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servant    音標拼音: [s'ɚvənt]
n. 仆人,雇員,公務員;有用的工具

僕人,雇員,公務員;有用的工具

servant
n 1: a person working in the service of another (especially in
the household) [synonym: {servant}, {retainer}]
2: in a subordinate position; "theology should be the handmaiden
of ethics"; "the state cannot be a servant of the church"
[synonym: {handmaid}, {handmaiden}, {servant}]

Servant \Serv"ant\, n. [OE. servant, servaunt, F. servant, a &
p. pr. of servir to serve, L. servire. See {Serve}, and cf.
{Sergeant}.]
1. One who serves, or does services, voluntarily or on
compulsion; a person who is employed by another for menial
offices, or for other labor, and is subject to his
command; a person who labors or exerts himself for the
benefit of another, his master or employer; a subordinate
helper. "A yearly hired servant." --Lev. xxv. 53.
[1913 Webster]

Men in office have begun to think themselves mere
agents and servants of the appointing power, and not
agents of the government or the country. --D.
Webster.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In a legal sense, stewards, factors, bailiffs, and
other agents, are servants for the time they are
employed in such character, as they act in
subordination to others. So any person may be legally
the servant of another, in whose business, and under
whose order, direction, and control, he is acting for
the time being. --Chitty.
[1913 Webster]

2. One in a state of subjection or bondage.
[1913 Webster]

Thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt. --Deut. v.
15.
[1913 Webster]

3. A professed lover or suitor; a gallant. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

In my time a servant was I one. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

{Servant of servants}, one debased to the lowest condition of
servitude.

{Your humble servant}, or {Your obedient servant}, phrases of
civility formerly often used in closing a letter, now
archaic; -- at one time such phrases were exaggerated to
include {Your most humble, most obedient servant}.
[1913 Webster PJC]

Our betters tell us they are our humble servants,
but understand us to be their slaves. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]


Servant \Serv"ant\, v. t.
To subject. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

194 Moby Thesaurus words for "servant":
Charlie McCarthy, Ganymede, acolyte, adherent, adjutant, agent,
aid, aide, aide-de-camp, aider, amah, ancilla, appendage,
appliance, assistant, attendant, au pair girl, auxiliary, ayah,
best man, blue-collar worker, bondmaid, bondman, bondslave,
bondsman, bondswoman, boots, boy, breadwinner, butler, captive,
casual, casual laborer, charwoman, chatelaine, chattel,
chattel slave, chauffeur, chef, churl, civil servant, cleaner,
cleaning man, cleaning woman, coachman, coadjutant, coadjutor,
coadjutress, coadjutrix, common laborer, concubine, contrivance,
cook, creature, daily, dangler, day laborer, debt slave, dependent,
deputy, device, domestic servant, driver, dummy, dupe, employee,
executive officer, factory worker, factotum, flunky, follower,
footman, free lance, free-lancer, full-time worker, galley slave,
go-between, governess, groom, hand, handmaid, handmaiden,
hanger-on, heeler, helot, help, helper, helpmate, helpmeet,
henchman, homager, houseboy, housekeeper, houseman, implement,
industrial worker, inferior, instrument, interagent, intermediary,
intermediate, intermedium, jobber, jobholder, junior, laborer,
laboring man, lackey, lever, liege, liege man, liege subject,
lieutenant, maid, maidservant, man, manservant, mechanism,
mediator, medium, menial, midwife, migrant, minion, moiler, nanny,
navvy, nurse, nursemaid, odalisque, office temporary, organ, page,
paranymph, paraprofessional, pawn, peon, plaything, postilion,
proletarian, public servant, puppet, retainer, right-hand man,
roustabout, salaried worker, satellite, scullion, second,
secondary, self-employed person, seneschal, serf, servitor, shadow,
sideman, slave, steward, stewardess, stiff, stooge, subject,
subordinate, supporting actor, supporting instrumentalist, tagtail,
temporary, theow, thrall, toiler, tool, toy, tweeny, underling,
understrapper, upstairs maid, valet, vassal, vehicle, villein,
wage earner, wage slave, wageworker, waiter, waitress, ward heeler,
wine steward, worker, workgirl, workhand, working girl, workingman,
workingwoman, workman

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