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stone    音標拼音: [st'on]
n. 石頭,寶石,果核,紀念碑,結石
vt. 投扔石子,鋪石頭
a. 石的,石制的


adj 1: of any of various dull tannish or grey colors
n 1: a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; "he
threw a rock at me" [synonym: {rock}, {stone}]
2: building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a
definite shape for a special purpose; "he wanted a special
stone to mark the site"
3: material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those
making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock";
"stone is abundant in New England and there are many
quarries" [synonym: {rock}, {stone}]
4: a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry;
"he had the gem set in a ring for his wife"; "she had jewels
made of all the rarest stones" [synonym: {gem}, {gemstone},
5: an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human
body; equal to 14 pounds; "a heavy chap who must have weighed
more than twenty stone"
6: the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some
fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that
contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes
before cooking" [synonym: {stone}, {pit}, {endocarp}]
7: United States jurist who was named chief justice of the
United States Supreme Court in 1941 by Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1872-1946) [synonym: {Stone}, {Harlan Stone}, {Harlan F. Stone},
{Harlan Fisk Stone}]
8: United States filmmaker (born in 1946) [synonym: {Stone}, {Oliver
9: United States feminist and suffragist (1818-1893) [synonym:
{Stone}, {Lucy Stone}]
10: United States journalist who advocated liberal causes
(1907-1989) [synonym: {Stone}, {I. F. Stone}, {Isidor Feinstein
11: United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme
Court as chief justice (1872-1946) [synonym: {Stone}, {Harlan
Fiske Stone}]
12: United States architect (1902-1978) [synonym: {Stone}, {Edward
Durell Stone}]
13: a lack of feeling or expression or movement; "he must have a
heart of stone"; "her face was as hard as stone"
v 1: kill by throwing stones at; "People wanted to stone the
woman who had a child out of wedlock" [synonym: {stone},
2: remove the pits from; "pit plums and cherries" [synonym: {pit},

Stone \Stone\, n. [OE. ston, stan, AS. st[=a]n; akin to OS. &
OFries. st[=e]n, D. steen, G. stein, Icel. steinn, Sw. sten,
Dan. steen, Goth. stains, Russ. stiena a wall, Gr. ?, ?, a
pebble. [root]167. Cf. {Steen}.]
1. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; also, any particular
mass of such matter; as, a house built of stone; the boy
threw a stone; pebbles are rounded stones. "Dumb as a
stone." --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

They had brick for stone, and slime . . . for
mortar. --Gen. xi. 3.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In popular language, very large masses of stone are
called rocks; small masses are called stones; and the
finer kinds, gravel, or sand, or grains of sand. Stone
is much and widely used in the construction of
buildings of all kinds, for walls, fences, piers,
abutments, arches, monuments, sculpture, and the like.
[1913 Webster]

2. A precious stone; a gem. "Many a rich stone." --Chaucer.
"Inestimable stones, unvalued jewels." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. Something made of stone. Specifically:
[1913 Webster]
(a) The glass of a mirror; a mirror. [Obs.]
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Lend me a looking-glass;
If that her breath will mist or stain the stone,
Why, then she lives. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]
(b) A monument to the dead; a gravestone. --Gray.
[1913 Webster]

Should some relenting eye
Glance on the where our cold relics lie. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Med.) A calculous concretion, especially one in the
kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus.
[1913 Webster]

5. One of the testes; a testicle. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Bot.) The hard endocarp of drupes; as, the stone of a
cherry or peach. See Illust. of {Endocarp}.
[1913 Webster]

7. A weight which legally is fourteen pounds, but in practice
varies with the article weighed. [Eng.]
[1913 Webster]

Note: The stone of butchers' meat or fish is reckoned at 8
lbs.; of cheese, 16 lbs.; of hemp, 32 lbs.; of glass, 5
[1913 Webster]

8. Fig.: Symbol of hardness and insensibility; torpidness;
insensibility; as, a heart of stone.
[1913 Webster]

I have not yet forgot myself to stone. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Print.) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of
stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a
book, newspaper, etc., before printing; -- called also
{imposing stone}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Stone is used adjectively or in composition with other
words to denote made of stone, containing a stone or
stones, employed on stone, or, more generally, of or
pertaining to stone or stones; as, stone fruit, or
stone-fruit; stone-hammer, or stone hammer; stone
falcon, or stone-falcon. Compounded with some
adjectives it denotes a degree of the quality expressed
by the adjective equal to that possessed by a stone;
as, stone-dead, stone-blind, stone-cold, stone-still,
[1913 Webster]

{Atlantic stone}, ivory. [Obs.] "Citron tables, or Atlantic
stone." --Milton.

{Bowing stone}. Same as {Cromlech}. --Encyc. Brit.

{Meteoric stones}, stones which fall from the atmosphere, as
after the explosion of a meteor.

{Philosopher's stone}. See under {Philosopher}.

{Rocking stone}. See {Rocking-stone}.

{Stone age}, a supposed prehistoric age of the world when
stone and bone were habitually used as the materials for
weapons and tools; -- called also {flint age}. The {bronze
age} succeeded to this.

{Stone bass} (Zool.), any one of several species of marine
food fishes of the genus {Serranus} and allied genera, as
{Serranus Couchii}, and {Polyprion cernium} of Europe; --
called also {sea perch}.

{Stone biter} (Zool.), the wolf fish.

{Stone boiling}, a method of boiling water or milk by
dropping hot stones into it, -- in use among savages.

{Stone borer} (Zool.), any animal that bores stones;
especially, one of certain bivalve mollusks which burrow
in limestone. See {Lithodomus}, and {Saxicava}.

{Stone bramble} (Bot.), a European trailing species of
bramble ({Rubus saxatilis}).

{Stone-break}. [Cf. G. steinbrech.] (Bot.) Any plant of the
genus {Saxifraga}; saxifrage.

{Stone bruise}, a sore spot on the bottom of the foot, from a
bruise by a stone.

{Stone canal}. (Zool.) Same as {Sand canal}, under {Sand}.

{Stone cat} (Zool.), any one of several species of small
fresh-water North American catfishes of the genus
{Noturus}. They have sharp pectoral spines with which they
inflict painful wounds.

{Stone coal}, hard coal; mineral coal; anthracite coal.

{Stone coral} (Zool.), any hard calcareous coral.

{Stone crab}. (Zool.)
(a) A large crab ({Menippe mercenaria}) found on the
southern coast of the United States and much used as
(b) A European spider crab ({Lithodes maia}).

{Stone crawfish} (Zool.), a European crawfish ({Astacus
torrentium}), by many writers considered only a variety of
the common species ({Astacus fluviatilis}).

{Stone curlew}. (Zool.)
(a) A large plover found in Europe ({Edicnemus
crepitans}). It frequents stony places. Called also
{thick-kneed plover} or {bustard}, and {thick-knee}.
(b) The whimbrel. [Prov. Eng.]
(c) The willet. [Local, U.S.]

{Stone crush}. Same as {Stone bruise}, above.

{Stone eater}. (Zool.) Same as {Stone borer}, above.

{Stone falcon} (Zool.), the merlin.

{Stone fern} (Bot.), a European fern ({Asplenium Ceterach})
which grows on rocks and walls.

{Stone fly} (Zool.), any one of many species of
pseudoneuropterous insects of the genus {Perla} and allied
genera; a perlid. They are often used by anglers for bait.
The larvae are aquatic.

{Stone fruit} (Bot.), any fruit with a stony endocarp; a
drupe, as a peach, plum, or cherry.

{Stone grig} (Zool.), the mud lamprey, or pride.

{Stone hammer}, a hammer formed with a face at one end, and a
thick, blunt edge, parallel with the handle, at the other,
-- used for breaking stone.

{Stone hawk} (Zool.), the merlin; -- so called from its habit
of sitting on bare stones.

{Stone jar}, a jar made of stoneware.

{Stone lily} (Paleon.), a fossil crinoid.

{Stone lugger}. (Zool.) See {Stone roller}, below.

{Stone marten} (Zool.), a European marten ({Mustela foina})
allied to the pine marten, but having a white throat; --
called also {beech marten}.

{Stone mason}, a mason who works or builds in stone.

{Stone-mortar} (Mil.), a kind of large mortar formerly used
in sieges for throwing a mass of small stones short

{Stone oil}, rock oil, petroleum.

{Stone parsley} (Bot.), an umbelliferous plant ({Seseli
Labanotis}). See under {Parsley}.

{Stone pine}. (Bot.) A nut pine. See the Note under {Pine},
and {Pi[~n]on}.

{Stone pit}, a quarry where stones are dug.

{Stone pitch}, hard, inspissated pitch.

{Stone plover}. (Zool.)
(a) The European stone curlew.
(b) Any one of several species of Asiatic plovers of the
genus {Esacus}; as, the large stone plover ({Esacus
(c) The gray or black-bellied plover. [Prov. Eng.]
(d) The ringed plover.
(e) The bar-tailed godwit. [Prov. Eng.] Also applied to
other species of limicoline birds.

{Stone roller}. (Zool.)
(a) An American fresh-water fish ({Catostomus nigricans})
of the Sucker family. Its color is yellowish olive,
often with dark blotches. Called also {stone lugger},
{stone toter}, {hog sucker}, {hog mullet}.
(b) A common American cyprinoid fish ({Campostoma
anomalum}); -- called also {stone lugger}.

{Stone's cast}, or {Stone's throw}, the distance to which a
stone may be thrown by the hand; as, they live a stone's
throw from each other.

{Stone snipe} (Zool.), the greater yellowlegs, or tattler.
[Local, U.S.]

{Stone toter}. (Zool.)
(a) See {Stone roller}
(a), above.
(b) A cyprinoid fish ({Exoglossum maxillingua}) found in
the rivers from Virginia to {New York}. It has a
three-lobed lower lip; -- called also {cutlips}.

{To leave no stone unturned}, to do everything that can be
done; to use all practicable means to effect an object.
[1913 Webster]

Stone \Stone\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stoned}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Stoning}.] [From {Stone}, n.: cf. AS. st?nan, Goth.
1. To pelt, beat, or kill with stones.
[1913 Webster]

And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and
saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. --Acts vii.
[1913 Webster]

2. To make like stone; to harden.
[1913 Webster]

O perjured woman! thou dost stone my heart. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. To free from stones; also, to remove the seeds of; as, to
stone a field; to stone cherries; to stone raisins.
[1913 Webster]

4. To wall or face with stones; to line or fortify with
stones; as, to stone a well; to stone a cellar.
[1913 Webster]

5. To rub, scour, or sharpen with a stone.
[1913 Webster]
[1913 Webster]

433 Moby Thesaurus words for "stone":
Irish confetti, Lydian stone, Tarmac, Tarvia, aa, abyssal rock,
acorn, adamant, adamantine, adobe, agate, alexandrite, amethyst,
anklet, anthraconite, aplite, aquamarine, arch, armlet, ashlar,
asphalt, aventurine, bakestone, bangle, barrow, basalt, basanite,
beads, bedrock, beetlestone, behead, berry, beryl, bijou,
bird seed, bitumen, bituminous macadam, black sheep, blacktop,
blemish, block lava, bloodstone, blow to pieces, blow up, board,
bola, bolt, bondstone, bone, boomerang, booze up, boozify,
boundary stone, bowstring, bracelet, brain, brash, brass,
breastpin, breccia, brick, brickbat, bricks and mortar, brilliant,
brimstone, bring down, brooch, brownstone, buhr, buhrstone, burn,
burn to death, bust, cairn, cairngorm, capstone, carbuncle,
carnelian, cement, cenotaph, chain, chalcedony, chalk, chaplet,
charm, chatelaine, chrysoberyl, chrysolite, circle, citrine,
clapboard, clinker, cobble, cobblestone, column, concrete,
conglomerate, copestone, copperplate, coral, cornerstone, coronet,
countermissile, covering materials, crag, crock, cromlech, cross,
crown, crucify, crystal, cup, curb, curbing, curbstone, cut down,
cut to pieces, cyclolith, deal a deathblow, decapitate, decollate,
defenestrate, demantoid, dendrite, diabase, diadem, diamond,
disintegrate, dolmen, dolomite, doorstone, dripstone, drop,
druid stone, duplicate plate, eaglestone, earring, edgestone, egg,
electrocute, electrotype, emerald, emery rock, execute, face, fell,
ferroconcrete, festooned pahoehoe, firebrick, flag, flagging,
flagstone, flaxseed, flint, flintlike, flinty, floatstone,
flooring, fob, footstone, foreign body, foreign intruder, frag,
fruit, fuddle, garnet, garrote, gem, gem stone, girasol,
give the quietus, glass, glaze, gneiss, goldstone, grain, granite,
granitelike, granitic, grave, gravel, gravestone, grindstone, grit,
gritrock, gritstone, guillotine, gun down, hairstone,
harlequin opal, hayseed, headstone, heart of oak, heliotrope,
hoarstone, hyacinth, igneous rock, impurity, incinerate,
inflict capital punishment, inscription, intruder, iron, ironstone,
jade, jadestone, jargoon, jasper, jewel, jugulate, kerb, kerbstone,
kernel, keystone, lapidate, lapis lazuli, lath, lath and plaster,
lava, lay low, limestone, linseed, lithic, living rock,
locked-up page, locket, lodestone, macadam, magma, mantlerock,
marble, marblelike, marker, masonry, mausoleum, megalith, memento,
memorial, memorial arch, memorial column, memorial statue,
memorial stone, menhir, metamorphic rock, milestone, milkstone,
millstone, misfit, missile, monkey wrench, monolith, monument,
moonstone, morganite, mortar, mote, mound, nails, necklace,
necrology, nose ring, nut, oak, obelisk, obituary, obsidian,
oddball, oilstone, onyx, opal, overtake, pahoehoe, paper, pavement,
pavestone, paving, paving material, paving stone, pellet, pelt,
peridot, petrified, petrogenic, phonolite, pickle, pillar,
pillow lava, pin, pip, pistol, pit, pitchstone, plank, plaque,
plasma, plaster, plasters, plastic plate, plate, poleax, pollute,
porphyry, precious stone, prestressed concrete, printing plate,
printing surface, prize, projectile, pudding stone, pumice,
put to death, pyramid, quartz, quartzite, regolith, reliquary,
remembrance, rhinestone, ribbon, riddle, ring, road metal, rock,
rocket, roofage, roofing, ropy lava, rose quartz, rostral column,
rottenstone, rubber plate, rubble, rubblestone, rubstone, ruby,
sandstone, sapphire, sard, sardonyx, sarsen, schist, scoria, scree,
sedimentary rock, seed, semiprecious stone, serpentine, shaft,
shake, shale, sheathe, shelly pahoehoe, shingle, shoot, shoot down,
shoot to death, shotgun, shrine, siding, silence, slabstone, slate,
slaty, sliver, snakestone, soapstone, souse, speck, spinel,
spinel ruby, splinter, stab to death, stalactite, stalagmite,
starstone, steatite, steel, steel plate, stela, stepping-stone,
stepstone, stereotype, stew, stickpin, stinkstone, stone to death,
strangle, strike dead, stupa, swack, tablet, talus, tarmacadam,
testimonial, thatch, throw stick, throwing-stick, tiara, tile,
tilestone, tiling, tipsify, tomb, tombstone, topaz, tope, torpedo,
torque, touchstone, trap, traprock, trophy, tufa, tuff, turquoise,
typeform, vaporize, veneer, waddy, wall in, wall up, walling,
wallpaper, wampum, washboard, weatherboard, weed, whetstone,
whitestone, wristband, wristlet, zincograph, zincotype

A Structured and Open Environment: a project supported by the
German Ministry of Research and Technology (BMFT) to design,
implement and distribute a SEE for research and teaching.

STructured and OpeN Environment (FZI Karlsruhe, Germany)

Stones were commonly used for buildings, also as memorials of
important events (Gen. 28:18; Josh. 24:26, 27; 1 Sam. 7:12,
etc.). They were gathered out of cultivated fields (Isa. 5:2;
comp. 2 Kings 3:19). This word is also used figuratively of
believers (1 Pet. 2:4, 5), and of the Messiah (Ps. 118:22; Isa.
28:16; Matt. 21:42; Acts 4:11, etc.). In Dan. 2:45 it refers
also to the Messiah. He is there described as "cut out of the
mountain." (See {ROCK}.)

A "heart of stone" denotes great insensibility (1 Sam. 25:37).

Stones were set up to commemorate remarkable events, as by
Jacob at Bethel (Gen. 28:18), at Padan-aram (35:4), and on the
occasion of parting with Laban (31:45-47); by Joshua at the
place on the banks of the Jordan where the people first "lodged"
after crossing the river (Josh. 6:8), and also in "the midst of
Jordan," where he erected another set of twelve stones (4:1-9);
and by Samuel at "Ebenezer" (1 Sam. 7:12).



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