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substitute    音標拼音: [s'ʌbstət,ut]
n. 代理,代理人,代用品,代替物
vt. 代替
vi. 替代,取代

代理,代理人,代用品,代替物代替替代,取代

substitute
取代

substitute
替代

substitute
adj 1: capable of substituting in any of several positions on a
team; "a utility infielder" [synonym: {utility(a)},
{substitute(a)}]
2: serving or used in place of another; "an alternative plan"
[synonym: {alternate}, {alternative}, {substitute}]
3: artificial and inferior; "ersatz coffee"; "substitute coffee"
[synonym: {ersatz}, {substitute}]
n 1: a person or thing that takes or can take the place of
another [synonym: {substitute}, {replacement}]
2: an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is
replaced [synonym: {substitute}, {reserve}, {second-stringer}]
3: someone who takes the place of another (as when things get
dangerous or difficult); "the star had a stand-in for
dangerous scenes"; "we need extra employees for summer fill-
ins" [synonym: {stand-in}, {substitute}, {relief}, {reliever},
{backup}, {backup man}, {fill-in}]
v 1: put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent
items; "the con artist replaced the original with a fake
Rembrandt"; "substitute regular milk with fat-free milk";
"synonyms can be interchanged without a changing the
context's meaning" [synonym: {substitute}, {replace},
{interchange}, {exchange}]
2: be a substitute; "The young teacher had to substitute for the
sick colleague"; "The skim milk substitutes for cream--we are
on a strict diet" [synonym: {substitute}, {sub}, {stand in},
{fill in}]
3: act as a substitute; "She stood in for the soprano who
suffered from a cold" [synonym: {substitute}, {deputize},
{deputise}, {step in}]

Substitute \Sub"stit"ute\, n. [L. substitutus, p. p. of
substituere to put under, put in the place of; sub under
statuere to put, place: cf. F. substitut. See {Statute}.]
One who, or that which, is substituted or put in the place of
another; one who acts for another; that which stands in lieu
of something else; specifically (Mil.), a person who enlists
for military service in the place of a conscript or drafted
man.
[1913 Webster]

Hast thou not made me here thy substitute? --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Ladies [in Shakespeare's age] . . . wore masks as the
sole substitute known to our ancestors for the modern
parasol. --De Quincey.
[1913 Webster]


Substitute \Sub"stit"ute\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Substituted}; p.
pr. & vb. n. {Substituting}.] [See {Substitute}, n.]
To put in the place of another person or thing; to exchange.
[1913 Webster]

Some few verses are inserted or substituted in the room
of others. --Congreve.
[1913 Webster]

148 Moby Thesaurus words for "substitute":
additional, advocate, agent, alter ego, alternate, alternative,
amicus curiae, analogy, another, attorney, backup, backup man,
bit player, champion, change, change for, changeling, commute,
comparison, compound for, copy, counterfeit, delegate, deputy,
dernier ressort, displace, double, double for, dub in, dummy,
equal, equivalent, ersatz, exchange, executive officer, expediency,
expedient, exponent, extra, fake, false, father figure,
father image, figurant, figurante, figurehead, fill-in, ghost,
ghostwriter, give place to, imitation, lieutenant, locum,
locum tenens, make do with, make way for, makeshift, metaphor,
metonymy, mock, mother figure, mother surrogate, mute,
next best thing, offer in exchange, other, paranymph, personnel,
phony, pinch, pinch hitter, pinch-hit for, pleader, procurator,
provisional, proxy, put up with, recourse, redeem, refuge, relay,
relief, relieve, replace, replacement, representative, reserve,
reserves, resort, ring in, ringer, second, second in command,
second string, secondary, sham, shift with, sign, simulated, spare,
spares, spear-carrier, spurious, stand in for, stand-in, standby,
stopgap, sub, substituent, substitute for, substitution,
succedaneum, supe, super, supernumerary, superseder, supplant,
supplanter, supplemental, supplementary, supply, support,
supporting actor, supporting cast, surrogate, swap, switch, symbol,
synecdoche, take in exchange, temporary, tentative, third string,
token, trade, understudy, utility, utility man, utility player,
vicar, vicar general, vicarious, vice, vice-president, vice-regent,
vicegerent, walk-on, walking gentleman

(SUB) {ASCII} character 26.

[Why?]

(1996-06-28)

SUBSTITUTE, contracts. One placed under another to transact business for
him; in letters of attorney, power is generally given to the attorney to
nominate and appoint a substitute.
2. Without such power, the authority given to one person cannot in
general be delegated to another, because it is a personal trust and
confidence, and is not therefore transmissible. The authority is given to
him to exercise his judgment and discretion, and it cannot be said that the
trust and confidence reposed in him shall be exercised at the discretion of
another. 2 Atk. 88; 2 Ves. 645. But an authority may be delegated to
another, when the attorney has express power to do so. Bunb. 166; T. Jones,
110. See Story, Ag. Sec. 13, 14. When a man is drawn in the militia, he may
in some cases hire a substitute.

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