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sail    音標拼音: [s'el]
n. 帆,篷,船只,航程,航行,帆狀物
vi. 航行,啟航,張帆而行
vt. 航行于,駕船

帆,篷,船隻,航程,航行,帆狀物航行,啟航,張帆而行航行於,駕船

sail
n 1: a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of
which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel [synonym: {sail},
{canvas}, {canvass}, {sheet}]
2: an ocean trip taken for pleasure [synonym: {cruise}, {sail}]
3: any structure that resembles a sail
v 1: traverse or travel on (a body of water); "We sailed the
Atlantic"; "He sailed the Pacific all alone"
2: move with sweeping, effortless, gliding motions; "The diva
swept into the room"; "Shreds of paper sailed through the
air"; "The searchlights swept across the sky" [synonym: {sweep},
{sail}]
3: travel on water propelled by wind; "I love sailing,
especially on the open sea"; "the ship sails on"
4: travel on water propelled by wind or by other means; "The QE2
will sail to Southampton tomorrow" [synonym: {voyage}, {sail},
{navigate}]

Sail \Sail\, n. [OE. seil, AS. segel, segl; akin to D. zeil,
OHG. segal, G. & Sw. segel, Icel. segl, Dan. seil. [root]
153.]
1. An extent of canvas or other fabric by means of which the
wind is made serviceable as a power for propelling vessels
through the water.
[1913 Webster]

Behoves him now both sail and oar. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. Anything resembling a sail, or regarded as a sail.
[1913 Webster]

3. A wing; a van. [Poetic]
[1913 Webster]

Like an eagle soaring
To weather his broad sails. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

4. The extended surface of the arm of a windmill.
[1913 Webster]

5. A sailing vessel; a vessel of any kind; a craft.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In this sense, the plural has usually the same form as
the singular; as, twenty sail were in sight.
[1913 Webster]

6. A passage by a sailing vessel; a journey or excursion upon
the water.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Sails are of two general kinds, {fore-and-aft sails},
and {square sails}. Square sails are always bent to
yards, with their foot lying across the line of the
vessel. Fore-and-aft sails are set upon stays or gaffs
with their foot in line with the keel. A fore-and-aft
sail is triangular, or quadrilateral with the after
leech longer than the fore leech. Square sails are
quadrilateral, but not necessarily square. See Phrases
under {Fore}, a., and {Square}, a.; also, {Bark},
{Brig}, {Schooner}, {Ship}, {Stay}.
[1913 Webster]

{Sail burton} (Naut.), a purchase for hoisting sails aloft
for bending.

{Sail fluke} (Zool.), the whiff.

{Sail hook}, a small hook used in making sails, to hold the
seams square.

{Sail loft}, a loft or room where sails are cut out and made.


{Sail room} (Naut.), a room in a vessel where sails are
stowed when not in use.

{Sail yard} (Naut.), the yard or spar on which a sail is
extended.

{Shoulder-of-mutton sail} (Naut.), a triangular sail of
peculiar form. It is chiefly used to set on a boat's mast.


{To crowd sail}. (Naut.) See under {Crowd}.

{To loose sails} (Naut.), to unfurl or spread sails.

{To make sail} (Naut.), to extend an additional quantity of
sail.

{To set a sail} (Naut.), to extend or spread a sail to the
wind.

{To set sail} (Naut.), to unfurl or spread the sails; hence,
to begin a voyage.

{To shorten sail} (Naut.), to reduce the extent of sail, or
take in a part.

{To strike sail} (Naut.), to lower the sails suddenly, as in
saluting, or in sudden gusts of wind; hence, to
acknowledge inferiority; to abate pretension.

{Under sail}, having the sails spread.
[1913 Webster]


Sail \Sail\, v. t.
1. To pass or move upon, as in a ship, by means of sails;
hence, to move or journey upon (the water) by means of
steam or other force.
[1913 Webster]

A thousand ships were manned to sail the sea.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. To fly through; to glide or move smoothly through.
[1913 Webster]

Sublime she sails
The aerial space, and mounts the wing[`e]d gales.
--Pope.
[1913 Webster]

3. To direct or manage the motion of, as a vessel; as, to
sail one's own ship. --Totten.
[1913 Webster]


Sail \Sail\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Sailed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Sailing}.] [AS. segelian, seglian. See {Sail}, n.]
1. To be impelled or driven forward by the action of wind
upon sails, as a ship on water; to be impelled on a body
of water by the action of steam or other power.
[1913 Webster]

2. To move through or on the water; to swim, as a fish or a
water fowl.
[1913 Webster]

3. To be conveyed in a vessel on water; to pass by water; as,
they sailed from London to Canton.
[1913 Webster]

4. To set sail; to begin a voyage.
[1913 Webster]

5. To move smoothly through the air; to glide through the air
without apparent exertion, as a bird.
[1913 Webster]

As is a winged messenger of heaven, . . .
When he bestrides the lazy pacing clouds,
And sails upon the bosom of the air. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

178 Moby Thesaurus words for "sail":
aeroplane, airlift, airplane, balloon, balloon sail, batten,
be airborne, be effortless, be painless, boat, boltrope, breeze,
canoe, canvas, carry sail, circumnavigate, clew, cloth, coast,
course, cringle, cross, crossing, crowd of sail, cruise, dart,
drift, earing, embark, ferry, fleet, flit, float, flow, fly,
fly-by-night, flying kites, foot, fore gaff-topsail,
fore topgallant sail, fore-and-aft sail, fore-skysail,
fore-topmast staysail, fore-topsail, foreroyal, foresail,
forestaysail, galley, get under way, ghost, give no trouble, glide,
glissade, go by ship, go easily, go like clockwork,
go off soundings, go on shipboard, go to sea, have way upon, head,
hop, hover, hydroplane, ice-skate, jenny, jet, jib, jigger, leech,
leg, leg-of-mutton sail, loose-footed sail, luff, lug,
main gaff-topsail, main royal, main skysail, main-royal staysail,
main-topsail, mainsail, make a passage, mizzen, mizzen skysail,
mizzen staysail, mizzen-royal staysail, mizzen-topgallant sail,
moonraker, moonsail, motorboat, muslin, navigate, ocean trip,
parachute spinnaker, passage, pilot, plain sail, plane,
plow the deep, ply, present no difficulties, press of sail,
push off, put off, put to sea, rag, reduced sail, reef, reef point,
reefed sail, ride, ride the sea, roll, roller-skate, row, royal,
run, run smoothly, sail away, sail round, sail the sea, sailboat,
sailing boat, sailing cruiser, sailing ship, sailing vessel,
sailplane, scud, scull, sea trip, seafare, seaplane, set sail,
shakedown cruise, shoot, shove off, sideslip, skate, skateboard,
ski, skid, skim, skyscraper, sled, sleigh, slide, slip, slither,
soar, spanker, spinnaker, spitfire, square sail, staysail, steam,
steamboat, steer, stern staysail, storm trysail, sweep,
take a voyage, take the air, take wing, tall ship, toboggan,
topsail, traverse, trysail, volplane, voyage, waft,
walk the waters, windboat, windjammer, windship, wing, work well,
yacht

1. {Stanford Artificial Intelligence
Laboratory}.

2. {Stanford Artificial Intelligence Language}.

3. An early system on the {Larc} computer.

[Listed in CACM 2(5):16, May 1959].

[{Jargon File}]

(2001-06-22)

Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory [language] (USA, AI)

SAIL: /sayl/, /S·A·I·L/, n. 1. The Stanford Artificial Intelligence Lab. An important site in
the early development of LISP; with the MIT AI Lab, BBN, CMU, XEROX PARC,
and the Unix community, one of the major wellsprings of technical
innovation and hacker-culture traditions (see the
WAITS entry for details). The SAIL machines were
shut down in late May 1990, scant weeks after the MIT AI Lab's ITS cluster
was officially decommissioned.



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