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simple    音標拼音: [s'ɪmpəl]
a.
簡單的,普通的,樸素的,坦率的,糊涂的,絕對的,初級的

簡單的,普通的,樸素的,坦率的,糊塗的,絕對的,初級的

simple
簡單

simple
adj 1: having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved;
"a simple problem"; "simple mechanisms"; "a simple
design"; "a simple substance" [ant: {complex}]
2: easy and not involved or complicated; "an elementary problem
in statistics"; "elementary, my dear Watson"; "a simple
game"; "found an uncomplicated solution to the problem" [synonym:
{elementary}, {simple}, {uncomplicated}, {unproblematic}]
3: apart from anything else; without additions or modifications;
"only the bare facts"; "shocked by the mere idea"; "the
simple passage of time was enough"; "the simple truth" [synonym:
{bare(a)}, {mere(a)}, {simple(a)}]
4: exhibiting childlike simplicity and credulity; "childlike
trust"; "dewy-eyed innocence"; "listened in round-eyed
wonder" [synonym: {childlike}, {wide-eyed}, {round-eyed}, {dewy-
eyed}, {simple}]
5: lacking mental capacity and subtlety [synonym: {dim-witted},
{simple}, {simple-minded}]
6: (botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or
subdivisions [synonym: {simple}, {unsubdivided}] [ant:
{compound}]
7: unornamented; "a simple country schoolhouse"; "her black
dress--simple to austerity"
n 1: any herbaceous plant having medicinal properties
2: a person lacking intelligence or common sense [synonym:
{simpleton}, {simple}]

Simple \Sim"ple\, a. [Compar. {Simpler}; superl. {Simplest}.]
[F., fr. L. simplus, or simplex, gen. simplicis. The first
part of the Latin words is probably akin to E. same, and the
sense, one, one and the same; cf. L. semel once, singuli one
to each, single. Cg. {Single}, a., {Same}, a., and for the
last part of the word cf. {Double}, {Complex}.]
1. Single; not complex; not infolded or entangled;
uncombined; not compounded; not blended with something
else; not complicated; as, a simple substance; a simple
idea; a simple sound; a simple machine; a simple problem;
simple tasks.
[1913 Webster]

2. Plain; unadorned; as, simple dress. "Simple truth."
--Spenser. "His simple story." --Burns.
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3. Mere; not other than; being only.
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A medicine . . . whose simple touch
Is powerful to araise King Pepin. --Shak.
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4. Not given to artifice, stratagem, or duplicity;
undesigning; sincere; true.
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Full many fine men go upon my score, as simple as I
stand here, and I trust them. --Marston.
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Must thou trust Tradition's simple tongue? --Byron.
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To be simple is to be great. --Emerson.
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5. Artless in manner; unaffected; unconstrained; natural;
inartificial;; straightforward.
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In simple manners all the secret lies. --Young.
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6. Direct; clear; intelligible; not abstruse or enigmatical;
as, a simple statement; simple language.
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7. Weak in intellect; not wise or sagacious; of but moderate
understanding or attainments; hence, foolish; silly. "You
have simple wits." --Shak.
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The simple believeth every word; but the prudent man
looketh well to his going. --Prov. xiv.
15.
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8. Not luxurious; without much variety; plain; as, a simple
diet; a simple way of living.
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Thy simple fare and all thy plain delights.
--Cowper.
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9. Humble; lowly; undistinguished.
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A simple husbandman in garments gray. --Spenser.
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Clergy and laity, male and female, gentle and simple
made the fuel of the same fire. --Fuller.
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10. (BOt.) Without subdivisions; entire; as, a simple stem; a
simple leaf.
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11. (Chem.) Not capable of being decomposed into anything
more simple or ultimate by any means at present known;
elementary; thus, atoms are regarded as simple bodies.
Cf. {Ultimate}, a.
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Note: A simple body is one that has not as yet been
decomposed. There are indications that many of our
simple elements are still compound bodies, though their
actual decomposition into anything simpler may never be
accomplished.
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12. (Min.) Homogenous.
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13. (Zool.) Consisting of a single individual or zooid; as, a
simple ascidian; -- opposed to compound.
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{Simple contract} (Law), any contract, whether verbal or
written, which is not of record or under seal. --J. W.
Smith. --Chitty.

{Simple equation} (Alg.), an equation containing but one
unknown quantity, and that quantity only in the first
degree.

{Simple eye} (Zool.), an eye having a single lens; -- opposed
to {compound eye}.

{Simple interest}. See under {Interest}.

{Simple larceny}. (Law) See under {Larceny}.

{Simple obligation} (Rom. Law), an obligation which does not
depend for its execution upon any event provided for by
the parties, or is not to become void on the happening of
any such event. --Burrill.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Single; uncompounded; unmingled; unmixed; mere;
uncombined; elementary; plain; artless; sincere;
harmless; undesigning; frank; open; unaffected;
inartificial; unadorned; credulous; silly; foolish;
shallow; unwise.

Usage: {Simple}, {Silly}. One who is simple is sincere,
unaffected, and inexperienced in duplicity, -- hence
liable to be duped. A silly person is one who is
ignorant or weak and also self-confident; hence, one
who shows in speech and act a lack of good sense.
Simplicity is incompatible with duplicity, artfulness,
or vanity, while silliness is consistent with all
three. Simplicity denotes lack of knowledge or of
guile; silliness denotes want of judgment or right
purpose, a defect of character as well as of
education.
[1913 Webster]

I am a simple woman, much too weak
To oppose your cunning. --Shak.
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He is the companion of the silliest people in
their most silly pleasure; he is ready for every
impertinent entertainment and diversion. --Law.
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Simple \Sim"ple\, v. i.
To gather simples, or medicinal plants.
[1913 Webster]

As simpling on the flowery hills she [Circe] strayed.
--Garth.
[1913 Webster]


Simple \Sim"ple\, n. [F. See {Simple}, a.]
1. Something not mixed or compounded. "Compounded of many
simples." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Med.) A medicinal plant; -- so called because each
vegetable was supposed to possess its particular virtue,
and therefore to constitute a simple remedy.
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What virtue is in this remedy lies in the naked
simple itself as it comes over from the Indies.
--Sir W.
Temple.
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3. (Weaving)
(a) A drawloom.
(b) A part of the apparatus for raising the heddles of a
drawloom.
[1913 Webster]

4. (R. C. Ch.) A feast which is not a double or a semidouble.
[1913 Webster]

476 Moby Thesaurus words for "simple":
Attic, Bohemian, Ciceronian, Mickey Mouse, Spartan, a certain,
absolute, aesthetic, affable, amateur, an, any, any one, arrested,
artistic, artless, ascetic, asinine, atomic, austere, authentic,
awkward, babbling, backward, bald, bare, base, basic, blankminded,
blithering, bluff, blunt, bona fide, born yesterday, bovine,
brainless, burbling, butt, callow, candid, card-carrying, casual,
chaste, cheerful, childish, childlike, choice, chump, classic,
classical, clean, clean-cut, clear, clear as crystal, clear as day,
clear-cut, coherent, comfortable, common, commonplace,
comprehensible, confiding, connected, consistent, cordial, cozy,
crackbrained, cracked, crass, crazy, creamy, credulous,
cretinistic, cretinous, crisp, crystal-clear, crystalline,
cullible, cushy, deceivable, defined, definite, degage, delicate,
deludable, dense, dim-witted, dinkum, direct, discreet, distinct,
dithering, dopey, doting, driveling, drooling, dry, dull,
dull-witted, dumb, dupable, dupe, easily understood, easy,
easy as pie, easygoing, effortless, eggshell, either, elegant,
elemental, elementary, empty, empty-headed, essential, everyday,
excellent, exclusive, explicit, exploitable, express, facile,
fall guy, familiar, fatuous, feebleminded, finished, flat, folksy,
following the letter, foolable, foolish, forthright, frank,
free and easy, friendly, fundamental, garden, garden-variety,
gauche, genuine, glib, gloss, good, graceful, gracile, gracious,
green, groping, guileless, gull, gullible, half-baked, half-witted,
haymish, hoaxable, homelike, homely, homespun, homey, homish,
homogeneous, honest, honest-to-God, hoodwinkable, household,
humble, humble-looking, humble-visaged, humblest, humbugable,
idiotic, ignorant, illiterate, imbecile, imbecilic, in good taste,
inane, inartificial, incomplex, individual, indivisible,
inexperienced, inexpert, inferior, informal, ingenu, ingenuous,
inglorious, innocent, innocuous, insensate, integral, intelligible,
intimate, iridescent, irreducible, irregular, know-nothing, lawful,
lean, least, legitimate, lifelike, light, limpid, literal, lone,
loose, loud and clear, low, lowest, lowliest, lowly, lucid,
luminous, mark, matter-of-fact, maundering, mean, mellow,
mentally defective, mentally deficient, mentally handicapped,
mentally retarded, mere, mindless, modest, monadic, mongoloid,
monistic, monolithic, moronic, mother-of-pearl, nacreous, naive,
naked, natural, naturalistic, neat, nescient, nitwitted,
nondescript, not all there, nothing to it, oafish, obtuse,
of a piece, of choice, of quality, offhand, offhanded, one,
opalescent, open, openhearted, ordinary, original, outspoken,
painless, pale, pastel, patinaed, peaceful, pearly, pellucid,
perfect, perspicuous, persuadable, pigeon, plain, plain-speaking,
plain-spoken, pleasing, polished, poor, primal, primary, prosaic,
prosing, prosy, pure, pure and simple, quiet, raw, real, realistic,
refined, relaxed, restrained, retarded, righteous, rightful, round,
royal, rustic, sad, sap, seduceable, semigloss, senseless, severe,
sheer, silly, simon-pure, simple as ABC, simple-speaking,
simplehearted, simpleminded, simpletonian, sincere, single,
single-hearted, single-minded, singular, slobbering, slow,
slow-witted, small, smooth, snug, sober, sociable, soft,
soft-colored, soft-hued, softened, sole, solid, solitary, somber,
spare, square, stark, sterling, straightforward, strange to,
stupid, subdued, subnormal, subordinate, subservient, subtle,
sucker, sure-enough, sweet, tasteful, teachable, tender, tentative,
terse, thick, thickheaded, translucent, transparent, transpicuous,
trim, true to life, true to nature, true to reality, trustful,
trusting, unacquainted, unadorned, unadulterated, unaffected,
unalloyed, unambiguous, unanalyzable, unapprized, unartificial,
unassumed, unassuming, unburdensome, unceremonious, uncluttered,
uncolored, uncomplicated, uncompounded, uncomprehending,
unconcocted, unconfused, unconstrained, uncontrived,
unconventional, unconversant, uncopied, uncounterfeited,
undecorated, understandable, understated, undesigning,
undifferenced, undifferentiated, undisguised, undisguising,
undistinguished, undistorted, undivided, uneducated, unelaborate,
unembellished, unenhanced, unenlightened, unequivocal,
unexaggerated, unexperienced, unfabricated, unfamiliar, unfanciful,
unfeigned, unfeigning, unfictitious, unflattering, unguarded,
uniform, unilluminated, unimaginative, unimagined, unimitated,
unimportant, uninformed, uninitiated, unintelligent, uninvented,
uninvolved, unique, unitary, univocal, unknowing, unlabored,
unmistakable, unmitigated, unmixed, unobtrusive, unofficial,
unornamented, unostentatious, unpoetical, unposted, unpretended,
unpretending, unpretentious, unqualified, unreserved, unripe,
unromantic, unschooled, unsimulated, unsophisticated, unspecious,
unstudied, unsure, unsuspicious, unsynthetic, untaught,
untroublesome, unvarnished, unversed, unwary, unwitty, upright,
vacuous, verbal, verbatim, veridical, verisimilar, victimizable,
weak-minded, well-chosen, well-defined, whole, witless,
word-for-word, workaday, workday



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