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stop    音標拼音: [st'ɑp]
n. 停止,車站,逗留,填塞,障礙,滯留,風琴的音栓
vi. 停止,被塞住
vt. 塞住





n 1: the event of something ending; "it came to a stop at the
bottom of the hill" [synonym: {stop}, {halt}]
2: the act of stopping something; "the third baseman made some
remarkable stops"; "his stoppage of the flow resulted in a
flood" [synonym: {stop}, {stoppage}]
3: a brief stay in the course of a journey; "they made a
stopover to visit their friends" [synonym: {stop}, {stopover},
4: the state of inactivity following an interruption; "the
negotiations were in arrest"; "held them in check"; "during
the halt he got some lunch"; "the momentary stay enabled him
to escape the blow"; "he spent the entire stop in his seat"
[synonym: {arrest}, {check}, {halt}, {hitch}, {stay}, {stop},
5: a spot where something halts or pauses; "his next stop is
6: a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some
point and suddenly releasing it; "his stop consonants are too
aspirated" [synonym: {stop consonant}, {stop}, {occlusive},
{plosive consonant}, {plosive speech sound}, {plosive}] [ant:
{continuant}, {continuant consonant}]
7: a punctuation mark (.) placed at the end of a declarative
sentence to indicate a full stop or after abbreviations; "in
England they call a period a stop" [synonym: {period}, {point},
{full stop}, {stop}, {full point}]
8: (music) a knob on an organ that is pulled to change the sound
quality from the organ pipes; "the organist pulled out all
the stops"
9: a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of
aperture of the lens; "the new cameras adjust the diaphragm
automatically" [synonym: {diaphragm}, {stop}]
10: a restraint that checks the motion of something; "he used a
book as a stop to hold the door open" [synonym: {catch}, {stop}]
11: an obstruction in a pipe or tube; "we had to call a plumber
to clear out the blockage in the drainpipe" [synonym:
{blockage}, {block}, {closure}, {occlusion}, {stop},
v 1: come to a halt, stop moving; "the car stopped"; "She
stopped in front of a store window" [synonym: {stop}, {halt}]
[ant: {get going}, {go}, {start}]
2: put an end to a state or an activity; "Quit teasing your
little brother" [synonym: {discontinue}, {stop}, {cease}, {give
up}, {quit}, {lay off}] [ant: {bear on}, {carry on},
{continue}, {preserve}, {uphold}]
3: stop from happening or developing; "Block his election";
"Halt the process" [synonym: {stop}, {halt}, {block}, {kibosh}]
4: interrupt a trip; "we stopped at Aunt Mary's house"; "they
stopped for three days in Florence" [synonym: {stop}, {stop
5: cause to stop; "stop a car"; "stop the thief" [ant: {start},
{start up}]
6: prevent completion; "stop the project"; "break off the
negotiations" [synonym: {break}, {break off}, {discontinue},
7: hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or
influence of; "Arrest the downward trend"; "Check the growth
of communism in South East Asia"; "Contain the rebel
movement"; "Turn back the tide of communism" [synonym: {check},
{turn back}, {arrest}, {stop}, {contain}, {hold back}]
8: seize on its way; "The fighter plane was ordered to intercept
an aircraft that had entered the country's airspace" [synonym:
{intercept}, {stop}]
9: have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense;
either spatial or metaphorical; "the bronchioles terminate in
a capillary bed"; "Your rights stop where you infringe upon
the rights of other"; "My property ends by the bushes"; "The
symphony ends in a pianissimo" [synonym: {end}, {stop}, {finish},
{terminate}, {cease}] [ant: {begin}, {start}]
10: render unsuitable for passage; "block the way"; "barricade
the streets"; "stop the busy road" [synonym: {barricade},
{block}, {blockade}, {stop}, {block off}, {block up}, {bar}]
11: stop and wait, as if awaiting further instructions or
developments; "Hold on a moment!" [synonym: {hold on}, {stop}]

Stop \Stop\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stopped}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Stopping}.] [OE. stoppen, AS. stoppian (in comp.); akin to
LG. & D. stoppen, G. stopfen, Icel. stoppa, Sw. stoppa, Dan.
stoppe; all probably fr. LL. stopare, stupare, fr. L. stuppa
the coarse part of flax, tow, oakum. Cf. {Estop}, {Stuff},
{Stupe} a fomentation.]
1. To close, as an aperture, by filling or by obstructing;
as, to stop the ears; hence, to stanch, as a wound.
[1913 Webster]

2. To obstruct; to render impassable; as, to stop a way,
road, or passage.
[1913 Webster]

3. To arrest the progress of; to hinder; to impede; to shut
in; as, to stop a traveler; to stop the course of a
stream, or a flow of blood.
[1913 Webster]

4. To hinder from acting or moving; to prevent the effect or
efficiency of; to cause to cease; to repress; to restrain;
to suppress; to interrupt; to suspend; as, to stop the
execution of a decree, the progress of vice, the
approaches of old age or infirmity.
[1913 Webster]

Whose disposition all the world well knows
Will not be rubbed nor stopped. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Mus.) To regulate the sounds of, as musical strings, by
pressing them against the finger board with the finger, or
by shortening in any way the vibrating part.
[1913 Webster]

6. To point, as a composition; to punctuate. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

If his sentences were properly stopped. --Landor.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Naut.) To make fast; to stopper.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: To obstruct; hinder; impede; repress; suppress;
restrain; discontinue; delay; interrupt.
[1913 Webster]

{To stop off} (Founding), to fill (a part of a mold) with
sand, where a part of the cavity left by the pattern is
not wanted for the casting.

{To stop the mouth}. See under {Mouth}.
[1913 Webster]

Stop \Stop\, n.
1. The act of stopping, or the state of being stopped;
hindrance of progress or of action; cessation; repression;
interruption; check; obstruction.
[1913 Webster]

It is doubtful . . . whether it contributed anything
to the stop of the infection. --De Foe.
[1913 Webster]

Occult qualities put a stop to the improvement of
natural philosophy. --Sir I.
[1913 Webster]

It is a great step toward the mastery of our desires
to give this stop to them. --Locke.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; as obstacle; an
impediment; an obstruction.
[1913 Webster]

A fatal stop traversed their headlong course.
[1913 Webster]

So melancholy a prospect should inspire us with zeal
to oppose some stop to the rising torrent. --Rogers.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Mach.) A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc.,
for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the
position to which another part shall be brought.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Mus.)
(a) The closing of an aperture in the air passage, or
pressure of the finger upon the string, of an
instrument of music, so as to modify the tone; hence,
any contrivance by which the sounds of a musical
instrument are regulated.
[1913 Webster]

The organ sound a time survives the stop.
[1913 Webster]
(b) In the organ, one of the knobs or handles at each side
of the organist, by which he can draw on or shut off
any register or row of pipes; the register itself; as,
the vox humana stop.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Arch.) A member, plain or molded, formed of a separate
piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window
shuts. This takes the place, or answers the purpose, of a
rebate. Also, a pin or block to prevent a drawer from
sliding too far.
[1913 Webster]

6. A point or mark in writing or printing intended to
distinguish the sentences, parts of a sentence, or
clauses; a mark of punctuation. See {Punctuation}.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Opt.) The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut
off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing
through lenses.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Zool.) The depression in the face of a dog between the
skull and the nasal bones. It is conspicuous in the
bulldog, pug, and some other breeds.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Phonetics) Some part of the articulating organs, as the
lips, or the tongue and palate, closed
(a) so as to cut off the passage of breath or voice
through the mouth and the nose (distinguished as a
lip-stop, or a front-stop, etc., as in p, t, d, etc.),
(b) so as to obstruct, but not entirely cut off, the
passage, as in l, n, etc.; also, any of the consonants
so formed. --H. Sweet.
[1913 Webster]

{Stop bead} (Arch.), the molding screwed to the inner side of
a window frame, on the face of the pulley stile,
completing the groove in which the inner sash is to slide.

{Stop motion} (Mach.), an automatic device for arresting the
motion of a machine, as when a certain operation is
completed, or when an imperfection occurs in its
performance or product, or in the material which is
supplied to it, etc.

{Stop plank}, one of a set of planks employed to form a sort
of dam in some hydraulic works.

{Stop valve}, a valve that can be closed or opened at will,
as by hand, for preventing or regulating flow, as of a
liquid in a pipe; -- in distinction from a valve which is
operated by the action of the fluid it restrains.

{Stop watch}, a watch the hands of which can be stopped in
order to tell exactly the time that has passed, as in
timing a race. See {Independent seconds watch}, under
{Independent}, a.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Cessation; check; obstruction; obstacle; hindrance;
impediment; interruption.
[1913 Webster]

Stop \Stop\, v. i.
1. To cease to go on; to halt, or stand still; to come to a
[1913 Webster]

He bites his lip, and starts;
Stops on a sudden, looks upon the ground;
Then lays his finger on his temple: strait
Springs out into fast gait; then stops again.
[1913 Webster]

2. To cease from any motion, or course of action.
[1913 Webster]

Stop, while ye may, suspend your mad career!
[1913 Webster]

3. To spend a short time; to reside temporarily; to stay; to
tarry; as, to stop with a friend. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

By stopping at home till the money was gone. --R. D.
[1913 Webster]

{To stop over}, to stop at a station or airport beyond the
time of the departure of the train or airplane on which
one came, with the purpose of continuing one's journey on
a subsequent train or airplane; to break one's journey.
See {stopover}, n.
[1913 Webster]

538 Moby Thesaurus words for "stop":
English horn, abandon, abjure, abort, afterthought, allophone,
alveolar, anchorage, apico-alveolar, apico-dental, arrest,
arrestation, articulation, aspiration, assimilation, awe, baffle,
ban, bar, barricade, barrier, bassoon, bearing rein, beat off,
belay, bell, bilabial, bind, bit, blank wall, blind alley,
blind gut, block, block flute, block up, blockade, blockage,
blocking, bombard, bottleneck, boundary, bourdon, bourn, box,
brake, break, break of, break off, break the habit, bring to,
bring up, bring up short, bung, bureaucratic delay, cacuminal,
caesura, call on, call upon, calm, calm down, cancel, caulk, cease,
cease fire, cecum, cello, cerebral, cessation, chain, check,
check valve, checkmate, checkrein, chink, chock, choke, choke off,
choke up, choking, choking off, claribel, clarinet, clarion, clog,
clog up, close, close off, close up, closing, closing up, cock,
colon, come off, come up short, comma, concert flute, conclude,
conclusion, confine, congest, congestion, consonant, constipate,
constipation, continuant, cork, corner, cornet, cornopean,
costiveness, counter, countercheck, cover, cromorna, cul-de-sac,
curb, curb bit, cure, cushion, cut it out, cut off, cut out,
cut short, cutoff, cymbel, dam, dam up, damp, dampen, damper,
daunt, dead end, dead set, dead stand, dead stop, dead-end street,
deaden, deadlock, deafen, debarment, delay, delayage,
delayed reaction, dental, depot, desist, desist from, desistance,
destination, detain, detention, deter, determent, determine,
deterrence, diacritical mark, diapason, die down, diphthong,
disaccustom, discontinuance, discontinue, discourage,
discouragement, dishearten, dissimilation, disuse, doorstop,
double take, drag, drag sail, dragging, draw rein, draw up,
drift anchor, drift sail, drive back, drogue, drop, drop in,
drop it, dulciana, dull, dwindle, dying down, ebb, ebbing,
embolism, embolus, end, end stop, endgame, ending,
epenthetic vowel, estoppel, explosive, extremity, faucet, faze,
fence, fend, fend off, fetch up, fetter, fill, fill up,
final whistle, finish, finish up, flute stop, forbiddance,
foreclosure, forestalling, forswear, foul, foundation stop,
fourniture, freeze, full stop, gamba, gedeckt, gemshorn, give over,
give up, glide, glottal, glottalization, goal, gorge,
grinding halt, gun, guttural, halt, hang fire, hang-up, harbor,
harmonic flute, have done with, haven, hinder, hindrance, hold,
hold at bay, hold back, hold off, hold up, holdback, holdup, hole,
hybrid stop, impasse, impede, impediment, infarct, infarction,
interim, interrupt, jam, jam up, juncture, keep at bay, keep back,
keep off, kick, knock it off, koppel flute, labial, labialization,
labiodental, labiovelar, lag, lagging, larigot, laryngeal,
last stop, lateral, lay off, lay over, layover, leave off, let go,
lid, lingual, liquid, lock, lockout, lodge, logjam, look in, lull,
make late, manner of articulation, martingale, melodia, mixture,
modification, molder, monophthong, moratorium, morphophoneme,
muffle, mutation stop, mute, nasal, nazard, nol-pros,
not pursue with, oboe, obstacle, obstipate, obstipation, obstruct,
obstruction, obviation, occlusive, octave, organ stop, overawe,
pacify, pack, pack in, palatal, paperasserie, parasitic vowel,
parry, pause, pay a visit, peak, peg, pelham, period, perorate,
peter out, pharyngeal, pharyngealization, phone, phoneme, piccolo,
pin, plein jeu, plosive, plug, plug up, point, port, posaune,
preclusion, prevent, prevention, principal, prohibition,
prothetic vowel, pull up, punctuation, punctuation marks,
push back, put back, put behind one, put paid to, put up, quiesce,
quiet, quieten, quint, quintaten, quit, rank, ranket, rebuff,
red tape, red-tapeism, red-tapery, reed stop, reference,
reference mark, refrain, refrain from, register, relinquish,
remora, renounce, repel, reprieve, repulse, resign, resolve,
respite, rest, restrain, retard, retardance, retardation,
retroflex, roadblock, rohr flute, run in, scotch, scrap, scratch,
scrub, sea anchor, sea cock, sealing off, see, segmental phoneme,
semicolon, semivowel, sesquialtera, shackle, shake, shawm,
sit-down strike, slacken, slow, slow down, slow-up, slowdown,
slowness, snaffle, soft-pedal, soften, sojourn, sojournment,
sonant, sonority, soothe, speech sound, spigot, spike, spile,
spill, spitz flute, spoke, stage, stalemate, stall, stanch, stand,
standoff, standstill, station, staunch, stave off, stay,
stay of execution, stay over, stayover, stem, stem the tide,
stench, stick, stillstand, stop by, stop cold, stop dead, stop off,
stop over, stop short, stop up, stop-off, stopgap, stopover,
stoppage, stopped diapason, stopped flute, stopper, stopping,
stopping place, stopple, strangulation, strike, string diapason,
string stop, stuff, stuff up, stymie, subdue, subside, subsidence,
suppress, surd, suspension, swear off, syllabic nucleus,
syllabic peak, syllable, take a break, take the pledge, tap, tarry,
terminal, terminal point, terminate, termination, terminus,
throw off, thwart, tie-up, tierce, time lag, tittle, tone down,
trammel, tranquilize, transition sound, tremolo, triphthong,
trombone, trumpet, turn aside, twelfth, unda maris, valve, velar,
vibrato, viola, visit, vocable, vocalic, vocoid, voice,
voiced sound, voiceless sound, voicing, voix celeste, vowel,
vox angelica, vox humana, wait, waive, walkout, wall, wane, waning,
ward off, wean, wind up, work stoppage



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