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subject    音標拼音: [səbdʒ'ɛkt] [s'ʌbdʒɪkt]
n.
主題,臣民,主語,題目,學科,受治療者,原因,理由,自我
a. 服從的,科目 ;
(為了搜尋方便,E-MAIL上的信件都有一個主題欄,
此欄用來描述信的主要內容)

主題,臣民,主語,題目,學科,受治療者,原因,理由,自我服從的,科目 ; (為了搜尋方便,E-MAIL上的信件都有一個主題欄, 此欄用來描述信的主要內容)

subject
主題

subject
adj 1: possibly accepting or permitting; "a passage capable of
misinterpretation"; "open to interpretation"; "an issue
open to question"; "the time is fixed by the director and
players and therefore subject to much variation" [synonym:
{capable}, {open}, {subject}]
2: being under the power or sovereignty of another or others;
"subject peoples"; "a dependent prince" [synonym: {subject},
{dependent}]
3: likely to be affected by something; "the bond is subject to
taxation"; "he is subject to fits of depression"
n 1: the subject matter of a conversation or discussion; "he
didn't want to discuss that subject"; "it was a very
sensitive topic"; "his letters were always on the theme of
love" [synonym: {subject}, {topic}, {theme}]
2: something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist
or photographer for graphic representation; "a moving picture
of a train is more dramatic than a still picture of the same
subject" [synonym: {subject}, {content}, {depicted object}]
3: a branch of knowledge; "in what discipline is his
doctorate?"; "teachers should be well trained in their
subject"; "anthropology is the study of human beings" [synonym:
{discipline}, {subject}, {subject area}, {subject field},
{field}, {field of study}, {study}, {bailiwick}]
4: some situation or event that is thought about; "he kept
drifting off the topic"; "he had been thinking about the
subject for several years"; "it is a matter for the police"
[synonym: {topic}, {subject}, {issue}, {matter}]
5: (grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the
grammatical constituent about which something is predicated
6: a person who is subjected to experimental or other
observational procedures; someone who is an object of
investigation; "the subjects for this investigation were
selected randomly"; "the cases that we studied were drawn
from two different communities" [synonym: {subject}, {case},
{guinea pig}]
7: a person who owes allegiance to that nation; "a monarch has a
duty to his subjects" [synonym: {national}, {subject}]
8: (logic) the first term of a proposition
v 1: cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable
to; "He subjected me to his awful poetry"; "The sergeant
subjected the new recruits to many drills"; "People in
Chernobyl were subjected to radiation"
2: make accountable for; "He did not want to subject himself to
the judgments of his superiors"
3: make subservient; force to submit or subdue [synonym:
{subjugate}, {subject}]
4: refer for judgment or consideration; "The lawyers submitted
the material to the court" [synonym: {submit}, {subject}]

Subject \Sub*ject"\, n. [From L. subjectus, through an old form
of F. sujet. See {Subject}, a.]
1. That which is placed under the authority, dominion,
control, or influence of something else.
[1913 Webster]

2. Specifically: One who is under the authority of a ruler
and is governed by his laws; one who owes allegiance to a
sovereign or a sovereign state; as, a subject of Queen
Victoria; a British subject; a subject of the United
States.
[1913 Webster]

Was never subject longed to be a king,
As I do long and wish to be a subject. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

The subject must obey his prince, because God
commands it, human laws require it. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In international law, the term subject is convertible
with citizen.
[1913 Webster]

3. That which is subjected, or submitted to, any physical
operation or process; specifically (Anat.), a dead body
used for the purpose of dissection.
[1913 Webster]

4. That which is brought under thought or examination; that
which is taken up for discussion, or concerning which
anything is said or done. "This subject for heroic song."
--Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Make choice of a subject, beautiful and noble, which
. . . shall afford an ample field of matter wherein
to expatiate. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

The unhappy subject of these quarrels. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

5. The person who is treated of; the hero of a piece; the
chief character.
[1913 Webster]

Writers of particular lives . . . are apt to be
prejudiced in favor of their subject. --C.
Middleton.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Logic & Gram.) That of which anything is affirmed or
predicated; the theme of a proposition or discourse; that
which is spoken of; as, the nominative case is the subject
of the verb.
[1913 Webster]

The subject of a proposition is that concerning
which anything is affirmed or denied. --I. Watts.
[1913 Webster]

7. That in which any quality, attribute, or relation, whether
spiritual or material, inheres, or to which any of these
appertain; substance; substratum.
[1913 Webster]

That which manifests its qualities -- in other
words, that in which the appearing causes inhere,
that to which they belong -- is called their subject
or substance, or substratum. --Sir W.
Hamilton.
[1913 Webster]

8. Hence, that substance or being which is conscious of its
own operations; the mind; the thinking agent or principal;
the ego. Cf. {Object}, n., 2.
[1913 Webster]

The philosophers of mind have, in a manner, usurped
and appropriated this expression to themselves.
Accordingly, in their hands, the phrases conscious
or thinking subject, and subject, mean precisely the
same thing. --Sir W.
Hamilton.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Mus.) The principal theme, or leading thought or phrase,
on which a composition or a movement is based.
[1913 Webster]

The earliest known form of subject is the
ecclesiastical cantus firmus, or plain song.
--Rockstro.
[1913 Webster]

10. (Fine Arts) The incident, scene, figure, group, etc.,
which it is the aim of the artist to represent.
[1913 Webster]


Subject \Sub*ject"\, a. [OE. suget, OF. souzget, sougit (in
which the first part is L. subtus below, fr. sub under),
subgiet, subject, F. sujet, from L. subjectus lying under,
subjected, p. p. of subjicere, subicere, to throw, lay,
place, or bring under; sub under jacere to throw. See {Jet}
a shooting forth.]
1. Placed or situated under; lying below, or in a lower
situation. [Obs.] --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

2. Placed under the power of another; specifically
(International Law), owing allegiance to a particular
sovereign or state; as, Jamaica is subject to Great
Britain.
[1913 Webster]

Esau was never subject to Jacob. --Locke.
[1913 Webster]

3. Exposed; liable; prone; disposed; as, a country subject to
extreme heat; men subject to temptation.
[1913 Webster]

All human things are subject to decay. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. Obedient; submissive.
[1913 Webster]

Put them in mind to be subject to principalities.
--Titus iii.
1.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Liable; subordinate; inferior; obnoxious; exposed. See
{Liable}.
[1913 Webster]


Subject \Sub*ject"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Subjected}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Subjecting}.]
1. To bring under control, power, or dominion; to make
subject; to subordinate; to subdue.
[1913 Webster]

Firmness of mind that subjects every gratification
of sense to the rule of right reason. --C.
Middleton.
[1913 Webster]

In one short view subjected to our eye,
Gods, emperors, heroes, sages, beauties, lie.
--Pope.
[1913 Webster]

He is the most subjected, the most ?nslaved, who is
so in his understanding. --Locke.
[1913 Webster]

2. To expose; to make obnoxious or liable; as, credulity
subjects a person to impositions.
[1913 Webster]

3. To submit; to make accountable.
[1913 Webster]

God is not bound to subject his ways of operation to
the scrutiny of our thoughts. --Locke.
[1913 Webster]

4. To make subservient.
[1913 Webster]

Subjected to his service angel wings. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

5. To cause to undergo; as, to subject a substance to a white
heat; to subject a person to a rigid test.
[1913 Webster]

357 Moby Thesaurus words for "subject":
IC analysis, above, academic specialty, action, actor, affair,
agent, anagnorisis, angle, answerable to, application, appositive,
apt, architect, architectonics, architecture, area, argument,
atmosphere, attribute, attributive, author, background, basis,
bondmaid, bondman, bondslave, bondsman, bondswoman, boning,
brainwork, burden, burden with, business, captive, case,
catastrophe, cause, chapter, characterization, charge, chattel,
chattel slave, churl, citizen, citizen by adoption,
classical education, client, collateral, color, common, complement,
complication, concern, concubine, conning, conquer,
construction modifier, contemplation, contingent on, continuity,
contrivance, core, core curriculum, cosmopolitan, cosmopolite,
course, course of study, cram, cramming, creator, crush,
curriculum, cutting, debt slave, deep structure, demand, demeaning,
denouement, dependent, dependent on, deprive of freedom, design,
development, device, direct object, disadvantaged, discipline,
discussed, disenfranchise, disfranchise, disposed to, doer,
dominate, drill, elective, engrossment, enjoin, enslave, enthrall,
episode, essence, exact, examinant, examinate, examinee, excuse,
executant, executor, executrix, exercise, expose, exposed,
exposed to, extensive study, fable, fabricator, falling action,
fasten upon, feudal, feudatory, field, figure, filler,
focus of attention, focus of interest, form-function unit,
freight with, function, galley slave, general education,
general studies, gimmick, gist, grind, grinding, grounds,
guinea pig, head, heading, headwork, helot, hold captive,
hold down, hold in bondage, hold in captivity, hold in leash,
hold in subjection, homager, humanities, humble, hyphenate,
hyphenated American, immediate constituent analysis, immigrant,
impose, impose on, impose upon, in the shade, incident,
indirect object, inferior, inflict on, inflict upon, informant,
infra dig, inspection, interviewee, issue, junior, keep down,
keep under, laboratory animal, lay, lay on, lay open, lead captive,
leitmotiv, less, lesser, levels, levy, liberal arts, liege,
liege man, liege subject, likely, line, living issue, local color,
low, lower, lowly, lucubration, main point, major, make dependent,
maker, material, matter, matter in hand, meat, medium,
mental labor, metic, minor, modest, modifier, mood, motif, motive,
movement, mover, mythos, national, naturalized citizen,
nonnative citizen, object, obnoxious, odalisque, open, open to,
operant, operative, operator, ordinary, participant, patient, peon,
peonize, performer, peripeteia, perpetrator, perusal, phrase,
phrase structure, place, plan, plot, point, point at issue,
point in question, practice, practitioner, predicate, prime mover,
problem, producer, prone, prone to, proseminar, put, put down,
put on, put through, put upon, quadrivium, qualifier, question,
questionee, quizzee, ranks, rationale, reading, reason,
recognition, referred to, refresher course, responsible for,
restudy, restudying, review, rising action, rubric, saddle with,
scheme, scientific education, second rank, second string,
secondary, secondary plot, seminar, sensitive, serf, servant,
servile, set, shallow structure, slant, slave, slavish, slot,
slot and filler, source, specialty, story, strata, structure,
study, studying, sub, subaltern, subdiscipline, subdue,
subject matter, subject of thought, subject to, subjugate, submit,
subordinate, subplot, subservient, substance, surface structure,
susceptible, switch, swotting, syntactic analysis,
syntactic structure, syntactics, syntax, tagmeme, take captive,
task, tax, taxpayer, technical education, testee, text,
thematic development, theme, theow, thesis, third rank,
third string, thrall, tone, topic, tributary, trivium, twist,
uncover, under, underlying structure, underprivileged, vassal,
vassalize, villein, voter, vulgar, weight down with, wide reading,
witness, word arrangement, word order, worker, yoke with

In {subject-oriented programming}, a subject is
a collection of {classes} or class fragments whose {class
hierarchy} models its domain in its own, subjective way. A
subject may be a complete application in itself, or it may be
an incomplete fragment that must be composed with other
subjects to produce a complete application. Subject
composition combines class hierarchies to produce new subjects
that incorporate functionality from existing subjects.

(1999-08-31)

SUBJECT, contracts. The thing which is the object of an agreement. This term
is used in the laws of Scotland.


SUBJECT, persons, government. An individual member of a nation, who is
subject to the laws; this term is used in contradistinction to citizen,
which is applied to the same individual when considering his political
rights.
2. In monarchical governments, by subject is meant one who owes
permanent allegiance to the monarch. Vide Body politic; Greenl. Ev. Sec.
286; Phil. & Am. on Ev. 732, n. 1.



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