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running    音標拼音: [r'ʌnɪŋ]
n. 賽跑,流出,運轉
a. 流動的,跑著的,連續的

賽跑,流出,運轉流動的,跑著的,連續的

running
運轉時間

running
運行

running
adj 1: (of fluids) moving or issuing in a stream; "as mountain
stream with freely running water"; "hovels without
running water" [ant: {standing(a)}]
2: continually repeated over a period of time; "a running joke
among us"
3: of advancing the ball by running; "the team's running plays
worked better than its pass plays" [ant: {pass(a)},
{passing(a)}]
4: executed or initiated by running; "running plays worked
better than pass plays"; "took a running jump"; "a running
start" [ant: {standing(a)}]
5: measured lengthwise; "cost of lumber per running foot" [synonym:
{linear}, {running(a)}]
6: (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing; "in
running (or working) order"; "a functional set of brakes"
[synonym: {running(a)}, {operative}, {functional}, {working(a)}]
n 1: (American football) a play in which a player attempts to
carry the ball through or past the opposing team; "the
defensive line braced to stop the run"; "the coach put
great emphasis on running" [synonym: {run}, {running}, {running
play}, {running game}]
2: the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace; "he
broke into a run"; "his daily run keeps him fit" [synonym: {run},
{running}]
3: the state of being in operation; "the engine is running
smoothly"
4: the act of administering or being in charge of something; "he
has responsibility for the running of two companies at the
same time"
5: the act of participating in an athletic competition involving
running on a track [synonym: {track}, {running}]

Run \Run\ (r[u^]n), v. i. [imp. {Ran} (r[a^]n) or {Run}; p. p.
{Run}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp.
ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p.
p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn,
p. p. urnen); akin to D. runnen, rennen, OS. & OHG. rinnan,
G. rinnen, rennen, Icel. renna, rinna, Sw. rinna, r[aum]nna,
Dan. rinde, rende, Goth. rinnan, and perh. to L. oriri to
rise, Gr. 'orny`nai to stir up, rouse, Skr. [.r] (cf.
{Origin}), or perh. to L. rivus brook (cf. {Rival}).
[root]11. Cf. {Ember}, a., {Rennet}.]
1. To move, proceed, advance, pass, go, come, etc., swiftly,
smoothly, or with quick action; -- said of things animate
or inanimate. Hence, to flow, glide, or roll onward, as a
stream, a snake, a wagon, etc.; to move by quicker action
than in walking, as a person, a horse, a dog.
Specifically:
[1913 Webster]

2. Of voluntary or personal action:
(a) To go swiftly; to pass at a swift pace; to hasten.
[1913 Webster]

"Ha, ha, the fox!" and after him they ran.
--Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]
(b) To flee, as from fear or danger.
[1913 Webster]

As from a bear a man would run for life. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]
(c) To steal off; to depart secretly.
[1913 Webster]
(d) To contend in a race; hence, to enter into a contest;
to become a candidate; as, to run for Congress.
[1913 Webster]

Know ye not that they which run in a race run
all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that
ye may obtain. --1 Cor. ix.
24.
[1913 Webster]
(e) To pass from one state or condition to another; to
come into a certain condition; -- often with in or
into; as, to run into evil practices; to run in debt.
[1913 Webster]

Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast, to
rend my heart with grief and run distracted?
--Addison.
[1913 Webster]
(f) To exert continuous activity; to proceed; as, to run
through life; to run in a circle.
(g) To pass or go quickly in thought or conversation; as,
to run from one subject to another.
[1913 Webster]

Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set
of precepts foreign to his subject. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]
(h) To discuss; to continue to think or speak about
something; -- with on.
(i) To make numerous drafts or demands for payment, as
upon a bank; -- with on.
(j) To creep, as serpents.
[1913 Webster]

3. Of involuntary motion:
(a) To flow, as a liquid; to ascend or descend; to course;
as, rivers run to the sea; sap runs up in the spring;
her blood ran cold.
(b) To proceed along a surface; to extend; to spread.
[1913 Webster]

The fire ran along upon the ground. --Ex. ix.
23.
[1913 Webster]
(c) To become fluid; to melt; to fuse.
[1913 Webster]

As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run.
--Addison.
[1913 Webster]

Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire.
--Woodward.
[1913 Webster]
(d) To turn, as a wheel; to revolve on an axis or pivot;
as, a wheel runs swiftly round.
(e) To travel; to make progress; to be moved by mechanical
means; to go; as, the steamboat runs regularly to
Albany; the train runs to Chicago.
(f) To extend; to reach; as, the road runs from
Philadelphia to New York; the memory of man runneth
not to the contrary.
[1913 Webster]

She saw with joy the line immortal run,
Each sire impressed, and glaring in his son.
--Pope.
[1913 Webster]
(g) To go back and forth from place to place; to ply; as,
the stage runs between the hotel and the station.
(h) To make progress; to proceed; to pass.
[1913 Webster]

As fast as our time runs, we should be very glad
in most part of our lives that it ran much
faster. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]
(i) To continue in operation; to be kept in action or
motion; as, this engine runs night and day; the mill
runs six days in the week.
[1913 Webster]

When we desire anything, our minds run wholly on
the good circumstances of it; when it is
obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones.
--Swift.
[1913 Webster]
(j) To have a course or direction; as, a line runs east
and west.
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Where the generally allowed practice runs
counter to it. --Locke.
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Little is the wisdom, where the flight
So runs against all reason. --Shak.
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(k) To be in form thus, as a combination of words.
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The king's ordinary style runneth, "Our
sovereign lord the king." --Bp.
Sanderson.
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(l) To be popularly known; to be generally received.
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Men gave them their own names, by which they run
a great while in Rome. --Sir W.
Temple.
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Neither was he ignorant what report ran of
himself. --Knolles.
[1913 Webster]
(m) To have growth or development; as, boys and girls run
up rapidly.
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If the richness of the ground cause turnips to
run to leaves. --Mortimer.
[1913 Webster]
(n) To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.
[1913 Webster]

A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds.
--Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

Temperate climates run into moderate
governments. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]
(o) To spread and blend together; to unite; as, colors run
in washing.
[1913 Webster]

In the middle of a rainbow the colors are . . .
distinguished, but near the borders they run
into one another. --I. Watts.
[1913 Webster]
(p) To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in
force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in
company; as, certain covenants run with the land.
[1913 Webster]

Customs run only upon our goods imported or
exported, and that but once for all; whereas
interest runs as well upon our ships as goods,
and must be yearly paid. --Sir J.
Child.
[1913 Webster]
(q) To continue without falling due; to hold good; as, a
note has thirty days to run.
(r) To discharge pus or other matter; as, an ulcer runs.
(s) To be played on the stage a number of successive days
or nights; as, the piece ran for six months.
(t) (Naut.) To sail before the wind, in distinction from
reaching or sailing closehauled; -- said of vessels.
[1913 Webster]

4. Specifically, of a horse: To move rapidly in a gait in
which each leg acts in turn as a propeller and a
supporter, and in which for an instant all the limbs are
gathered in the air under the body. --Stillman (The Horse
in Motion).
[1913 Webster]

5. (Athletics) To move rapidly by springing steps so that
there is an instant in each step when neither foot touches
the ground; -- so distinguished from walking in athletic
competition.
[1913 Webster]

{As things run}, according to the usual order, conditions,
quality, etc.; on the average; without selection or
specification.

{To let run} (Naut.), to allow to pass or move freely; to
slacken or loosen.

{To run after}, to pursue or follow; to search for; to
endeavor to find or obtain; as, to run after similes.
--Locke.

{To run away}, to flee; to escape; to elope; to run without
control or guidance.

{To run away with}.
(a) To convey away hurriedly; to accompany in escape or
elopement.
(b) To drag rapidly and with violence; as, a horse runs
away with a carriage.

{To run down}.
(a) To cease to work or operate on account of the
exhaustion of the motive power; -- said of clocks,
watches, etc.
(b) To decline in condition; as, to run down in health.

{To run down a coast}, to sail along it.

{To run for an office}, to stand as a candidate for an
office.

{To run in} or {To run into}.
(a) To enter; to step in.
(b) To come in collision with.

{To run into} To meet, by chance; as, I ran into my brother
at the grocery store.

{To run in trust}, to run in debt; to get credit. [Obs.]

{To run in with}.
(a) To close; to comply; to agree with. [R.] --T. Baker.
(b) (Naut.) To make toward; to near; to sail close to; as,
to run in with the land.

{To run mad}, {To run mad after} or {To run mad on}. See
under {Mad}.

{To run on}.
(a) To be continued; as, their accounts had run on for a
year or two without a settlement.
(b) To talk incessantly.
(c) To continue a course.
(d) To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with
sarcasm; to bear hard on.
(e) (Print.) To be continued in the same lines, without
making a break or beginning a new paragraph.

{To run out}.
(a) To come to an end; to expire; as, the lease runs out
at Michaelmas.
(b) To extend; to spread. "Insectile animals . . . run all
out into legs." --Hammond.
(c) To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful
digressions.
(d) To be wasted or exhausted; to become poor; to become
extinct; as, an estate managed without economy will
soon run out.
[1913 Webster]

And had her stock been less, no doubt
She must have long ago run out. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

{To run over}.
(a) To overflow; as, a cup runs over, or the liquor runs
over.
(b) To go over, examine, or rehearse cursorily.
(c) To ride or drive over; as, to run over a child.

{To run riot}, to go to excess.

{To run through}.
(a) To go through hastily; as to run through a book.
(b) To spend wastefully; as, to run through an estate.

{To run to seed}, to expend or exhaust vitality in producing
seed, as a plant; figuratively and colloquially, to cease
growing; to lose vital force, as the body or mind.

{To run up}, to rise; to swell; to grow; to increase; as,
accounts of goods credited run up very fast.
[1913 Webster]

But these, having been untrimmed for many years, had
run up into great bushes, or rather dwarf trees.
--Sir W.
Scott.
[1913 Webster]

{To run with}.
(a) To be drenched with, so that streams flow; as, the
streets ran with blood.
(b) To flow while charged with some foreign substance.
"Its rivers ran with gold." --J. H. Newman.
[1913 Webster]


Running \Run"ning\, a.
1. Moving or advancing by running. Specifically, of a horse:
(a) Having a running gait; not a trotter or pacer.
(b) trained and kept for running races; as, a running
horse. --Law.
[1913 Webster]

2. Successive; one following the other without break or
intervention; -- said of periods of time; as, to be away
two days running; to sow land two years running.
[1913 Webster]

3. Flowing; easy; cursive; as, a running hand.
[1913 Webster]

4. Continuous; keeping along step by step; as, he stated the
facts with a running explanation. "A running conquest."
--Milton.
[1913 Webster]

What are art and science if not a running commentary
on Nature? --Hare.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Bot.) Extending by a slender climbing or trailing stem;
as, a running vine.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Med.) Discharging pus; as, a running sore.
[1913 Webster]

{Running block} (Mech.), a block in an arrangement of pulleys
which rises or sinks with the weight which is raised or
lowered.

{Running board}, a narrow platform extending along the side
of a locomotive.
[1913 Webster]


Running \Run"ning\, n.
The act of one who, or of that which runs; as, the running
was slow.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which runs or flows; the quantity of a liquid which
flows in a certain time or during a certain operation; as,
the first running of a still.
[1913 Webster]

3. The discharge from an ulcer or other sore.
[1913 Webster]

{At long running}, in the long run. [Obs.] --Jer. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

374 Moby Thesaurus words for "running":
acting, action, active, activity, actual, actuation, affluent,
agency, agile, alive, articulated, as is, ascending, at work,
authority, autograph, autographic, average, axial, back,
back-flowing, backward, being, besetting, breakneck, calligraphic,
candidacy, candidature, care, catenated, ceaseless, charge,
chirographic, colliquation, command, common, competition,
concatenated, conduct, confluent, connected, consecutively,
constant, contemporaneous, contemporary, contest, continual,
continually, continued, continuing, continuous, continuously,
control, coursing, current, cursive, cyclical, dashing,
decoagulation, decurrent, defluent, deliquescence, deliquium,
descending, diffluent, direct, direction, dissolution, dissolving,
dominant, double-quick, down-trending, downward, drifting, driving,
dynamic, dynamics, eagle-winged, effortless, endless, engrossed,
epidemic, event, execution, exercise, existent, existing,
expeditious, express, extant, fast, featureless, festering, fleet,
flowing, fluent, fluidification, fluidization, fluxional, fluxive,
flying, fresh, functional, functioning, fusibility, fusing, fusion,
galloping, game, gapless, gleet, going, going on, governance,
government, graphic, graphoanalytic, graphologic, graphometric,
guidance, gulfy, gushing, gyrational, gyratory, hair-trigger,
hand running, handling, hasty, headlong, holograph, holographic,
husbandry, hustling, ichor, immanent, immediate, in Indian file,
in a chain, in a line, in a row, in a series, in column,
in exercise, in file, in force, in hand, in longhand, in operation,
in play, in practice, in process, in shorthand, in single file,
in succession, in the works, in turn, in writing, inaction,
incessant, inscribed, instant, intendance, interminable, italic,
italicized, joined, jointless, kinematics, kinesipathy, kinesis,
kinesitherapy, kinetics, latest, leaching, lead, leading,
leukorrhea, light of heel, light-footed, linked, liquation,
liquefaction, liquescence, liquescency, live, lively, lixiviation,
longhand, management, managery, managing, manipulation, manuscript,
match, matter, mattering, mazy, meandering, meet, melting,
mercurial, mobilization, modern, monotonous, motion, motivation,
mounting, move, movement, moving, never-ending, new, night and day,
nimble, nimble-footed, nonstop, normal, occupation, on foot,
on paper, on the fire, ongoing, operancy, operating, operation,
operational, operative, ordering, ordinary, pandemic, passing,
peccant humor, penciled, penned, percolation, perennial,
performance, performing, periodic, perpetual, pilotage, plunging,
popular, pouring, practice, precipitate, predominant,
predominating, present, present-age, present-day, present-time,
prevailing, prevalent, printed, profluent, progressive,
progressively, prompt, purulence, pus, quick, quick as lightning,
quick as thought, race, racing, rampant, rankling, rapid, reckless,
recurrent, reflowing, refluent, regnant, regressive, regulation,
reigning, repetitive, responsibility, restlessness, retrogressive,
rife, rising, rotary, rotational, rotatory, round-the-clock,
routine, ruling, running for office, rushing, sanies, scriptorial,
scriptural, seamless, sequentially, serially, seriatim, serpentine,
serried, shorthand, sideward, sinking, sluggish, smooth, snappy,
soaring, solubilization, solution, spanking, speedy, stable,
standard, standing, standing for office, steady, steerage,
steering, step by step, stereotyped, stir, stirring, straight,
streaming, stylographic, successively, superintendence,
superintendency, supervision, suppuration, surging, surgy,
sustained, swift, that be, that is, thaw, thawing, the conn,
the helm, the wheel, thermoplasticity, tidal, topical, tournament,
turn about, twenty-four-hour, unbroken, unceasing, unclotting,
undifferentiated, unending, uniform, unintermitted, unintermittent,
unintermitting, uninterrupted, uninterruptedly, unrelieved,
unremitting, unrest, unstopped, up-to-date, up-to-the-minute,
up-trending, upward, usual, velocity, vortical, winged, work,
working, workings, written

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