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rudiment    音標拼音: [r'udɪmənt]
n. 基礎,入門,雛形,退化器官

基礎,入門,雛形,退化器官

rudiment
n 1: the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural); "he
mastered only the rudiments of geometry" [synonym: {rudiment},
{first rudiment}, {first principle}, {alphabet}, {ABC},
{ABC's}, {ABCs}]
2: the remains of a body part that was functional at an earlier
stage of life; "Meckel's diverticulum is the rudiment of the
embryonic yolk sac"

Rudiment \Ru"di*ment\ (r[udd]"d[i^]*ment), n. [L. rudimentum,
fr. rudis unwrought, ignorant, rude: cf. F. rudiment. See
{Rude}.]
1. That which is unformed or undeveloped; the principle which
lies at the bottom of any development; an unfinished
beginning.
[1913 Webster]

but I will bring thee where thou soon shalt quit
Those rudiments, and see before thine eyes
The monarchies of the earth. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

the single leaf is the rudiment of beauty in
landscape. --I. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

2. Hence, an element or first principle of any art or
science; a beginning of any knowledge; a first step.
[1913 Webster]

This boy is forest-born,
And hath been tutored in the rudiments
of many desperate studies. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

There he shall first lay down the rudiments
Of his great warfare. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Biol.) An imperfect organ or part, or one which is never
developed.
[1913 Webster]


Rudiment \Ru"di*ment\, v. t.
To furnish with first principles or rules; to insrtuct in the
rudiments. --Gayton.
[1913 Webster]

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