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roll    音標拼音: [r'ol]
n. 卷,滾動,名單,案卷,壓路機,翻滾
vi. 滾,滾動,飄流,起伏,卷,繞
vt. 使滾動



滾動 滾筒

n 1: rotary motion of an object around its own axis; "wheels in
axial rotation" [synonym: {axial rotation}, {axial motion},
2: a list of names; "his name was struck off the rolls" [synonym:
{roll}, {roster}]
3: a long heavy sea wave as it advances towards the shore [synonym:
{roller}, {roll}, {rolling wave}]
4: photographic film rolled up inside a container to protect it
from light
5: a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles (as
formed by leaves or flower petals) [synonym: {coil}, {whorl},
{roll}, {curl}, {curlicue}, {ringlet}, {gyre}, {scroll}]
6: a roll of currency notes (often taken as the resources of a
person or business etc.); "he shot his roll on a bob-tailed
nag" [synonym: {bankroll}, {roll}]
7: small rounded bread either plain or sweet [synonym: {bun},
8: a deep prolonged sound (as of thunder or large bells) [synonym:
{peal}, {pealing}, {roll}, {rolling}]
9: the sound of a drum (especially a snare drum) beaten rapidly
and continuously [synonym: {paradiddle}, {roll}, {drum roll}]
10: a document that can be rolled up (as for storage) [synonym:
{scroll}, {roll}]
11: anything rolled up in cylindrical form
12: the act of throwing dice [synonym: {cast}, {roll}]
13: walking with a swaying gait
14: a flight maneuver; aircraft rotates about its longitudinal
axis without changing direction or losing altitude
15: the act of rolling something (as the ball in bowling) [synonym:
{roll}, {bowl}]
v 1: move by turning over or rotating; "The child rolled down
the hill"; "turn over on your left side" [synonym: {roll},
{turn over}]
2: move along on or as if on wheels or a wheeled vehicle; "The
President's convoy rolled past the crowds" [synonym: {wheel},
3: occur in soft rounded shapes; "The hills rolled past" [synonym:
{roll}, {undulate}]
4: flatten or spread with a roller; "roll out the paper" [synonym:
{roll out}, {roll}]
5: emit, produce, or utter with a deep prolonged reverberating
sound; "The thunder rolled"; "rolling drums"
6: arrange or or coil around; "roll your hair around your
finger"; "Twine the thread around the spool"; "She wrapped
her arms around the child" [synonym: {wind}, {wrap}, {roll},
{twine}] [ant: {unroll}, {unwind}, {wind off}]
7: begin operating or running; "The cameras were rolling"; "The
presses are already rolling"
8: shape by rolling; "roll a cigarette"
9: execute a roll, in tumbling; "The gymnasts rolled and jumped"
10: sell something to or obtain something from by energetic and
especially underhanded activity [synonym: {hustle}, {pluck},
11: move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion;
"The curtains undulated"; "the waves rolled towards the
beach" [synonym: {roll}, {undulate}, {flap}, {wave}]
12: move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in
search of food or employment; "The gypsies roamed the
woods"; "roving vagabonds"; "the wandering Jew"; "The cattle
roam across the prairie"; "the laborers drift from one town
to the next"; "They rolled from town to town" [synonym: {roll},
{wander}, {swan}, {stray}, {tramp}, {roam}, {cast},
{ramble}, {rove}, {range}, {drift}, {vagabond}]
13: move, rock, or sway from side to side; "The ship rolled on
the heavy seas"
14: cause to move by turning over or in a circular manner of as
if on an axis; "She rolled the ball"; "They rolled their
eyes at his words" [synonym: {roll}, {revolve}]
15: pronounce with a roll, of the phoneme /r/; "She rolls her
16: boil vigorously; "The liquid was seething"; "The water
rolled" [synonym: {seethe}, {roll}]
17: take the shape of a roll or cylinder; "the carpet rolled
out"; "Yarn rolls well"
18: show certain properties when being rolled; "The carpet rolls
unevenly"; "dried-out tobacco rolls badly" [synonym: {roll},
{roll up}]

Roll \Roll\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Rolled}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Rolling}.] [OF. roeler, roler, F. rouler, LL. rotulare, fr.
L. royulus, rotula, a little wheel, dim. of rota wheel; akin
to G. rad, and to Skr. ratha car, chariot. Cf. {Control},
{Roll}, n., {Rotary}.]
1. To cause to revolve by turning over and over; to move by
turning on an axis; to impel forward by causing to turn
over and over on a supporting surface; as, to roll a
wheel, a ball, or a barrel.
[1913 Webster]

2. To wrap round on itself; to form into a spherical or
cylindrical body by causing to turn over and over; as, to
roll a sheet of paper; to roll parchment; to roll clay or
putty into a ball.
[1913 Webster]

3. To bind or involve by winding, as in a bandage; to inwrap;
-- often with up; as, to roll up a parcel.
[1913 Webster]

4. To drive or impel forward with an easy motion, as of
rolling; as, a river rolls its waters to the ocean.
[1913 Webster]

The flood of Catholic reaction was rolled over
Europe. --J. A.
[1913 Webster]

5. To utter copiously, esp. with sounding words; to utter
with a deep sound; -- often with forth, or out; as, to
roll forth some one's praises; to roll out sentences.
[1913 Webster]

Who roll'd the psalm to wintry skies. --Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

6. To press or level with a roller; to spread or form with a
roll, roller, or rollers; as, to roll a field; to roll
paste; to roll steel rails, etc.
[1913 Webster]

7. To move, or cause to be moved, upon, or by means of,
rollers or small wheels.
[1913 Webster]

8. To beat with rapid, continuous strokes, as a drum; to
sound a roll upon.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Geom.) To apply (one line or surface) to another without
slipping; to bring all the parts of (one line or surface)
into successive contact with another, in suck manner that
at every instant the parts that have been in contact are
[1913 Webster]

10. To turn over in one's mind; to revolve.
[1913 Webster]

Full oft in heart he rolleth up and down
The beauty of these florins new and bright.
[1913 Webster]
[1913 Webster]

{To roll one's self}, to wallow.

{To roll the eye}, to direct its axis hither and thither in
quick succession.

{To roll one's r's}, to utter the letter r with a trill.
[1913 Webster]

Roll \Roll\, v. i.
1. To move, as a curved object may, along a surface by
rotation without sliding; to revolve upon an axis; to turn
over and over; as, a ball or wheel rolls on the earth; a
body rolls on an inclined plane.
[1913 Webster]

And her foot, look you, is fixed upon a spherical
stone, which rolls, and rolls, and rolls. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. To move on wheels; as, the carriage rolls along the
street. "The rolling chair." --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

3. To be wound or formed into a cylinder or ball; as, the
cloth rolls unevenly; the snow rolls well.
[1913 Webster]

4. To fall or tumble; -- with over; as, a stream rolls over a
[1913 Webster]

5. To perform a periodical revolution; to move onward as with
a revolution; as, the rolling year; ages roll away.
[1913 Webster]

6. To turn; to move circularly.
[1913 Webster]

And his red eyeballs roll with living fire.
[1913 Webster]

7. To move, as waves or billows, with alternate swell and
[1913 Webster]

What different sorrows did within thee roll.
[1913 Webster]

8. To incline first to one side, then to the other; to rock;
as, there is a great difference in ships about rolling; in
a general semse, to be tossed about.
[1913 Webster]

Twice ten tempestuous nights I rolled. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

9. To turn over, or from side to side, while lying down; to
wallow; as, a horse rolls.
[1913 Webster]

10. To spread under a roller or rolling-pin; as, the paste
rolls well.
[1913 Webster]

11. To beat a drum with strokes so rapid that they can
scarcely be distinguished by the ear.
[1913 Webster]

12. To make a loud or heavy rumbling noise; as, the thunder
[1913 Webster]

{To roll about}, to gad abroad. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Man shall not suffer his wife go roll about.
[1913 Webster]

Roll \Roll\, n. [F. r[^o]le a roll (in sense 3), fr. L. rotulus
? little wheel, LL., a roll, dim. of L. rota a wheel. See
{Roll}, v., and cf. {R[^o]le}, {Rouleau}, {Roulette}.]
1. The act of rolling, or state of being rolled; as, the roll
of a ball; the roll of waves.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which rolls; a roller. Specifically:
(a) A heavy cylinder used to break clods. --Mortimer.
(b) One of a set of revolving cylinders, or rollers,
between which metal is pressed, formed, or smoothed,
as in a rolling mill; as, to pass rails through the
[1913 Webster]

3. That which is rolled up; as, a roll of fat, of wool,
paper, cloth, etc. Specifically:
(a) A document written on a piece of parchment, paper, or
other materials which may be rolled up; a scroll.
[1913 Webster]

Busy angels spread
The lasting roll, recording what we say.
[1913 Webster]
(b) Hence, an official or public document; a register; a
record; also, a catalogue; a list.
[1913 Webster]

The rolls of Parliament, the entry of the
petitions, answers, and transactions in
Parliament, are extant. --Sir M. Hale.
[1913 Webster]

The roll and list of that army doth remain.
--Sir J.
[1913 Webster]
(c) A quantity of cloth wound into a cylindrical form; as,
a roll of carpeting; a roll of ribbon.
(d) A cylindrical twist of tobacco.
[1913 Webster]

4. A kind of shortened raised biscuit or bread, often rolled
or doubled upon itself.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Naut.) The oscillating movement of a vessel from side to
side, in sea way, as distinguished from the alternate rise
and fall of bow and stern called pitching.
[1913 Webster]

6. A heavy, reverberatory sound; as, the roll of cannon, or
of thunder.
[1913 Webster]

7. The uniform beating of a drum with strokes so rapid as
scarcely to be distinguished by the ear.
[1913 Webster]

8. Part; office; duty; role. [Obs.] --L'Estrange.
[1913 Webster]

{Long roll} (Mil.), a prolonged roll of the drums, as the
signal of an attack by the enemy, and for the troops to
arrange themselves in line.

{Master of the rolls}. See under {Master}.

{Roll call}, the act, or the time, of calling over a list
names, as among soldiers.

{Rolls of court}, {of parliament} (or of any public body),
the parchments or rolls on which the acts and proceedings
of that body are engrossed by the proper officer, and
which constitute the records of such public body.

{To call the roll}, to call off or recite a list or roll of
names of persons belonging to an organization, in order to
ascertain who are present or to obtain responses from
those present.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: List; schedule; catalogue; register; inventory. See
[1913 Webster]

707 Moby Thesaurus words for "roll":
Danish, Danish pastry, English muffin, Parker House roll,
Yorkshire pudding, account, advance, agenda, align, amble,
angular momentum, angular motion, angular velocity, annals, arrive,
axial motion, backing, bagel, bale, bank, bankroll, barge, barrage,
barrel, bask, bask in, be effortless, be painless, be poised,
be reflected, be sent back, beadroll, beat, beat a ruffle,
beat a tattoo, beating, bialy, bialystoker, bibliofilm, billow,
billowing, bindle, bipack, black-and-white film, blank, blunder,
bob, bobble, bole, bolt, boom, booming, bore, bounce back, bouquet,
bowl, bowl along, bowling, break, breakers, budget, bun, bundle,
bunt, butt, cackle, cadastre, calendar, calender, cannonade,
careen, career, carol, cartridge, cask, cast, catalog, catalogue,
caw, census, census report, centrifugation, chatter, checklist,
checkroll, cheep, chirk, chirograph, chirp, chirr, chirrup,
chitter, chop, choppiness, chopping sea, chronicle, chronicles,
chuck, circle, circulation, circumgyration, circumrotation, cirrus,
clack, clover-leaf roll, cluck, clump, coast, cock-a-doodle-doo,
coffee cake, coggle, coil, color film, color negative film, column,
comb, comber, come along, come in, come on, commute, coo,
corkscrew, correspondence, course, cover ground, crab, crap, craps,
crash, crescent roll, croak, croissant, cronk, cross bun, crow,
cruise, crumpet, cuckoo, curl, curlicue, cycle, cylinder,
cylindroid, dangle, dash, deck, delight in, dip, directory,
dirty water, disappear, docket, document, documentation, dope,
dossier, drag, dramatis personae, drift, drive, droop, drum,
drum music, drumbeat, drumfire, drumming, dry plate, eagre,
ebb and flow, echo, echo back, elapse, emulsion, enfold, enshroud,
envelop, enwrap, equalize, evaporate, even, even out, evolute,
expire, fagot, falter, fardel, fare, fare forth, fasces, fascine,
feather, fell, fetch, file, film, fishtail, flatten, flit, float,
flounce, flounder, flow, flow in, fluctuate, flush, flutter, fly,
foot, footslog, form, forward, frame, full circle, furl, gabble,
gad, gaggle, gain ground, gait, gallivant, gallop, gang,
gather head, gather way, gem, get ahead, get along,
give no trouble, glide, go, go ahead, go along, go around,
go easily, go fast, go forward, go like clockwork, go on,
go pitapat, gobble, grade, gravity wave, ground swell, grovel,
growl, grumble, guggle, gush, gyrate, gyration, gyre, halt,
hard roll, head count, heave, heavy sea, heavy swell, helix, hie,
hippety-hop, history, hitch, hobble, hobbyhorse, holograph, honk,
honor roll, hoo, hoot, hop, hot cross bun, hot-press, impel, index,
indulge, indulge in, instrument, inventory, involute, iron, jog,
jolt, jump, jury list, jury panel, kaiser roll, kink, labor, lay,
lay down, lay flat, lay level, lay low, lay out, legal document,
legal instrument, legal paper, letters, level, level off, librate,
lift, limp, lineup, list, listing, lock step, loop, lop, lumber,
lunge, lurch, luxuriate, luxuriate in, make good time,
make head against, make headway, make heavy weather, make progress,
make progress against, make strides, make up leeway, mangle,
memorial, microfilm, mince, mincing steps, money,
monochromatic film, mooch, motion-picture film, move, move along,
move forward, move on, muffin, muster, muster roll, natural,
negative, nick, nose count, nosegay, nutate, official document,
onion roll, orbit, order of business, orthochromatic film,
oscillate, pace, pack, package, packet, paddle, palpitate,
palpitation, panchromatic film, paper, papers, paradiddle, parcel,
parchment, part, pass, pass along, pass on, patter, peak, peal,
pedal, peep, peg, pendulate, personal file, photographic paper,
piaffe, piaffer, piece, pillar, pinwheel roll, pip, pipe,
pipe roll, pitapat, pitch, pitch and plunge, pitch and toss,
pitching, pitter-patter, pivoting, plate, plod, plow, plunge, pole,
poll, popover, popple, porpoise, portion, posy, pound, pounding,
pour in, prance, present no difficulties, press, printing paper,
proceed, program, progress, propel, property roll, pull out,
pull up, pulsate, pulsation, push, push down, quack, questionnaire,
quiver, rack, ramble, range, rase, rat-a-tat, rat-tat, rat-tat-tat,
rataplan, rattattoo, raze, rear, rebound, record, recording,
reecho, reel, reeling, register, registry, rejoice in, relic,
relish, remains, resonate, resound, return, returns, revel,
revel in, reverberate, reverberation, revolution, revolve, ride,
riffle, ringlet, ripple, rise, rise and fall, roam, roar, rob,
rock, rocking, roll call, roll flat, roll in, roll on, roll out,
roll up, roller, rollick, rolling, rolls, roster, rota, rotate,
rotation, rotational motion, rough water, rouleau, rove, row,
rub-a-dub, ruff, ruffle, rumble, run, run smoothly, sail, sashay,
saunter, savor, scend, schedule, scold, scone, screw, scrip,
script, scroll, scuff, scuffle, scuttle, sea, seethe, send,
send back, shake, shamble, sheaf, shoestring, shot, shove, show up,
shroud, shuffle, shunt, sideslip, sidle, sing, single-foot, skid,
skip, slate, slide, slink, slip, slither, slog, slouch, slowness,
sluice, smash, smooth, smooth out, smoothen, soft roll, somersault,
somerset, sound, sound a tattoo, sound film, sound track,
sound-on-film, soundstripe, spatter, spin, spinning, spiral,
splatter, split, splutter, spool, spread out, sputter, squawk,
staccato, stagger, stalk, stamp, steamroll, steamroller, stem,
step, step forward, stomp, straddle, straggle, stray, stream,
stride, strip, stroll, strolling gait, struggle, strut, stumble,
stump, stunt, surf, surge, swag, swagger, swathe, sway, sweep,
sweep along, swell, swing, swinging, swirl, swirling, swiveling,
table, take pleasure in, tat-tat, tattoo, tax roll, tendril,
thrash about, throb, throbbing, throw, thrum, thrust, thump,
thumping, thunder, tidal bore, tidal wave, tide wave, tittup,
toddle, token, tom-tom, toss, toss and tumble, toss and turn,
tossing, totter, trace, traipse, travel, tread, treadle, trill,
trip, tripack, troll, trolling, trot, trough, trudge, trundle,
trundling, trunk, truss, tsunami, tube, tumble, turbination,
turn over, turn up, turning, tweet, twirl, twist, twit, twitter,
uncoil, uncurl, undulate, undulation, unfold, unfurl, unroll,
unwind, vacillate, vanish, vehicle, velocity, vestige, vibrate,
volutation, volute, volution, vortex, wad, waddle, wag, waggle,
walk, wallop, wallow, wallow in, wamble, warble, water wave, wave,
wavelet, waver, waving, wayfare, welter, wend, wheel, wheeling,
whir, whirl, whirling, whistle, white horses, whitecaps, whorl,
wiggle, wind up, wobble, work well, wrap up, writ, writing, yaw

the common form of ancient books. The Hebrew word rendered
"roll" or "volume" is _meghillah_, found in Ezra 6:2; Ps. 40:7;
Jer. 36:2, 6, 23, 28, 29; Ezek. 2:9; 3:1-3; Zech. 5:1, 2.
"Rolls" (Chald. pl. of sephar, corresponding to Heb. sepher) in
Ezra 6:1 is rendered in the Revised Version "archives." In the
New Testament the word "volume" (Heb. 10:7; R.V., "roll") occurs
as the rendering of the Greek kephalis, meaning the head or top
of the stick or cylinder on which the manuscript was rolled, and
hence the manuscript itself. (See {BOOK}.)

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