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strain    音標拼音: [str'en]
vt. 拉緊,繃緊;損傷,扭傷;緊張,勉強
vi. 盡力,使勁
n. U拉緊,張力,應變;緊張

拉緊,繃緊;損傷,扭傷;緊張,勉強盡力,使勁U拉緊,張力,應變;緊張

strain
應變

strain
n 1: (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action
of applied forces
2: difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension; "she
endured the stresses and strains of life"; "he presided over
the economy during the period of the greatest stress and
danger"- R.J.Samuelson [synonym: {stress}, {strain}]
3: a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; "she
was humming an air from Beethoven" [synonym: {tune}, {melody},
{air}, {strain}, {melodic line}, {line}, {melodic phrase}]
4: (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress; "his
responsibilities were a constant strain"; "the mental strain
of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him" [synonym:
{strain}, {mental strain}, {nervous strain}]
5: a special variety of domesticated animals within a species;
"he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he
created a new strain of sheep" [synonym: {breed}, {strain},
{stock}]
6: (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ
in trivial ways from similar groups; "a new strain of
microorganisms" [synonym: {form}, {variant}, {strain}, {var.}]
7: injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in
swelling and pain
8: the general meaning or substance of an utterance; "although I
disagreed with him I could follow the tenor of his argument"
[synonym: {tenor}, {strain}]
9: an effortful attempt to attain a goal [synonym: {striving},
{nisus}, {pains}, {strain}]
10: an intense or violent exertion [synonym: {strain}, {straining}]
11: the act of singing; "with a shout and a song they marched up
to the gates" [synonym: {song}, {strain}]
v 1: to exert much effort or energy; "straining our ears to
hear" [synonym: {strive}, {reach}, {strain}]
2: test the limits of; "You are trying my patience!" [synonym:
{try}, {strain}, {stress}]
3: use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity; "He
really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro"; "Don't
strain your mind too much" [synonym: {strain}, {extend}]
4: separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device
to separate out coarser elements; "sift the flour" [synonym:
{sift}, {sieve}, {strain}]
5: cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious; "he got a
phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up" [synonym: {tense},
{strain}, {tense up}] [ant: {loosen up}, {make relaxed},
{relax}, {unlax}, {unstrain}, {unwind}]
6: become stretched or tense or taut; "the bodybuilder's neck
muscles tensed;" "the rope strained when the weight was
attached" [synonym: {strain}, {tense}]
7: remove by passing through a filter; "filter out the
impurities" [synonym: {filter}, {filtrate}, {strain}, {separate
out}, {filter out}]
8: rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender;
"puree the vegetables for the baby" [synonym: {puree}, {strain}]
9: alter the shape of (something) by stress; "His body was
deformed by leprosy" [synonym: {deform}, {distort}, {strain}]

Strain \Strain\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Strained}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Straining}.] [OF. estraindre, estreindre, F. ['e]treindre,
L. stringere to draw or bind tight; probably akin to Gr. ? a
halter, ? that which is squeezwd out, a drop, or perhaps to
E. strike. Cf. {Strangle}, {Strike}, {Constrain}, {District},
{Strait}, a. {Stress}, {Strict}, {Stringent}.]
1. To draw with force; to extend with great effort; to
stretch; as, to strain a rope; to strain the shrouds of a
ship; to strain the cords of a musical instrument. "To
strain his fetters with a stricter care." --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Mech.) To act upon, in any way, so as to cause change of
form or volume, as forces on a beam to bend it.
[1913 Webster]

3. To exert to the utmost; to ply vigorously.
[1913 Webster]

He sweats,
Strains his young nerves. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

They strain their warbling throats
To welcome in the spring. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. To stretch beyond its proper limit; to do violence to, in
the matter of intent or meaning; as, to strain the law in
order to convict an accused person.
[1913 Webster]

There can be no other meaning in this expression,
however some may pretend to strain it. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

5. To injure by drawing, stretching, or the exertion of
force; as, the gale strained the timbers of the ship.
[1913 Webster]

6. To injure in the muscles or joints by causing to make too
strong an effort; to harm by overexertion; to sprain; as,
to strain a horse by overloading; to strain the wrist; to
strain a muscle.
[1913 Webster]

Prudes decayed about may track,
Strain their necks with looking back. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

7. To squeeze; to press closely.
[1913 Webster]

Evander with a close embrace
Strained his departing friend. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

8. To make uneasy or unnatural; to produce with apparent
effort; to force; to constrain.
[1913 Webster]

He talks and plays with Fatima, but his mirth
Is forced and strained. --Denham.
[1913 Webster]

The quality of mercy is not strained. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

9. To urge with importunity; to press; as, to strain a
petition or invitation.
[1913 Webster]

Note, if your lady strain his entertainment. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

10. To press, or cause to pass, through a strainer, as
through a screen, a cloth, or some porous substance; to
purify, or separate from extraneous or solid matter, by
filtration; to filter; as, to strain milk through cloth.
[1913 Webster]

{To strain a point}, to make a special effort; especially, to
do a degree of violence to some principle or to one's own
feelings.

{To strain courtesy}, to go beyond what courtesy requires; to
insist somewhat too much upon the precedence of others; --
often used ironically. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]


Strain \Strain\, n. [See {Strene}.]
1. Race; stock; generation; descent; family.
[1913 Webster]

He is of a noble strain. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

With animals and plants a cross between different
varieties, or between individuals of the same
variety but of another strain, gives vigor and
fertility to the offspring. --Darwin.
[1913 Webster]

2. Hereditary character, quality, or disposition.
[1913 Webster]

Intemperance and lust breed diseases, which,
propogated, spoil the strain of nation. --Tillotson.
[1913 Webster]

3. Rank; a sort. "The common strain." --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Hort.) A cultural subvariety that is only slightly
differentiated.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]


Strain \Strain\, n.
1. The act of straining, or the state of being strained.
Specifically:
[1913 Webster]
(a) A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or
tension, as of the muscles; as, he lifted the weight
with a strain; the strain upon a ship's rigging in a
gale; also, the hurt or injury resulting; a sprain.
[1913 Webster]

Whether any poet of our country since
Shakespeare has exerted a greater variety of
powers with less strain and less ostentation.
--Landor.
[1913 Webster]

Credit is gained by custom, and seldom recovers
a strain. --Sir W.
Temple.
[1913 Webster]
(b) (Mech. Physics) A change of form or dimensions of a
solid or liquid mass, produced by a stress. --Rankine.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Mus.) A portion of music divided off by a double bar; a
complete musical period or sentence; a movement, or any
rounded subdivision of a movement.
[1913 Webster]

Their heavenly harps a lower strain began. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

3. Any sustained note or movement; a song; a distinct portion
of an ode or other poem; also, the pervading note, or
burden, of a song, poem, oration, book, etc.; theme;
motive; manner; style; also, a course of action or
conduct; as, he spoke in a noble strain; there was a
strain of woe in his story; a strain of trickery appears
in his career. "A strain of gallantry." --Sir W. Scott.
[1913 Webster]

Such take too high a strain at first. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

The genius and strain of the book of Proverbs.
--Tillotson.
[1913 Webster]

It [Pilgrim's Progress] seems a novelty, and yet
contains
Nothing but sound and honest gospel strains.
--Bunyan.
[1913 Webster]

4. Turn; tendency; inborn disposition. Cf. 1st {Strain}.
[1913 Webster]

Because heretics have a strain of madness, he
applied her with some corporal chastisements.
--Hayward.
[1913 Webster]


Strain \Strain\ (str[=a]n), v. i.
1. To make violent efforts. "Straining with too weak a wing."
--Pope.
[1913 Webster]

To build his fortune I will strain a little. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. To percolate; to be filtered; as, water straining through
a sandy soil.
[1913 Webster]

671 Moby Thesaurus words for "strain":
Spenserian stanza, abrade, affectation, affiliation, agitation,
aim, air, all-overs, anacrusis, ancestry, angst, animal kingdom,
animus, antistrophe, anxiety, anxiety hysteria, anxiety neurosis,
anxious bench, anxious concern, anxious seat, anxiousness,
apparentation, apprehension, apprehensiveness, aptitude, aria,
back down, balance, balk, bark, bass passage, be determined, belie,
bent, bias, bid for, birth, bleed, blemish, blench, bloat,
bloating, blood, bloodline, bloody, boggle, bolt, book, bourdon,
bracket, brain fag, branch, brand, break, breaking point, breed,
bridge, brood, burden, burn, cadence, camouflage,
cankerworm of care, canto, cantus, care, cast, caste, category,
chafe, character, check, chill, chilliness, chip, chorus, clan,
clarify, class, claw, clear, coda, coldness, color,
command of language, common ancestry, community, complexion,
concern, concernment, consanguinity, constitution, contend for,
continue, coolness, couplet, crack, crane, craze, culture, cut,
damage, debate, debilitation, debility, decrassify, deliberate,
demand, deme, demur, denomination, depurate, derivation, descant,
descendants, descent, description, designation, determination,
development, diathesis, direct line, disaffinity, discharge,
disguise, disposition, disquiet, disquietude, distaff side,
distension, distich, distill, distort, distress, disturbance,
division, draft, drag, drag out, drain, draw, draw off, draw out,
dread, dress up, drift, drive, eccentricity, edulcorate, effort,
effuse, elongate, elongation, elute, embellish, embroider, emit,
endeavor, enervation, enfeeblement, enmity, envoi, epode,
essentialize, estate, ethnic group, evidence, exaggeration, exceed,
excrete, exertion, exfiltrate, exposition, expression of ideas,
extend, extension, extract, extraction, extravasate,
extreme tension, exudate, exude, eyestrain, faintness, falsify,
falter, family, fashion, fatigue, fear, feather, feeling for words,
female line, fight shy of, figure, filiation, filter, filtrate,
flinch, folderol, folk, force, foreboding, forebodingness, form,
form of speech, fracture, fray, frazzle, fret, frost, fudge, gag,
gall, garble, gash, genre, gens, genus, gild, give off, gloss,
gloss over, goneness, grace of expression, grade, grain,
grandiloquence, group, grouping, hang back, hang off, harass, harm,
harmonic close, haul, have qualms, head, heading, heart strain,
heave, hem and haw, heptastich, heritage, hesitate, hexastich,
hint, hold off, house, hover, hum and haw, humor, hurt, iciness,
idiosyncrasy, ilk, impair, impression, incise, inclination,
incompatibility, incompatibleness, indication, individualism,
inflate, inflation, inhospitality, inimicality, injure, injury,
inquietude, interlude, intermezzo, introductory phrase, irk,
jadedness, jib, kidney, kin, kind, label, labor, lacerate, languor,
lassitude, lay, leach, leaning, lengthen, lengthen out,
lengthening, let out, level, line, line of descent, lineage,
literary style, lixiviate, lot, lug, maim, make, make an effort,
make bones about, make mincemeat of, makeup, malaise, male line,
manner, manner of speaking, mannerism, mark, mask, matriclan, maul,
measure, melodia, melodic line, melody, mental fatigue, mental set,
mental strain, mettle, mind, mind-set, miscite, miscolor,
misconstrue, misdirect, misgiving, misinterpret, misquote,
misrender, misreport, misrepresent, misstate, misuse, mode,
mode of expression, moil, mold, monostich, mood, movement, music,
musical phrase, musical sentence, mutilate, nation, nationality,
nature, nervous strain, nervous tension, nervousness, note, number,
obligation, octastich, octave, octet, ooze, order, ornament,
ottava rima, overanxiety, overburden, overcarrying, overdevelop,
overdistend, overdistension, overdoing, overdraw, overdrawing,
overemphasis, overexercise, overexert, overexertion, overexpand,
overexpansion, overexpenditure, overextend, overextension,
overimportance, overreaching, overreaction, overstate, overstrain,
overstraining, overstress, overstretch, overstretching, overtax,
overtaxing, overtiredness, overuse, overwork, pain, parentage,
part, passage, patriclan, pause, peculiarity, pedigree, pentastich,
people, percolate, period, personal conflict, personal style,
persuasion, perturbation, pervert, phrase, phratry, phylum, pierce,
pigeonhole, pins and needles, plant kingdom, ponder, position,
predicament, predilection, predisposition, preference, press,
pressure, proclivity, produce, production, prolong, prolongate,
prolongation, propensity, protract, protraction, pucker, pull,
pull back, pull for, puncture, purify, push, quail, quality,
quatrain, race, rack, rank, rating, recoil, rectify, reek, refine,
refrain, rend, resolution, resolve, response, retreat, rhetoric,
rhyme royal, rip, ritornello, roots, rubric, run, rupture, savage,
scald, scorch, scotch, scrape, scratch, screen, scruple, scuff,
section, seed, seek, seep, sense of language, separate, sept,
septet, sestet, set, sew, sextet, shape, shilly-shally, shrink,
shy, shy at, side, sieve, sift, sign, skin, slant, slash,
sleepiness, slit, snapping point, society, solicitude, solo,
solo part, song, soprano part, sort, sound, soupcon, spear side,
species, speech community, spin out, spindle side, spirit,
spiritualize, sprain, stab, stamp, stance fatigue, stanza,
statement, station, status, stave, stem, stew, stick, stick at,
stickle, stirps, stock, stop to consider, straddle the fence,
strain at, strain every nerve, strain for, straining, strains,
stratum, streak, stress, stress and strain, stressfulness, stretch,
stretch out, stretching, string out, stringing out, stripe, strive,
strive for, striving, strophe, struggle, struggle for, study,
stumble, style, stylistic analysis, stylistics, subdivision,
subgroup, sublimate, sublime, suborder, succession, suggestion,
supererogation, surpass, suspense, suspicion, sweat, sweat blood,
swell, swelling, sword side, syllable, tailpiece, tauten, tautness,
tax, taxing, tear, temper, temperament, tendency, tenor, tense,
tenseness, tension, tercet, terza rima, tetrastich,
the grand style, the like of, the likes of, the plain style,
the sublime, theme, think twice about, thread, tighten, tiredness,
titivate, title, toil, tone, torture, totem, trace, trait,
transpire, transude, traumatize, treble, tribe, trick, trick out,
triplet, tristich, trouble, try, try for, try hard, tug, tune,
turn, turn of mind, tutti, tutti passage, twist, type,
unamiability, uncordiality, understate, uneasiness, unfriendliness,
ungeniality, unquietness, unsociability, upset, variation, variety,
varnish, vein, verse, vestige, vexation, warp, waver, way,
weakness, wearifulness, weariness, weep, whitewash, wince, winnow,
withdraw, work, worry, wound, wrench, yield, zeal

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