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standard    音標拼音: [st'ændɚd]
n. 標準,水準,水平,規格,規范,規定;旗幟
a. 標準的,一般的

標準,水準,水平,規格,規範,規定;旗幟標準的,一般的

standard
現金流程報表--兩者; 標準成本


standard
現金流程報表--已開立訂單; 標準成本


standard
王金流程報表--計劃性; 標準成本


standard
標準試音功率


standard
標準

standard
標準

standard
adj 1: conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement
or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted
kind; "windows of standard width"; "standard sizes"; "the
standard fixtures"; "standard brands"; "standard
operating procedure" [ant: {nonstandard}]
2: commonly used or supplied; "standard procedure"; "standard
car equipment"
3: established or well-known or widely recognized as a model of
authority or excellence; "a standard reference work"; "the
classical argument between free trade and protectionism"
[ant: {nonstandard}]
4: conforming to the established language usage of educated
native speakers; "standard English" (American); "received
standard English is sometimes called the King's English"
(British) [synonym: {standard}, {received}] [ant: {nonstandard}]
5: regularly and widely used or sold; "a standard size"; "a
stock item" [synonym: {standard}, {stock}]
n 1: a basis for comparison; a reference point against which
other things can be evaluated; "the schools comply with
federal standards"; "they set the measure for all
subsequent work" [synonym: {standard}, {criterion}, {measure},
{touchstone}]
2: the ideal in terms of which something can be judged; "they
live by the standards of their community" [synonym: {criterion},
{standard}]
3: a board measure = 1980 board feet
4: the value behind the money in a monetary system [synonym:
{standard}, {monetary standard}]
5: an upright pole or beam (especially one used as a support);
"distance was marked by standards every mile"; "lamps
supported on standards provided illumination"
6: any distinctive flag [synonym: {standard}, {banner}]

Sheth \Sheth\, n.
The part of a plow which projects downward beneath the beam,
for holding the share and other working parts; -- also called
{standard}, or {post}.
[1913 Webster]


Standard \Stand"ard\, a.
1. Being, affording, or according with, a standard for
comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard
weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical
terms; standard gold or silver.
[1913 Webster]

2. Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value; as,
standard works in history; standard authors.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Hort.)
(a) Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall; as, standard
fruit trees.
(b) Not of the dwarf kind; as, a standard pear tree.
[1913 Webster]

{Standard candle}, {Standard gauge}. See under {Candle}, and
{Gauge}.

{Standard solution}. (Chem.) See {Standardized solution},
under {Solution}.
[1913 Webster]


Standard \Stand"ard\ (-[~e]rd), n. [OF. estendart, F.
['e]tendard, probably fr. L. extendere to spread out, extend,
but influenced by E. stand. See {Extend}.]
1. A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other
ensign.
[1913 Webster]

His armies, in the following day,
On those fair plains their standards proud display.
--Fairfax.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which is established by authority as a rule for the
measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the
original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by
government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.
[1913 Webster]

3. That which is established as a rule or model by authority,
custom, or general consent; criterion; test.
[1913 Webster]

The court, which used to be the standard of
propriety and correctness of speech. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

A disposition to preserve, and an ability to
improve, taken together, would be my standard of a
statesman. --Burke.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Coinage) The proportion of weights of fine metal and
alloy established by authority.
[1913 Webster]

By the present standard of the coinage, sixty-two
shillings is coined out of one pound weight of
silver. --Arbuthnot.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Hort.) A tree of natural size supported by its own stem,
and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller
species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.
[1913 Webster]

In France part of their gardens is laid out for
flowers, others for fruits; some standards, some
against walls. --Sir W.
Temple.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Bot.) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous
corolla.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Mech. & Carp.) An upright support, as one of the poles of
a scaffold; any upright in framing.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the
deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch
turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
[1913 Webster]

9. The sheth of a plow.
[1913 Webster]

10. A large drinking cup. --Greene.
[1913 Webster]

{Standard bearer}, an officer of an army, company, or troop,
who bears a standard; -- commonly called color sergeantor
color bearer; hence, the leader of any organization; as,
the standard bearer of a political party.
[1913 Webster]

413 Moby Thesaurus words for "standard":
Christian, Dannebrog, Jolly Roger, Old Glory, Procrustean law,
Samson post, Star-Spangled Banner, Stars and Stripes,
Ten Commandments, Union Flag, Union Jack, Zeitgeist, accepted,
accustomed, acid test, alike, amount, and blue, antetype, antitype,
approved, archetype, assay, assize, authentic, authoritative,
average, axiology, axiom, baluster, balustrade, banal, banderole,
banister, banner, banneret, barometer, base, beau ideal,
behavioral norm, belief, benchmark, besetting, binding, biotype,
black flag, blank determination, blue ensign, brouillon, bunting,
burgee, business ethics, caliber, canon, canonical, caryatid,
cathedral, central, changeable, check, classic, classic example,
coachwhip, code, code of ethics, code of morals, colonnade, color,
colors, column, commandment, common, commonplace, commutable,
commutative, compass, conformable, consuetudinary, convention,
conventional, convertible, correct, criterion, crucial test,
crucible, current, customary, cut, dado, decalogue, defined,
definitive, degree, determination, dick, dictated, dictum,
didactic, die, docimasy, dominant, doorjamb, doorpost, emblem,
ensign, epidemic, epitome, equal, equalizing, equivalent, essay,
established, ethic, ethical system, ethics, ethos, evangelical,
even, everyday, ex cathedra, example, exchanged, exemplar,
exemplary, extent, faithful, familiar, feeling out, firm,
first draft, flag, footing, footstalk, form, formality, formula,
formulary, fugleman, fugler, fundamental, gatepost, gauge,
general principle, generally accepted, genotype, give-and-take,
golden rule, gonfalon, gonfanon, good example, grade,
graduated scale, guide, guideline, guiding principle, guidon,
habitual, hard and fast, height, hitching post, house flag,
household, ideal, imitatee, imperative, indiscernible, indistinct,
indistinctive, indistinguishable, instructive, interchangeable,
interchanged, intermediary, intermediate, interval, jack, jamb,
king post, kiteflying, law, law of nature, lead, leap,
legal ethics, level, literal, long pennant, magisterial,
man of men, mandatory, mark, maxim, mean, measure, medial, median,
medical ethics, mediocre, medium, merchant flag,
middle-of-the-road, milepost, mirror, mitzvah, model, moderate,
moral, moral climate, moral code, moral principles, morals,
mullion, mutual, national flag, new morality, newel-post,
nonpareil, norm, norma, normal, normative, normative system, notch,
nuance, obtaining, of the faith, official, ordeal, order of nature,
ordinance, ordinary, oriflamme, original, orthodox, orthodoxical,
pandemic, par, paradigm, paradigmatic, paragon, parameter, pas,
pattern, pedestal, pedicel, peduncle, peg, pennant, pennon,
pennoncel, period, permutable, pier, pilaster, pile, piling,
pillar, pitch, plane, plateau, plinth, point, pole, popular, post,
precedent, precedential, precept, preceptive, predominant,
predominating, prescribed, prescribed form, prescript,
prescription, prescriptive, prevailing, prevalent, principium,
principle, principles, probation, professional ethics, proof,
proper, proportion, prototype, quantity, queen-post, rampant,
range, rating, ratio, reach, reading, readout, received,
reciprocal, reciprocating, reciprocative, recognized, red,
red ensign, regnant, regular, regulation, regulative, regulatory,
reigning, remove, representative, required, requirement,
retaliatory, returnable, rife, right, rough draft, rough sketch,
round, routine, royal standard, rubric, rule, rule of thumb,
ruling, rung, running, sample, scale, scope, scriptural, set,
set form, settled principle, shade, shadow, shaft, shining example,
signal flag, signpost, snubbing post, social ethics, socle, sound,
sounding out, space, staff, stair, stalk, stanchion, stand,
standards, standing order, staple, statutory, stem, step,
stereotyped, stile, stint, stock, streamer, subbase, support,
surbase, swallowtail, swapped, switched, tenet, test, test case,
textbook, textual, time-honored, touchstone, traded, traditional,
traditionalistic, transposed, tread, trial, tricolor, true,
true-blue, trunk, try, type, type species, type specimen, typical,
undifferentiated, undiscriminated, undistinguishable,
undistinguished, uniform, universal, universal law, upright,
urtext, usual, value, value system, verification, vernacular,
vexillum, white, widespread, without distinction, wonted,
working principle, working rule, yardstick

Standards are necessary for {interworking},
{portability}, and {reusability}. They may be {de facto
standards} for various communities, or officially recognised
national or international standards.

{Andrew Tanenbaum}, in his Computer Networks book, once said,
"The nice thing about standards is that there are so many of
them to choose from", a reference to the fact that competing
standards become a source of confusion, division,
obsolescence, and duplication of effort instead of an
enhancement to the usefulness of products.

Some bodies concerned in one way or another with computing
standards are {IAB} ({RFC} and {STD}), {ISO}, {ANSI}, {DoD},
{ECMA}, {IEEE}, {IETF}, {OSF}, {W3C}.

(1999-07-06)

STANDARD, measure. A weight or measure of certain dimensions, to which all
other weights and measures must correspond; as, a standard bushel. Also the
quality of certain metals, to which all others of the same kind ought to be
made to conform; as, standard gold, standard silver. Vide Dollar; Eagle;
Money.


STANDARD, in war. An ensign or flag used in war.

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