum.

(1995-05-11)

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