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shorten    音標拼音: [ʃ'ɔrtən]
vt. 弄短,縮短,減少
vi. 縮小,變短

弄短,縮短,減少縮小,變短

shorten
v 1: make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench
in length or duration; "He shortened his trip due to
illness" [ant: {lengthen}]
2: reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; "The
manuscript must be shortened" [synonym: {abridge}, {foreshorten},
{abbreviate}, {shorten}, {cut}, {contract}, {reduce}] [ant:
{dilate}, {elaborate}, {enlarge}, {expand}, {expatiate},
{exposit}, {expound}, {flesh out}, {lucubrate}]
3: make short or shorter; "shorten the skirt"; "shorten the rope
by a few inches"
4: become short or shorter; "In winter, the days shorten" [ant:
{lengthen}]
5: edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate;
"bowdlerize a novel" [synonym: {bowdlerize}, {bowdlerise},
{expurgate}, {castrate}, {shorten}]

Shorten \Short"en\, v. i.
To become short or shorter; as, the day shortens in northern
latitudes from June to December; a metallic rod shortens by
cold.
[1913 Webster]


Shorten \Short"en\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shortened ?}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Shortening}.] [See {Short}, a.]
1. To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as,
to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of
calamity.
[1913 Webster]

2. To reduce or diminish in amount, quantity, or extent; to
lessen; to abridge; to curtail; to contract; as, to
shorten work, an allowance of food, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Here, where the subject is so fruitful, I am
shortened by my chain. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

3. To make deficient (as to); to deprive; -- with of.
[1913 Webster]

Spoiled of his nose, and shortened of his ears.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter, lard,
pot liquor, or the like.
[1913 Webster]

{To shorten a rope} (Naut.), to take in the slack of it.

{To shorten sail} (Naut.), to reduce sail by taking it in.
[1913 Webster]

121 Moby Thesaurus words for "shorten":
abate, abbreviate, abrade, abridge, abstract, bate, be telegraphic,
bob, bobtail, boil down, brief, capsule, capsulize, circumscribe,
clip, coarct, compact, compress, concentrate, condense,
consolidate, constrict, constringe, contract, cramp, crop, curtail,
cut, cut back, cut down, cut off short, cut short, damp, dampen,
decrease, deduct, deflate, depreciate, depress, derogate, detract,
digest, diminish, disparage, dock, downgrade, drain, draw, draw in,
draw together, eat away, elide, epitomize, erode, excerpt, extract,
file away, foreshorten, hem, impair, knit, leach, lessen, lower,
minify, minimize, mow, narrow, nip, nutshell, outline, pare, poll,
pollard, prune, pucker, pucker up, purify, purse, reap, recap,
recapitulate, reduce, refine, remove, retrench, roll back,
rub away, scale down, shave, shear, shrink, simplify, sketch,
sketch out, slash, snub, solidify, step down, strangle,
strangulate, stunt, subduct, subtract, sum up, summarize,
synopsize, take away, take from, take in, telescope, thin,
thin out, trim, truncate, tune down, waste no words, wear away,
weed, withdraw, wrinkle

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shorten查看 shorten 在Google字典中的解釋Google英翻中〔查看〕
shorten查看 shorten 在Yahoo字典中的解釋Yahoo英翻中〔查看〕





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