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scheme    音標拼音: [sk'im]
n. 方案,計劃,組合,系統,圖解,摘要,詭計,陰謀
vi. 計劃,設計,圖謀,策劃


計策; 方案

籌畫 方案

n 1: an elaborate and systematic plan of action [synonym: {scheme},
2: a statement that evades the question by cleverness or
trickery [synonym: {dodge}, {dodging}, {scheme}]
3: a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a
unified whole; "a vast system of production and distribution
and consumption keep the country going" [synonym: {system},
4: an internal representation of the world; an organization of
concepts and actions that can be revised by new information
about the world [synonym: {schema}, {scheme}]
5: a schematic or preliminary plan [synonym: {outline}, {schema},
v 1: form intrigues (for) in an underhand manner [synonym: {scheme},
{intrigue}, {connive}]
2: devise a system or form a scheme for

Scheme \Scheme\, n. [L. schema a rhetorical figure, a shape,
figure, manner, Gr. ?, ?, form, shape, outline, plan, fr. ?,
?, to have or hold, to hold out, sustain, check, stop; cf.
Skr. sah to be victorious, to endure, to hold out, AS. sige
victory, G. sieg. Cf. {Epoch}, {Hectic}, {School}.]
1. A combination of things connected and adjusted by design;
a system.
[1913 Webster]

The appearance and outward scheme of things.
[1913 Webster]

Such a scheme of things as shall at once take in
time and eternity. --Atterbury.
[1913 Webster]

Arguments . . . sufficient to support and
demonstrate a whole scheme of moral philosophy. --J.
[1913 Webster]

The Revolution came and changed his whole scheme of
life. --Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

2. A plan or theory something to be done; a design; a
project; as, to form a scheme.
[1913 Webster]

The stoical scheme of supplying our wants by lopping
off our desires, is like cutting off our feet when
we want shoes. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

3. Any lineal or mathematical diagram; an outline.
[1913 Webster]

To draw an exact scheme of Constantinople, or a map
of France. --South.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Astrol.) A representation of the aspects of the celestial
bodies for any moment or at a given event.
[1913 Webster]

A blue silk case, from which was drawn a scheme of
nativity. --Sir W.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Plan; project; contrivance; purpose; device; plot.

Usage: {Scheme}, {Plan}. Scheme and plan are subordinate to
design; they propose modes of carrying our designs
into effect. Scheme is the least definite of the two,
and lies more in speculation. A plan is drawn out into
details with a view to being carried into effect. As
schemes are speculative, they often prove visionary;
hence the opprobrious use of the words schemer and
scheming. Plans, being more practical, are more
frequently carried into effect.
[1913 Webster]

He forms the well-concerted scheme of mischief;
'T is fixed, 't is done, and both are doomed to
death. --Rowe.
[1913 Webster]

Artists and plans relieved my solemn hours;
I founded palaces, and planted bowers. --Prior.
[1913 Webster]

Scheme \Scheme\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Schemed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
To make a scheme of; to plan; to design; to project; to plot.
[1913 Webster]

That wickedness which schemed, and executed, his
destruction. --G. Stuart.
[1913 Webster]

Scheme \Scheme\, v. i.
To form a scheme or schemes.
[1913 Webster]

264 Moby Thesaurus words for "scheme":
Byzantine intrigues, action, anagnorisis, angle, approach,
architectonics, architecture, argument, arrangement, art,
artful dodge, artifice, atmosphere, attack, background,
backstairs influence, bag of tricks, blind, blueprint,
blueprinting, bluff, bosey, brew, cabal, calculate, calculation,
catalog, catalogue raisonne, catastrophe, catch, characterization,
chart, charting, chicanery, chouse, collude, collusion, color,
complication, complicity, complot, conception, concoct,
confederacy, connections, connivance, connive, conspiracy,
conspire, continuity, contrivance, contrive, contriving, cook up,
countermine, counterplot, coup, course of action, covin, craft,
curve, curve-ball, cute trick, deals, deceit, deep-laid plot,
denouement, design, development, device, devise, diagram,
dirty deal, dirty trick, disposition, dodge, draft, drawing,
engineer, engineering, enterprise, envisagement, episode,
expedient, exposition, fable, fakement, falling action, fast deal,
feint, fetch, ficelle, figuring, finagle, finagling, finesse, fix,
foresight, forethink, forethought, formulate, frame, frame up,
frame-up, gambit, game, game plan, games, gerrymander, gimmick,
googly, graph, graphing, grift, ground plan, guidelines, hatch,
hatch a plot, hatch up, hocus-pocus, idea, incident,
influence peddling, intention, intrigue, intrigues, jockey, joker,
juggle, jugglery, knavery, lay a plot, layout, line, lineup,
little game, lobbying, lobbyism, local color, long-range plan,
machinate, machination, maneuver, maneuvering, manipulate,
manipulation, map, mapping, master plan, method, methodology, mood,
motif, move, movement, mythos, operate, operations research, order,
ordering, organization, organize, outline, pack, pack the deal,
pass, pattern, peripeteia, plan, planning, planning function,
play games, plot, plotting, ploy, ploys, practice, prearrange,
prearrangement, preconcert, preconsider, precontrive, predesign,
predetermine, premeditate, preorder, preresolve, presentation,
procedure, program, program of action, project, projection,
proposal, proposition, pull strings, racket, rationalization,
recognition, red herring, rig, rigging, rising action, ropes, ruse,
scenario, schedule, schema, schematic, schematism, schematization,
scheme of arrangement, schemery, schemes, scheming, scurvy trick,
secondary plot, set up, setup, sew up, shift, slant, sleight,
sleight of hand, sleight-of-hand trick, stack the cards, story,
stratagem, strategic plan, strategy, strings, structure, subject,
subplot, subterfuge, suggestion, switch, system, systematization,
table, table of contents, tactic, tactical plan, tactics,
technique, the big picture, the picture, thematic development,
theme, tone, topic, trick, trickery, twist, underplot, wangle, way,
web of intrigue, wile, wily device, wire-pulling, wires,
work out beforehand, working plan

(Originally "Schemer", by analogy with {Planner}
and {Conniver}). A small, uniform {Lisp} dialect with clean
{semantics}, developed initially by {Guy Steele} and {Gerald
Sussman} in 1975. Scheme uses {applicative order reduction}
and {lexical scope}. It treats both {functions} and
{continuations} as {first-class} objects.

One of the most used implementations is {DrScheme}, others
include {Bigloo}, {Elk}, {Liar}, {Orbit}, {Scheme86} (Indiana
U), {SCM}, {MacScheme} (Semantic Microsystems), {PC Scheme}
(TI), {MIT Scheme}, and {T}.

See also {Kamin's interpreters}, {PSD}, {PseudoScheme},
{Schematik}, {Scheme Repository}, {STk}, {syntax-case}, {Tiny
Clos}, {Paradigms of AI Programming}.

There have been a series of revisions of the report defining
Scheme, known as {RRS} (Revised Report on Scheme), {R2RS}
(Revised Revised Report ..), {R3RS}, {R3.99RS}, {R4RS}.

{Scheme resources (http://schemers.org/)}.

Mailing list: scheme@mc.lcs.mit.edu.

[IEEE P1178-1990, "IEEE Standard for the Scheme Programming
Language", ISBN 1-55937-125-0].


scheme查看 scheme 在Google字典中的解釋Google英翻中〔查看〕
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