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rot    音標拼音: [r'ɑt]
n. 腐爛,腐蝕,敗壞
vi. 腐爛,爛,墮落,憔悴
vt. 使腐爛,使腐朽,使墮落

腐爛,腐蝕,敗壞腐爛,爛,墮落,憔悴使腐爛,使腐朽,使墮落

rot
n 1: a state of decay usually accompanied by an offensive odor
[synonym: {putrefaction}, {rot}]
2: (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal
action [synonym: {decomposition}, {rot}, {rotting},
{putrefaction}]
3: unacceptable behavior (especially ludicrously false
statements) [synonym: {bunk}, {bunkum}, {buncombe}, {guff},
{rot}, {hogwash}]
v 1: break down; "The bodies decomposed in the heat" [synonym:
{decompose}, {rot}, {molder}, {moulder}]
2: become physically weaker; "Political prisoners are wasting
away in many prisons all over the world" [synonym: {waste},
{rot}]

Rot \Rot\, v. t.
1. To make putrid; to cause to be wholly or partially
decomposed by natural processes; as, to rot vegetable
fiber.
[1913 Webster]

2. To expose, as flax, to a process of maceration, etc., for
the purpose of separating the fiber; to ret.
[1913 Webster]


Rot \Rot\, n.
1. Process of rotting; decay; putrefaction.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) A disease or decay in fruits, leaves, or wood,
supposed to be caused by minute fungi. See {Bitter rot},
{Black rot}, etc., below.
[1913 Webster]

3. [Cf. G. rotz glanders.] A fatal distemper which attacks
sheep and sometimes other animals. It is due to the
presence of a parasitic worm in the liver or gall bladder.
See 1st {Fluke}, 2.
[1913 Webster]

His cattle must of rot and murrain die. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

{Bitter rot} (Bot.), a disease of apples, caused by the
fungus {Glaeosporium fructigenum}. --F. L. Scribner.

{Black rot} (Bot.), a disease of grapevines, attacking the
leaves and fruit, caused by the fungus {Laestadia
Bidwellii}. --F. L. Scribner.

{Dry rot} (Bot.) See under {Dry}.

{Grinder's rot} (Med.) See under {Grinder}.

{Potato rot}. (Bot.) See under {Potato}.

{White rot} (Bot.), a disease of grapes, first appearing in
whitish pustules on the fruit, caused by the fungus
{Coniothyrium diplodiella}. --F. L. Scribner.
[1913 Webster]


Rot \Rot\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Rotted}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Rotting}.] [OE. rotien, AS. rotian; akin to D. rotten, Prov.
G. rotten, OHG. rozz?n, G. r["o]sten to steep flax, Icel.
rotna to rot, Sw. ruttna, Dan. raadne, Icel. rottin rotten.
[root]117. Cf. {Ret}, {Rotten}.]
1. To undergo a process common to organic substances by which
they lose the cohesion of their parts and pass through
certain chemical changes, giving off usually in some
stages of the process more or less offensive odors; to
become decomposed by a natural process; to putrefy; to
decay.
[1913 Webster]

Fixed like a plant on his peculiar spot,
To draw nutrition, propagate, and rot. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

2. Figuratively: To perish slowly; to decay; to die; to
become corrupt.
[1913 Webster]

Four of the sufferers were left to rot in irons.
--Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

Rot, poor bachelor, in your club. --Thackeray.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: To putrefy; corrupt; decay; spoil.
[1913 Webster]


Bane \Bane\ (b[=a]n), n. [OE. bane destruction, AS. bana
murderer; akin to Icel. bani death, murderer, OHG. bana
murder, bano murderer, Goth. banja stroke, wound, Gr. foney`s
murderer, fo`nos murder, OIr. bath death, benim I strike.
[root]31.]
1. That which destroys life, esp. poison of a deadly quality.
[Obs. except in combination, as in ratsbane, henbane,
etc.]
[1913 Webster]

2. Destruction; death. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

The cup of deception spiced and tempered to their
bane. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. Any cause of ruin, or lasting injury; harm; woe.
[1913 Webster]

Money, thou bane of bliss, and source of woe.
--Herbert.
[1913 Webster]

4. A disease in sheep, commonly termed the {rot}.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Poison; ruin; destruction; injury; pest.
[1913 Webster]

165 Moby Thesaurus words for "rot":
Texas fever, anthrax, aphthous fever, baloney, bighead, bilge,
black quarter, blackleg, blackwater, blah, blah-blah, blast,
blight, blind staggers, bloody flux, bop, bosh, break down,
break up, broken wind, bull, bullshit, bunk, bunkum, cancer,
canker, caries, carrion, cattle plague, charbon, corrupt,
corruption, crap, crumble, crumble into dust, dandruff, debase,
debauch, decay, decline, decompose, decomposition, degenerate,
demoralize, deprave, descend, disimprove, disintegrate, distemper,
dry rot, excrement, fall into decay, fall to pieces, fester, filth,
flapdoodle, foot-and-mouth disease, foul matter, foulness, fungus,
furfur, gangrene, gapes, gas, glanders, go bad, go to pieces, guff,
gup, heaves, hog cholera, hogwash, hokum, hooey,
hoof-and-mouth disease, hot air, hydrophobia, liver rot, loco,
loco disease, locoism, mad staggers, malarkey, malignant catarrh,
malignant catarrhal fever, malignant pustule, mange, megrims, mess,
mildew, milzbrand, mold, molder, moonshine, mortification, mortify,
moth, moth and rust, muck, mucus, must, necrose, necrosis,
obscenity, ordure, paratuberculosis, pervert, pest, piffle, pip,
poppycock, pseudotuberculosis, pus, putrefaction, putrefy,
putresce, putrescence, putrid matter, putridity, putridness,
quarter evil, rabies, rancidity, rancidness, rankle, rankness,
retrograde, rinderpest, rottenness, rubbish, rust, scabies, scat,
scurf, scuz, sheep rot, shit, sink, slime, slough, smut, snot,
sordes, sphacelate, sphacelation, sphacelus, splenic fever, spoil,
spoilage, staggers, stain, stringhalt, suppurate, swine dysentery,
taint, tommyrot, tooth decay, trash, tripe, turn, vitiate, warp,
wind, worm, worsen

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