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Scale    音標拼音: [sk'el]
n.
比例,刻度,衡量,比例尺,數值范圍,等級,規模,天平,秤盤,秤,鱗,鱗片,積垢

比例,刻度,衡量,比例尺,數值範圍,等級,規模,天平,秤盤,秤,鱗,鱗片,積垢

scale
灰度比例


scale
標度; 尺度


scale
二標度

scale
標度 尺度 音階 比例尺 規模

scale
n 1: an ordered reference standard; "judging on a scale of 1 to
10" [synonym: {scale}, {scale of measurement}, {graduated
table}, {ordered series}]
2: relative magnitude; "they entertained on a grand scale"
3: the ratio between the size of something and a representation
of it; "the scale of the map"; "the scale of the model"
4: a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin
[synonym: {scale}, {scale leaf}]
5: a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the
skin [synonym: {scale}, {scurf}, {exfoliation}]
6: (music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a
specific scheme (usually within an octave) [synonym: {scale},
{musical scale}]
7: a measuring instrument for weighing; shows amount of mass
[synonym: {scale}, {weighing machine}]
8: an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks
9: a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield
attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners) [synonym:
{plate}, {scale}, {shell}]
10: a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of
many animals
v 1: measure by or as if by a scale; "This bike scales only 25
pounds"
2: pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according
to some rate or standard
3: take by attacking with scaling ladders; "The troops scaled
the walls of the fort"
4: reach the highest point of; "We scaled the Mont Blanc" [synonym:
{scale}, {surmount}]
5: climb up by means of a ladder
6: remove the scales from; "scale fish" [synonym: {scale},
{descale}]
7: measure with or as if with scales; "scale the gold"
8: size or measure according to a scale; "This model must be
scaled down"

Scale \Scale\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scaled}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Scaling}.]
To weigh or measure according to a scale; to measure; also,
to grade or vary according to a scale or system.
[1913 Webster]

Scaling his present bearing with his past. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

{To scale a debt, wages, etc.} or {To scale down a debt,
wages, etc.}, to reduce a debt, etc., according to a fixed
ratio or scale. [U.S.]
[1913 Webster]


Scale \Scale\ (sk[=a]l), n. [AS. sc[=a]le; perhaps influenced by
the kindred Icel. sk[=a]l balance, dish, akin also to D.
schaal a scale, bowl, shell, G. schale, OHG. sc[=a]la, Dan.
skaal drinking cup, bowl, dish, and perh. to E. scale of a
fish. Cf. {Scale} of a fish, {Skull} the brain case.]
1. The dish of a balance; hence, the balance itself; an
instrument or machine for weighing; as, to turn the scale;
-- chiefly used in the plural when applied to the whole
instrument or apparatus for weighing. Also used
figuratively.
[1913 Webster]

Long time in even scale
The battle hung. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

The scales are turned; her kindness weighs no more
Now than my vows. --Waller.
[1913 Webster]

2. pl. (Astron.) The sign or constellation Libra.
[1913 Webster]

{Platform scale}. See under {Platform}.
[1913 Webster]


Scale \Scale\, v. i.
1. To separate and come off in thin layers or laminae; as,
some sandstone scales by exposure.
[1913 Webster]

Those that cast their shell are the lobster and
crab; the old skins are found, but the old shells
never; so it is likely that they scale off. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

2. To separate; to scatter. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
[1913 Webster]


Scale \Scale\, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin
to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell,
Dan. skiael a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale,
shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps
rather fr. OF. escale, escaile, F. ['e]caille scale of a
fish, and ['e]cale shell of beans, pease, eggs, nuts, of
German origin, and akin to Goth. skalja, G. schale. See
{Shale}.]
1. (Anat.) One of the small, thin, membranous, bony or horny
pieces which form the covering of many fishes and
reptiles, and some mammals, belonging to the dermal part
of the skeleton, or dermoskeleton. See {Cycloid},
{Ctenoid}, and {Ganoid}.
[1913 Webster]

Fish that, with their fins and shining scales,
Glide under the green wave. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. Hence, any layer or leaf of metal or other material,
resembling in size and thinness the scale of a fish; as, a
scale of iron, of bone, etc.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Zool.) One of the small scalelike structures covering
parts of some invertebrates, as those on the wings of
Lepidoptera and on the body of Thysanura; the elytra of
certain annelids. See {Lepidoptera}.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Zool.) A scale insect. (See below.)
[1913 Webster]

5. (Bot.) A small appendage like a rudimentary leaf,
resembling the scales of a fish in form, and often in
arrangement; as, the scale of a bud, of a pine cone, and
the like. The name is also given to the chaff on the stems
of ferns.
[1913 Webster]

6. The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a
pocketknife. See Illust. of {Pocketknife}.
[1913 Webster]

7. An incrustation deposit on the inside of a vessel in which
water is heated, as a steam boiler.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Metal.) The thin oxide which forms on the surface of iron
forgings. It consists essentially of the magnetic oxide,
{Fe3O4}. Also, a similar coating upon other metals.
[1913 Webster]

{Covering scale} (Zool.), a hydrophyllium.

{Ganoid scale}. (Zool.) See under {Ganoid}.

{Scale armor} (Mil.), armor made of small metallic scales
overlapping, and fastened upon leather or cloth.

{Scale beetle} (Zool.), the tiger beetle.

{Scale carp} (Zool.), a carp having normal scales.

{Scale insect} (Zool.), any one of numerous species of small
hemipterous insects belonging to the family {Coccidae}, in
which the females, when adult, become more or less
scalelike in form. They are found upon the leaves and
twigs of various trees and shrubs, and often do great
damage to fruit trees. See {Orange scale},under {Orange}.


{Scale moss} (Bot.), any leafy-stemmed moss of the order
{Hepaticae}; -- so called from the small imbricated
scalelike leaves of most of the species. See {Hepatica},
2, and {Jungermannia}.
[1913 Webster]


Scale \Scale\, v. t.
1. To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish;
to scale the inside of a boiler.
[1913 Webster]

2. To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the
teeth; to pare off, as a surface. "If all the mountains
were scaled, and the earth made even." --T. Burnet.
[1913 Webster]

3. To scatter; to spread. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
[1913 Webster]

4. (Gun.) To clean, as the inside of a cannon, by the
explosion of a small quantity of powder. --Totten.
[1913 Webster]


Scale \Scale\, n. [L. scalae, pl., scala staircase, ladder; akin
to scandere to climb. See {Scan}; cf. {Escalade}.]
1. A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

2. Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a
measure or rule, or marked by lines at regular intervals.
Specifically:
(a) A mathematical instrument, consisting of a slip of
wood, ivory, or metal, with one or more sets of spaces
graduated and numbered on its surface, for measuring
or laying off distances, etc., as in drawing,
plotting, and the like. See {Gunter's scale}.
(b) A series of spaces marked by lines, and representing
proportionately larger distances; as, a scale of
miles, yards, feet, etc., for a map or plan.
(c) A basis for a numeral system; as, the decimal scale;
the binary scale, etc.
(d) (Mus.) The graduated series of all the tones,
ascending or descending, from the keynote to its
octave; -- called also the {gamut}. It may be repeated
through any number of octaves. See {Chromatic scale},
{Diatonic scale}, {Major scale}, and {Minor scale},
under {Chromatic}, {Diatonic}, {Major}, and {Minor}.
[1913 Webster]

3. Gradation; succession of ascending and descending steps
and degrees; progressive series; scheme of comparative
rank or order; as, a scale of being.
[1913 Webster]

There is a certain scale of duties . . . which for
want of studying in right order, all the world is in
confusion. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

4. Relative dimensions, without difference in proportion of
parts; size or degree of the parts or components in any
complex thing, compared with other like things;
especially, the relative proportion of the linear
dimensions of the parts of a drawing, map, model, etc., to
the dimensions of the corresponding parts of the object
that is represented; as, a map on a scale of an inch to a
mile.
[1913 Webster]

{Scale of chords}, a graduated scale on which are given the
lengths of the chords of arcs from 0[deg] to 90[deg] in a
circle of given radius, -- used in measuring given angles
and in plotting angles of given numbers of degrees.
[1913 Webster]


Scale \Scale\, v. t. [Cf. It. scalare, fr. L. scalae, scala. See
{Scale} a ladder.]
To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by
steps or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of
a fort.
[1913 Webster]

Oft have I scaled the craggy oak. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]


Scale \Scale\, v. i.
To lead up by steps; to ascend. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Satan from hence, now on the lower stair,
That scaled by steps of gold to heaven-gate,
Looks down with wonder. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

392 Moby Thesaurus words for "scale":
Danish balance, Indian file, Lambert conformal projection,
Mercator projection, Miller projection, Roman balance,
Weightometer, accommodation ladder, adjust, aeronautical chart,
alloy balance, amount, amplitude, analytical balance, area,
arrange in layers, array, articulation, ascend, assay balance,
astronomical chart, atlas, azimuthal equidistant projection,
azimuthal projection, balance, balance of precision, bank,
barometer, barrel scale, beam, bigness, board, body, breach,
breadth, break, breakage, bulk, bullion balance, burst, bust, buzz,
cake, caking, caliber, calibration, canon, carry, cartographer,
cartography, catena, catenation, celestial chart, celestial globe,
chain, chain reaction, chaining, chart, check, chip, chip off,
chorographer, chorography, chromatic scale, clamber, clamber up,
cleft, climatic chart, climb, climb over, climb up, coat, coating,
compass, concatenation, conic projection, connection, consecution,
continuum, contour line, contour map, counter scale, course,
coverage, crack, criterion, crust, cut, cycle, cylinder scale,
cylindrical projection, dandruff, decorticate, decrease, degree,
delaminate, depth, descent, desquamate, diameter, diapason,
dimension, dimensions, diminish, dodecuple scale, doorstep, drone,
drum scale, enamel, encrustation, endless belt, endless round,
enharmonic scale, enlarge, escalade, escalate, eschar, exfoliate,
expanse, expansion, extension, extension ladder, extent, facing,
fan scale, file, filiation, film, fissure, flake, flake off,
flexure plate scale, floccule, flocculus, flock, folding ladder,
footrest, footstep, foray, fracture, fur, gamut, gangway ladder,
gap, gauge, general reference map, girth, globe,
gnomonic projection, go up, gradation, grade, graduated scale,
graduation, graphic scale, great scale, greatness, grid line,
hachure, height, heliographic chart, hierarchy, hum,
hydrographic chart, imbrication, increase, incrustation, index,
inroad, interval, inundate, invade, isoline, lacquer, ladder,
lamella, lamina, laminate, largeness, latitude, lay down, lay up,
layer, layer tint, leap, legend, length, level, lever scales, line,
lineage, long-arm balance, longitude, lower, magnitude,
major scale, make a raid, make an inroad, map, map maker,
map projection, mapper, mark, mass, measure, measurement,
melodic minor, meridian, minor scale, model, monotone, mount,
nexus, norm, notch, nuance, octave scale, overlay, overwhelm,
paint, pair of scales, parallel, parameter, paring, pas,
pastry shell, pattern, peel, peg, pellicle, pendulum,
pentatonic scale, period, periodicity, photogrammetrist,
photogrammetry, photomap, phototopography, physical map, piecrust,
pitch, plane, plaque, plate, plate fulcrum scale, plateau,
platform scale, plenum, point, political map, polyconic projection,
powder train, precision balance, precision scale, progression,
projection, proportion, proportions, prorate, quantity,
quarter ladder, queue, radius, raid, raise, ramp, range, rank,
ranking, rate, ratio, reach, reading, readout, recurrence, reduce,
register, regulate, relief map, remove, rent,
representative fraction, rest, reticulation, revetment, rift, rip,
riser, road map, rotation, round, routine, row, rule, run, rundle,
rung, rupture, scab, scale off, scale the heights, scale the walls,
scales, scope, scrabble up, scramble up, scum, scurf, scute,
scutum, sequence, series, shade, shadow, shaving, shell, shin,
shin up, shinny, short-arm balance, single file,
sinusoidal projection, size, skin, slash, slice, slit, snap, space,
special map, spectrum, spiral balance, splinter, split, spoke,
spread, stair, stalactite, stalagmite, standard, stave, step,
step stool, stepladder, stepping-stone, stern ladder, stint, storm,
stratify, stretch, string, strip, struggle up, succession,
surmount, swath, sweep, take by storm, tartar, tear, temperament,
terrain map, terrestrial globe, test, thematic map, thread, tier,
topographer, topographic chart, topography, touchstone, train,
transportation map, tread, tuning, type, upclimb, upgo, value,
varnish, veneer, volume, weather chart, weather map, weigh scales,
weighbridge, weighing machine, weight voltameter, whole-tone scale,
width, windrow, yardstick

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