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sour    音標拼音: [s'ɑʊɚ] [s'ɑʊr]
a. 酸的,酸臭的,發酵的,慍怒的,討厭的,拙劣的,不毛的
vi. 變酸,變乖戾,厭煩

酸的,酸臭的,發酵的,慍怒的,討厭的,拙劣的,不毛的變酸,變乖戾,厭煩

sour
adj 1: smelling of fermentation or staleness [synonym: {sour},
{rancid}]
2: having a sharp biting taste [ant: {sweet}]
3: one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of
vinegar or lemons
4: in an unpalatable state; "sour milk" [synonym: {off}, {sour},
{turned}]
5: inaccurate in pitch; "a false (or sour) note"; "her singing
was off key" [synonym: {false}, {off-key}, {sour}]
6: showing a brooding ill humor; "a dark scowl"; "the
proverbially dour New England Puritan"; "a glum, hopeless
shrug"; "he sat in moody silence"; "a morose and unsociable
manner"; "a saturnine, almost misanthropic young genius"-
Bruce Bliven; "a sour temper"; "a sullen crowd" [synonym: {dark},
{dour}, {glowering}, {glum}, {moody}, {morose}, {saturnine},
{sour}, {sullen}]
n 1: a cocktail made of a liquor (especially whiskey or gin)
mixed with lemon or lime juice and sugar
2: the taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice is taken
into the mouth [synonym: {sour}, {sourness}, {tartness}]
3: the property of being acidic [synonym: {sourness}, {sour},
{acidity}]
v 1: go sour or spoil; "The milk has soured"; "The wine worked";
"The cream has turned--we have to throw it out" [synonym:
{sour}, {turn}, {ferment}, {work}]
2: make sour or more sour [synonym: {sour}, {acidify}, {acidulate},
{acetify}] [ant: {dulcify}, {dulcorate}, {edulcorate},
{sweeten}]

Sour \Sour\, v. t. [AS. s?rian to sour, to become sour.]
1. To cause to become sour; to cause to turn from sweet to
sour; as, exposure to the air sours many substances.
[1913 Webster]

So the sun's heat, with different powers,
Ripens the grape, the liquor sours. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

2. To make cold and unproductive, as soil. --Mortimer.
[1913 Webster]

3. To make unhappy, uneasy, or less agreeable.
[1913 Webster]

To sour your happiness I must report,
The queen is dead. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. To cause or permit to become harsh or unkindly. "Souring
his cheeks." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Pride had not sour'd nor wrath debased my heart.
--Harte.
[1913 Webster]

5. To macerate, and render fit for plaster or mortar; as, to
sour lime for business purposes.
[1913 Webster]


Sour \Sour\, a. [Compar. {Sourer}; superl. {Sourest}.] [OE.
sour, sur, AS. s?r; akin to D. zuur, G. sauer, OHG. s?r,
Icel. s?rr, Sw. sur, Dan. suur, Lith. suras salt, Russ.
surovui harsh, rough. Cf. {Sorrel}, the plant.]
1. Having an acid or sharp, biting taste, like vinegar, and
the juices of most unripe fruits; acid; tart.
[1913 Webster]

All sour things, as vinegar, provoke appetite.
--Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

2. Changed, as by keeping, so as to be acid, rancid, or
musty, turned.
[1913 Webster]

3. Disagreeable; unpleasant; hence; cross; crabbed; peevish;
morose; as, a man of a sour temper; a sour reply. "A sour
countenance." --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

He was a scholar . . .
Lofty and sour to them that loved him not,
But to those men that sought him sweet as summer.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. Afflictive; painful. "Sour adversity." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

5. Cold and unproductive; as, sour land; a sour marsh.
[1913 Webster]

{Sour dock} (Bot.), sorrel.

{Sour gourd} (Bot.), the gourdlike fruit {Adansonia
Gregorii}, and {Adansonia digitata}; also, either of the
trees bearing this fruit. See {Adansonia}.

{Sour grapes}. See under {Grape}.

{Sour gum} (Bot.) See {Turelo}.

{Sour plum} (Bot.), the edible acid fruit of an Australian
tree ({Owenia venosa}); also, the tree itself, which
furnished a hard reddish wood used by wheelwrights.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Acid; sharp; tart; acetous; acetose; harsh; acrimonious;
crabbed; currish; peevish.
[1913 Webster]


Sour \Sour\, n.
A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.
--Spenser.
[1913 Webster]


Sour \Sour\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Soured}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Souring}.]
To become sour; to turn from sweet to sour; as, milk soon
sours in hot weather; a kind temper sometimes sours in
adversity.
[1913 Webster]

They keep out melancholy from the virtuous, and hinder
the hatred of vice from souring into severity.
--Addison.
[1913 Webster]

247 Moby Thesaurus words for "sour":
abrupt, absonant, acerb, acerbate, acerbic, acerbity, acescency,
acescent, acetify, acid, acidic, acidify, acidity, acidulant,
acidulate, acidulated, acidulent, acidulous, acidulousness, acrid,
acrimonious, aftertaste, agent provocateur, aggravate, amaroidal,
amplify, annoy, asperous, astringent, atonal, augment, bad,
bad-tempered, bilious, biting, bitter, bitter as gall, blown,
bread-and-butter pickle, brusque, build up, cacophonous, caustic,
chokecherry, choleric, churlish, coarse, crab, crab apple, crabbed,
crabby, cracked, cranky, cross, crusty, curdle, curdled, curt,
cutting, deepen, deteriorate, diaphonic, dill pickle, disagreeable,
disconsonant, discontented, discordant, disenchant, disharmonic,
disharmonious, dislikable, displeasing, dissonant, distasteful,
dry, dryness, dyspeptic, edgy, embitter, embittered, enhance,
enlarge, envenom, escharotic, exacerbate, exasperate, ferment,
fermented, flat, flavor, frowy, gamy, gloomy, go bad, go off,
gone off, grating, green, green apple, greenness, grouchy, gust,
hard, harsh, heat up, heighten, high, hot up, hyperacidity,
ill-natured, ill-tempered, immelodious, impatient, increase,
inharmonic, inharmonious, intensify, irritate, irritating,
jaundiced, keen, lemon, lime, magnify, make acute, make worse,
mordant, morose, musicless, nasty, nonmelodious, nose-tickling,
off, off-key, off-tone, out of pitch, out of tone, out of tune,
palate, peeve, peevish, penetrating, petulant, pickle, pickled,
piercing, piquant, poignant, provoke, pungency, pungent, rancid,
rank, raucous, reechy, relish, rough, salt, sapidity, sapor, savor,
savoriness, sec, severe, sharp, sharpen, shrill, smack, snappish,
sour as vinegar, sour balls, sour cream, sour grapes, sour pickle,
sour-tempered, sourdough, soured, sourish, sourishness, sourness,
spoil, spoiled, spoilt, stale, stinging, stomach, strident, strong,
subacidity, sullen, sweet, tainted, tang, tart, tartish,
tartishness, tartness, taste, terrible, testy, thankless, tongue,
tooth, trenchant, tuneless, turn, turn sour, turned, ugly,
unalluring, unappealing, unappetizing, unattractive, undelectable,
undelicious, undesirable, unengaging, unenjoyable, unharmonious,
uninviting, unlikable, unmelodious, unmusical, unpalatable,
unpleasant, unpleasing, unripe, unripeness, unsavory, unsweet,
unsweetened, unsweetness, untasteful, untunable, untuned,
untuneful, unwelcome, verjuice, vex, vinegar, vinegariness,
vinegarish, vinegarishness, vinegary, vitriolic, worsen, yogurt



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