推到 Twitter!
推到 Plurk!
推到 Facebook!
中文字典辭典   英文字典   快遞查詢 a   b   c   d   e   f   g   h   i   j   k   l   m   n   o   p   q   r   s   t   u   v   w   x   y   z   


sign    音標拼音: [s'ɑɪn]
n. 符號,招牌,征兆,正負號,手勢
vt. 簽名,打手勢表達
vi. 簽名


( 代數 )符號; 正負號 S,SN

記號 正負號

adj 1: used of the language of the deaf [synonym: {gestural},
{sign(a)}, {signed}, {sign-language(a)}]
n 1: a perceptible indication of something not immediately
apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened);
"he showed signs of strain"; "they welcomed the signs of
spring" [synonym: {sign}, {mark}]
2: a public display of a message; "he posted signs in all the
shop windows"
3: any nonverbal action or gesture that encodes a message;
"signals from the boat suddenly stopped" [synonym: {signal},
{signaling}, {sign}]
4: structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be
posted; "the highway was lined with signboards" [synonym:
{signboard}, {sign}]
5: (astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is
divided [synonym: {sign of the zodiac}, {star sign}, {sign},
{mansion}, {house}, {planetary house}]
6: (medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a
disorder or disease; "there were no signs of asphyxiation"
7: having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive
and negative electric charges); "he got the polarity of the
battery reversed"; "charges of opposite sign" [synonym:
{polarity}, {sign}]
8: an event that is experienced as indicating important things
to come; "he hoped it was an augury"; "it was a sign from
God" [synonym: {augury}, {sign}, {foretoken}, {preindication}]
9: a gesture that is part of a sign language
10: a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that
which is signified; "The bond between the signifier and the
signified is arbitrary"--de Saussure
11: a character indicating a relation between quantities; "don't
forget the minus sign"
v 1: mark with one's signature; write one's name (on); "She
signed the letter and sent it off"; "Please sign here"
[synonym: {sign}, {subscribe}]
2: approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation;
"All parties ratified the peace treaty"; "Have you signed
your contract yet?" [synonym: {sign}, {ratify}]
3: be engaged by a written agreement; "He signed to play the
casino on Dec. 18"; "The soprano signed to sing the new
4: engage by written agreement; "They signed two new pitchers
for the next season" [synonym: {sign}, {contract}, {sign on},
{sign up}]
5: communicate silently and non-verbally by signals or signs;
"He signed his disapproval with a dismissive hand gesture";
"The diner signaled the waiters to bring the menu" [synonym:
{sign}, {signal}, {signalize}, {signalise}]
6: place signs, as along a road; "sign an intersection"; "This
road has been signed"
7: communicate in sign language; "I don't know how to sign, so I
could not communicate with my deaf cousin"
8: make the sign of the cross over someone in order to call on
God for protection; consecrate [synonym: {bless}, {sign}]

Sign \Sign\, n. [F. signe, L. signum; cf. AS. segen, segn, a
sign, standard, banner, also fr. L. signum. Cf. {Ensign},
{Resign}, {Seal} a stamp, {Signal}, {Signet}.]
That by which anything is made known or represented; that
which furnishes evidence; a mark; a token; an indication; a
proof. Specifically:
(a) A remarkable event, considered by the ancients as
indicating the will of some deity; a prodigy; an omen.
(b) An event considered by the Jews as indicating the divine
will, or as manifesting an interposition of the divine
power for some special end; a miracle; a wonder.
[1913 Webster]

Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of
the Spirit of God. --Rom. xv. 19.
[1913 Webster]

It shall come to pass, if they will not believe
thee, neither hearken to the voice of the first
sign, that they will believe the voice of the
latter sign. --Ex. iv. 8.
[1913 Webster]
(c) Something serving to indicate the existence, or preserve
the memory, of a thing; a token; a memorial; a monument.
[1913 Webster]

What time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty
men, and they became a sign. --Num. xxvi.
[1913 Webster]
(d) Any symbol or emblem which prefigures, typifles, or
represents, an idea; a type; hence, sometimes, a picture.
[1913 Webster]

The holy symbols, or signs, are not barely
significative; but what they represent is as
certainly delivered to us as the symbols
themselves. --Brerewood.
[1913 Webster]

Saint George of Merry England, the sign of victory.
[1913 Webster]
(e) A word or a character regarded as the outward
manifestation of thought; as, words are the sign of
(f) A motion, an action, or a gesture by which a thought is
expressed, or a command or a wish made known.
[1913 Webster]

They made signs to his father, how he would have
him called. --Luke i. 62.
[1913 Webster]
(g) Hence, one of the gestures of pantomime, or of a language
of a signs such as those used by the North American
Indians, or those used by the deaf and dumb.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Educaters of the deaf distinguish between natural
signs, which serve for communicating ideas, and
methodical, or systematic, signs, adapted for the
dictation, or the rendering, of written language, word
by word; and thus the signs are to be distinguished
from the manual alphabet, by which words are spelled on
the fingers.
[1913 Webster]
(h) A military emblem carried on a banner or a standard.
(i) A lettered board, or other conspicuous notice, placed
upon or before a building, room, shop, or office to
advertise the business there transacted, or the name of
the person or firm carrying it on; a publicly displayed
token or notice.
[1913 Webster]

The shops were, therefore, distinguished by painted
signs, which gave a gay and grotesque aspect to the
streets. --Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]
(j) (Astron.) The twelfth part of the ecliptic or zodiac.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The signs are reckoned from the point of intersection
of the ecliptic and equator at the vernal equinox, and
are named, respectively, {Aries} ([Aries]), {Taurus}
([Taurus]), {Gemini} (II), {Cancer} ([Cancer]), {Leo}
([Leo]), {Virgo} ([Virgo]), {Libra} ([Libra]),
{Scorpio} ([Scorpio]), {Sagittarius} ([Sagittarius]),
{Capricornus ([Capricorn]), {Aquarius} ([Aquarius]),
{Pisces} ([Pisces]). These names were originally the
names of the constellations occupying severally the
divisions of the zodiac, by which they are still
retained; but, in consequence of the procession of the
equinoxes, the signs have, in process of time, become
separated about 30 degrees from these constellations,
and each of the latter now lies in the sign next in
advance, or to the east of the one which bears its
name, as the constellation Aries in the sign Taurus,
[1913 Webster]
(k) (Alg.) A character indicating the relation of quantities,
or an operation performed upon them; as, the sign
(plus); the sign -- (minus); the sign of division /, and
the like.
(l) (Med.) An objective evidence of disease; that is, one
appreciable by some one other than the patient.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The terms symptom and and sign are often used
synonymously; but they may be discriminated. A sign
differs from a symptom in that the latter is perceived
only by the patient himself. The term sign is often
further restricted to the purely local evidences of
disease afforded by direct examination of the organs
involved, as distinguished from those evidence of
general disturbance afforded by observation of the
temperature, pulse, etc. In this sense it is often
called physical sign.
[1913 Webster]
(m) (Mus.) Any character, as a flat, sharp, dot, etc.
(n) (Theol.) That which, being external, stands for, or
signifies, something internal or spiritual; -- a term
used in the Church of England in speaking of an ordinance
considered with reference to that which it represents.
[1913 Webster]

An outward and visible sign of an inward and
spiritual grace. --Bk. of
Common Prayer.
[1913 Webster]

Note: See the Table of {Arbitrary Signs}, p. 1924.
[1913 Webster]

{Sign manual}.
(a) (Eng. Law) The royal signature superscribed at the top of
bills of grants and letter patent, which are then sealed
with the privy signet or great seal, as the case may be,
to complete their validity.
(b) The signature of one's name in one's own handwriting.
--Craig. Tomlins. Wharton.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Token; mark; note; symptom; indication; signal; symbol;
type; omen; prognostic; presage; manifestation. See
[1913 Webster]

Sign \Sign\, v. i.
1. To be a sign or omen. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. To make a sign or signal; to communicate directions or
intelligence by signs.
[1913 Webster]

3. Especially: To communicate in {sign language}.

4. To write one's name, esp. as a token of assent,
responsibility, or obligation; as, he signed in red ink.
[1913 Webster]

Sign \Sign\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Signed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Signing}.] [OE. seinen to bless, originally, to make the
sign of the cross over; in this sense fr. ASS. segnian (from
segn, n.), or OF. seignier, F. signer, to mark, to sign (in
sense 3), fr. L. signare to mark, set a mark upon, from
signum. See {Sign}, n.]
1. To represent by a sign; to make known in a typical or
emblematic manner, in distinction from speech; to signify.
[1913 Webster]

I signed to Browne to make his retreat. --Sir W.
[1913 Webster]

2. To make a sign upon; to mark with a sign.
[1913 Webster]

We receive this child into the congregation of
Christ's flock, and do sign him with the sign of the
cross. --Bk. of Com
[1913 Webster]

3. To affix a signature to; to ratify by hand or seal; to
subscribe in one's own handwriting.
[1913 Webster]

Inquire the Jew's house out, give him this deed,
And let him sign it. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. To assign or convey formally; -- used with away.
[1913 Webster]

5. To mark; to make distinguishable. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

536 Moby Thesaurus words for "sign":
OK, Roman candle, abandon, abnormality, accent, accent mark,
accept, accredit, acute disease, adumbration, advertisement,
affection, affirm, affliction, agent, agree on terms,
aid to navigation, ailment, alarm, allergic disease, allergy,
alphabet, alphabetic character, alphabetize, alternate,
alternative, amber light, amen, analogy, announcement, approve,
assign, assure, atrophy, attest, attestation, augury, auspice,
authenticate, authorize, autograph, back, backup,
bacterial disease, badge, balefire, banner, bar, basis for belief,
be sponsor for, beacon, beacon fire, beat the drum, bell,
bell buoy, betokening, betokenment, binary digit, birth defect,
bit, blight, blinker, blue peter, body of evidence, bond, brand,
broad hint, broadside, buoy, cancel, capitalize,
cardiovascular disease, cartouche, caution light, certify,
chain of evidence, change, changeling, character, characteristic,
chronic disease, cipher, circulatory disease, close down, clue,
colophon, comparison, complaint, complication, condensation trail,
condition, confirm, congenital defect, consign, contract, contrail,
copy, cosign, counterfeit, countersecure, countersign, course, cue,
custos, cypher, data, datum, defect, deficiency disease, deformity,
degenerative disease, deliver, deputy, device, differentia, digit,
dip, direct, disability, disease, disorder, dispose of, distemper,
documentation, donate, dot, double, dummy, earmark, emblem, employ,
enchantment, endemic, endemic disease, endocrine disease, endorse,
engage, enlist, ensign, ensure, epidemic disease, equal,
equivalent, ersatz, evidence, exchange, exchange colors, exhibit,
exponent, expression mark, fact, facts, fake, fantasy, fermata,
figure, fill-in, flag, flag down, flare, flash, fog bell,
fog signal, fog whistle, foghorn, foreboding, foreshadow,
foreshadowing, foreshowing, foretoken, foretokening, forewarning,
forgo, formalize, functional disease, fungus disease,
gastrointestinal disease, genetic disease, gentle hint,
gesticulation, gesture, get rid of, ghost, ghostwriter, give,
give a signal, give permission, give the go-ahead,
give the imprimatur, give the nod, give thumbs up, give up, glance,
glimmer, glimmering, glosseme, go light, gong buoy, graph,
grapheme, green light, grounds, grounds for belief, guarantee,
guaranty, hail, hail and speak, half-mast, hallmark, handicap,
heliograph, hereditary disease, hieroglyph, high sign, hint, hire,
hoist a banner, hold, iatrogenic disease, icon, ideogram,
ideograph, idiosyncrasy, illness, image, imitation, implication,
index, indicant, indication, indicator, indisposition,
infectious disease, infirmity, initial, initials, ink, inkling,
innuendo, inscribe, insignia, insinuation, insure,
international alphabet flag, international numeral pennant,
intimation, item of evidence, join up, key signature, keynote,
kick, lead, leer, letter, lexeme, lexical form,
lexigraphic character, ligature, line, locum tenens, logotype,
look, make a sign, make over, makeshift, malady, malaise,
manifestation, mark, marker beacon, material grounds, measure,
metaphor, metonymy, metronomic mark, miracle, monogram, morbidity,
morbus, morpheme, motion, movement, muniments, muscular disease,
mute witness, neurological disease, next best thing, nod, notarize,
notation, note, notice, nudge, number, numeral, numero,
nutritional disease, occupational disease, omen, organic disease,
pandemic disease, parachute flare, pass, pass on, pass upon, path,
pathological condition, pathology, pause, peculiarity, permit,
personnel, phonetic character, phonetic symbol, phony, phrase,
pictographic character, picture, piece of evidence, pilot flag,
pinch hitter, piste, placard, plant disease, poke, police whistle,
portent, poster, prefiguration, preindication, premises,
premonitory shiver, premonitory sign, premonitory symptom, presa,
present, presignifying, prodigy, prognosis, prognostic,
prognostication, promise, prompt, proof, property, prophecy,
protozoan disease, proxy, psychosomatic disease, quarantine flag,
radio beacon, raise a cry, ratify, reason to believe, rebus,
red flag, red light, register, release, relevant fact, relief,
relinquish, reminder, replacement, representation, representative,
reserves, respiratory disease, retain, ringer, rocket, rockiness,
rubber stamp, sacrifice, sailing aid, salute, sanction,
say amen to, scent, seal, second, second string, secondary,
secondary disease, secure, seediness, segno, semaphore,
semaphore flag, semaphore telegraph, semasiological unit, sememe,
shadow, shake hands, shingle, show, sickishness, sickness, sigil,
sign and seal, sign away, sign for, sign off, sign on, sign over,
sign up, sign up for, signal, signal beacon, signal bell,
signal fire, signal flag, signal gong, signal gun, signal lamp,
signal light, signal mast, signal post, signal rocket, signal shot,
signal siren, signal tower, signalize, signature, signboard,
signifiant, significant, signs, slur, soothsay, sound an alarm,
sound the trumpet, spar buoy, spares, speak, sponsor, spoor, stamp,
stand behind, stand up for, stand-in, standard, stop light,
strike a bargain, sub, subscribe, subscribe to, substituent,
substitute, substitution, succedaneum, suggestion, superseder,
supplanter, support, sure sign, surrender, surrogate, suspicion,
swear and affirm, swear to, swell, syllabic, symbol, symbolization,
symptom, symptomatology, symptomology, symptoms, syndrome,
synecdoche, take on, telltale, telltale sign, tempo mark, term,
the nod, the pip, the wink, third string, tie, time signature,
token, tokening, touch, trace, traces, track, traffic light,
traffic signal, trail, trait, transcribe, transfer, transliterate,
turn over, type, undersign, understudy, underwrite, unfurl a flag,
urogenital disease, utility player, validate, vapor trail, vestige,
vicar, vice-president, vice-regent, vinculum, virus disease, visa,
vise, volunteer, waive, wake, warning, warrant, wasting disease,
watch fire, wave, wave a flag, wave the hand, whisper, white flag,
wigwag, wigwag flag, wink, witness, wonder, wonderwork, word,
worm disease, writing, written character, yellow flag

SIGN, contracts, evidence. A token of anything; a note or token given
without words.
2. Contracts are express or implied. The express are manifested viva
voce, or by writing; the implied are shown by silence, by acts, or by signs.
3. Among all nations find and at all times, certain signs have been
considered as proof of assent or dissent; for example, the nodding of the
head, and the shaking of hands; 2 Bl. Com. 448; 6 Toull. D. 33; Heinnec.,
Antiq. lib. 3, t. 23, n. 19; silence and inaction, facts and signs are
sometimes very strong evidence of cool reflection, when following a
question. I ask you to lend me one hundred dollars, without saying a word
you put your hand in your pocket, and deliver me the money. I go into a
hotel and I ask the landlord if he can accommodate me and take care of my
trunk; without speaking he takes it out of my hands and sends it into his
chamber. By this act he doubtless becomes responsible to me as a bailee. At
the expiration of a lease, the tenant remains in possession, without any
objection from the landlord; this may be fairly interpreted as a sign of a
consent that the lease shall be renewed. 13 Serg. & Rawle, 60.
4, The learned author of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, in
his 44th chapter, remarks, "Among savage nations, the want of letters is
imperfectly supplied by the use of visible signs, which awaken attention,
and perpetuate the remembrance of any public or private transaction. The
jurisprudence of the first Romans exhibited the scenes of a pantomime; the
words were adapted to the gestures, and the slightest error or neglect in
the forms of proceeding was sufficient to annul the substance of the fairest
claim. The communion of the marriage-life was denoted by the necessary
elements of fire and water: and the divorced wife resigned, the bunch of
keys, by the delivery of which she had been invested with the government of
the family. The manumission of a son, or a slave, was performed by turning
him round with a gentle blow on the cheek: a work was prohibited by the
casting of a stone; prescription was interrupted by the breaking of a
branch; the clenched fist was the symbol of a pledge or deposits; the right
hand was the gift of faith and confidence. The indenture of covenants was a
broken straw; weights and, scales were introduced into every payment, and
the heir who accepted a testament, was sometimes obliged to snap his
fingers, to cast away his garments, and to leap and dance with real or
affected transport. If a citizen pursued any stolen goods into a neighbor's
house, he concealed his nakedness with a linen towel, and hid his. face with
a mask or basin, lest he should encounter the eyes of a virgin or a matron.
In a civil action, the plaintiff touched the ear of his witness seized his
reluctant adversary by the neck and implored, in solemn lamentation, the aid
of his fellow citizens. The two competitors grasped each other's hand, as if
they stood prepared for combat before the tribunal of the praetor: he
commanded them to produce the object of the dispute; they went, they
returned with measured steps, and a clod of earth was cast at his feet to
represent the field for which they contended. This occult science of the
words and actions of law, was the inheritance of the pontiffs and
patricians. Like the Chaldean astrologers, they announced to their clients
the days of business and repose; these important trifles wore interwoven
with the religion of Numa; and, after the publication of the Twelve Tables,
the Roman people were still enslaved by the ignorance of judicial
proceedings. The treachery of some plebeian officers at length revealed the
profitable mystery: in a more enlightened age, the legal actions were
derided and observed; and the same antiquity which sanctified the practice,
obliterated the use and meaning, of this primitive language."

SIGN, measures. In angular measures, a sign is equal to thirty degrees. Vide

SIGN, mer. law. A board, tin or other substance, on which is painted the
name and business of a merchant or tradesman.
2. Every man has a right to adopt such a sign as he may please to
select, but he has no right to use another's name, without his consent. See
Dall. Dict. mot Propriete Industrielle, and the article Trade marks.

To SIGN. To write one's name to an instrument of writing in order to give
the effect intended; the name thus written is called a signature.
2. The signature is usually made at the bottom of the instrument but in
wills it has been held that when a testator commenced his will With these
words;, "I, A B, make this my will," it was a sufficient signing. 3 Lev. 1;
and vide Rob. on Wills, 122 1 Will. on Wills, 49, 50; Chit. Cont. 212 Newl.
Contr. 173; Sugd. Vend. 71; 2 Stark. Ev. 605, 613; Rob. on Fr. 121; but this
decision is said to be absurd. 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 278, n. 16. Vide Merl.
Repert. mot Signature, for a history of the origin, of signatures; and also
4 Cruise, Dig. h.t. 32, c. 2, s. 73, et seq.; see, generally, 8 Toull. n.
94-96; 1 Dall. 64; 5 Whart. R. 386; 2 B. & P 238; 2 M. & S. 286.
3. To sign a judgment, is to enter a judgment for want of something
which was required to be done; as, for example, in the English practice, if
he who is bound to give oyer does not give it within the time required, in
such cases, the adverse party may sign judgment against him. 2 T. R. 40;
Com. Dig. Pleader, P 1; Barnes, 245.




中文字典-英文字典  2005-2009

|中文認字識字與學習 |MD5加密,解密 |中文姓名英譯,姓名翻譯 |简体中文英文字典