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spruce    音標拼音: [spr'us]
n. 云杉屬的植物
a. 頗為干凈的,俏的,時髦的
vt.
vi. (使)顯干凈,打扮整齊

雲杉屬的植物頗為幹淨的,俏的,時髦的(使)顯幹淨,打扮整齊

spruce
adj 1: marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners; "a dapper
young man"; "a jaunty red hat" [synonym: {dapper}, {dashing},
{jaunty}, {natty}, {raffish}, {rakish}, {spiffy},
{snappy}, {spruce}]
n 1: light soft moderately strong wood of spruce trees; used
especially for timbers and millwork
2: any coniferous tree of the genus Picea
v 1: make neat, smart, or trim; "Spruce up your house for
Spring"; "titivate the child" [synonym: {spruce up}, {spruce},
{titivate}, {tittivate}, {smarten up}, {slick up}, {spiff
up}]
2: dress and groom with particular care, as for a special
occasion; "He spruced up for the party" [synonym: {spruce up},
{spruce}, {slick up}, {smarten up}]

Spruce \Spruce\ (spr[udd]s), n. [OE. Spruce or Pruse, Prussia,
Prussian. So named because it was first known as a native of
Prussia, or because its sprouts were used for making, spruce
beer. Cf. Spruce beer, below, {Spruce}, a.]
1. (Bot.) Any coniferous tree of the genus {Picea}, as the
Norway spruce ({Picea excelsa}), and the white and black
spruces of America ({Picea alba} and {Picea nigra}),
besides several others in the far Northwest. See {Picea}.
[1913 Webster]

2. The wood or timber of the spruce tree.
[1913 Webster]

3. Prussia leather; pruce. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Spruce, a sort of leather corruptly so called for
Prussia leather. --E. Phillips.
[1913 Webster]

{Douglas spruce} (Bot.), a valuable timber tree ({Pseudotsuga
Douglasii}) of Northwestern America.

{Essence of spruce}, a thick, dark-colored, bitterish, and
acidulous liquid made by evaporating a decoction of the
young branches of spruce.

{Hemlock spruce} (Bot.), a graceful coniferous tree ({Tsuga
Canadensis}) of North America. Its timber is valuable, and
the bark is largely used in tanning leather.

{Spruce beer}. [G. sprossenbier; sprosse sprout, shoot (akin
to E. sprout, n.) bier beer. The word was changed into
spruce beer because the beer came from Prussia (OE.
Spruce), or because it was made from the sprouts of the
spruce. See {Sprout}, n., {Beer}, and cf. {Spruce}, n.] A
kind of beer which is tinctured or flavored with spruce,
either by means of the extract or by decoction.

{Spruce grouse}. (Zool.) Same as {Spruce partridge}, below.


{Spruce leather}. See {Spruce}, n., 3.

{Spruce partridge} (Zool.), a handsome American grouse
({Dendragapus Canadensis}) found in Canada and the
Northern United States; -- called also {Canada grouse}.
[1913 Webster]


Spruce \Spruce\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Spruced} (spr[udd]st); p.
pr. & vb. n. {Sprucing} (spr[udd]"s[i^]ng).]
To dress with affected neatness; to trim; to make spruce; --
often used with up; as, to spruce up the house for Company.
[1913 Webster]


Spruce \Spruce\, v. i.
To dress one's self with affected neatness; as, to spruce up.
[1913 Webster]


Spruce \Spruce\ (spr[udd]s), a. [Compar. {Sprucer}
(spr[udd]"s[~e]r); superl. {Sprucest} (spr[udd]"s[e^]st).]
[Perhaps fr. spruce a sort of leather from Prussia, which was
an article of finery. See {Spruce}, n.]
1. Neat, without elegance or dignity; smart; trim; --
formerly applied to things with a serious meaning; now
chiefly applied to persons. "Neat and spruce array."
--Remedy of Love.
[1913 Webster]

2. Sprightly; dashing. [Obs.] "Now, my spruce companions."
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

He is so spruce that he can never be genteel.
--Tatler.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Finical; neat; trim. See {Finical}.
[1913 Webster] -- {Spruce"ly}, adv. -- {Spruce"ness}, n.
[1913 Webster]

78 Moby Thesaurus words for "spruce":
anal, bandbox, bowdlerized, braw, chic, classy, clean up, cleaned,
cleaned up, cleansed, clothes-conscious, cosmopolitan, dapper,
dashing, dinky, doggy, dressed to advantage, dressed to kill,
dressed up, elegant, en grande tenue, endimanche, expurgated,
exquisite, genteel, gussied up, in full dress, in full feather,
in high feather, in tails, jaunty, modish, natty, neat, nifty,
nobby, posh, primp, purged, purified, recherche, refined, reformed,
ritzy, sassy, sharp, shipshape, sleek, slick, slicked up, smart,
smarten up, smug, snazzy, snug, soigne, soignee, sophisticated,
spiffy, spruce up, straighten out, straighten up, style-conscious,
stylish, swank, swanky, swell, tidy, tidy up, tight, titivate,
tricksy, trig, trim, well turned-out, well-cared-for, well-dressed,
well-groomed

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