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reserve    音標拼音: [rɪz'ɚv] [riz'ɚv]
n.
預備品,貯存,預備舍,后備軍,保留地,保留,沉默,節制,秘密,儲備金
vt. 保留

預備品,貯存,預備舍,後備軍,保留地,保留,沈默,節制,秘密,儲備金保留

reserve
保留

reserve
保留 預訂 儲備

reserve
n 1: formality and propriety of manner [synonym: {modesty},
{reserve}]
2: something kept back or saved for future use or a special
purpose [synonym: {reserve}, {backlog}, {stockpile}]
3: an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is
replaced [synonym: {substitute}, {reserve}, {second-stringer}]
4: (medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain
vital functions
5: a district that is reserved for particular purpose [synonym:
{reservation}, {reserve}]
6: armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in
an emergency [synonym: {military reserve}, {reserve}]
7: the trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything
more than necessary [synonym: {reserve}, {reticence},
{taciturnity}]
v 1: hold back or set aside, especially for future use or
contingency; "they held back their applause in
anticipation"
2: give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause; "I
will earmark this money for your research"; "She sets aside
time for meditation every day" [synonym: {allow}, {appropriate},
{earmark}, {set aside}, {reserve}]
3: obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance; "We managed to
reserve a table at Maxim's"
4: arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in
advance; "reserve me a seat on a flight"; "The agent booked
tickets to the show for the whole family"; "please hold a
table at Maxim's" [synonym: {reserve}, {hold}, {book}]

Reserve \Re*serve"\, n. [F. r['e]serve.]
1. The act of reserving, or keeping back; reservation.
[1913 Webster]

However any one may concur in the general scheme, it
is still with certain reserves and deviations.
--Addison.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which is reserved, or kept back, as for future use.
[1913 Webster]

The virgins, besides the oil in their lamps, carried
likewise a reserve in some other vessel for a
continual supply. --Tillotson.
[1913 Webster]

3. That which is excepted; exception.
[1913 Webster]

Each has some darling lust, which pleads for a
reserve. --Rogers.
[1913 Webster]

4. Restraint of freedom in words or actions; backwardness;
caution in personal behavior.
[1913 Webster]

My soul, surprised, and from her sex disjoined,
Left all reserve, and all the sex, behind. --Prior.
[1913 Webster]

The clergyman's shy and sensitive reserve had balked
this scheme. --Hawthorne.
[1913 Webster]

5. A tract of land reserved, or set apart, for a particular
purpose; as, the Connecticut Reserve in Ohio, originally
set apart for the school fund of Connecticut; the Clergy
Reserves in Canada, for the support of the clergy.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Mil.)
(a) A body of troops in the rear of an army drawn up for
battle, reserved to support the other lines as
occasion may require; a force or body of troops kept
for an exigency.
(b) troops trained but released from active service,
retained as a formal part of the military force, and
liable to be recalled to active service in cases of
national need (see {Army organization}, above).
[1913 Webster PJC]

7. (Banking) Funds kept on hand to meet liabilities.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Finance)
(a) That part of the assets of a bank or other financial
institution specially kept in cash in a more or less
liquid form as a reasonable provision for meeting all
demands which may be made upon it; specif.:
(b) (Banking) Usually, the uninvested cash kept on hand
for this purpose, called the {real reserve}. In Great
Britain the ultimate real reserve is the gold kept on
hand in the Bank of England, largely represented by
the notes in hand in its own banking department; and
any balance which a bank has with the Bank of England
is a part of its reserve. In the United States the
reserve of a national bank consists of the amount of
lawful money it holds on hand against deposits, which
is required by law (in 1913) to be not less than 15
per cent (--U. S. Rev. Stat. secs. 5191, 5192), three
fifths of which the banks not in a reserve city (which
see) may keep deposited as balances in national banks
that are in reserve cities (--U. S. Rev. Stat. sec.
5192).
(c) (Life Insurance) The amount of funds or assets
necessary for a company to have at any given time to
enable it, with interest and premiums paid as they
shall accure, to meet all claims on the insurance then
in force as they would mature according to the
particular mortality table accepted. The reserve is
always reckoned as a liability, and is calculated on
net premiums. It is theoretically the difference
between the present value of the total insurance and
the present value of the future premiums on the
insurance. The reserve, being an amount for which
another company could, theoretically, afford to take
over the insurance, is sometimes called the

{reinsurance fund} or the

{self-insurance fund}. For the first year upon any policy the
net premium is called the

{initial reserve}, and the balance left at the end of the
year including interest is the

{terminal reserve}. For subsequent years the initial reserve
is the net premium, if any, plus the terminal reserve of
the previous year. The portion of the reserve to be
absorbed from the initial reserve in any year in payment
of losses is sometimes called the

{insurance reserve}, and the terminal reserve is then called
the

{investment reserve}.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

9. In exhibitions, a distinction which indicates that the
recipient will get a prize if another should be
disqualified.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

10. (Calico Printing) A resist.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

11. A preparation used on an object being electroplated to
fix the limits of the deposit.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]


Reserve \Re*serve"\ (r?-z?rv"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Reserved}.
(z?rvd");p. pr. & vb. n. {Reserving}.] [F. r['e]server, L.
reservare, reservatum; pref. re- re- servare to keep. See
{Serve}.]
1. To keep back; to retain; not to deliver, make over, or
disclose. "I have reserved to myself nothing." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. Hence, to keep in store for future or special use; to
withhold from present use for another purpose or time; to
keep; to retain; to make a reservation[7]. --Gen. xxvii.
35.

Note: In cases where one person or party makes a request to
an agent that some accommodation (such as a hotel room
or place at a restaurant) be kept (reserved) for their
use at a particular time, the word reserve applies both
to the action of the person making the request, and to
the action of the agent who takes the approproriate
action (such as a notation in a book of reservations)
to be certain that the accommodation is available at
that time.
[1913 Webster PJC]

Hast thou seen the treasures of the hail, which I
have reserved against the time of trouble? --Job
xxxviii.
22,23.
[1913 Webster]

Reserve your kind looks and language for private
hours. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

3. To make an exception of; to except. [R.]
[1913 Webster]


Resist \Re*sist"\, n.
1. (Calico Printing) A substance used to prevent a color or
mordant from fixing on those parts to which it has been
applied, either by acting machanically in preventing the
color, etc., from reaching the cloth, or chemically in
changing the color so as to render it incapable of fixing
itself in the fibers; -- also called {reserve}. The pastes
prepared for this purpose are called resist pastes. --F.
C. Calvert.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Technology) Something that resists or prevents a certain
action; specif.: A substance applied to a surface, as of
metal, or of a silicon wafer, to prevent the action on it
of acid, other chemical agents, or any other process such
as irradiation or deposition, which would modify the
surface if not protected. The resist is usually applied or
in some way formed into a pattern so that the underlying
surface may be modified in a complementary pattern.
[PJC]

279 Moby Thesaurus words for "reserve":
Indian reservation, abstain, accessible, adjourn, allocate, allot,
aloofness, alternate, alternative, aplomb, appoint, appropriate to,
archives, assign, assign to, auxiliary, available, avoidance,
backlog, backup, backwardness, bank, bashfulness, bespeak,
bird sanctuary, blankness, book, brachylogy, brevity, brief,
briefness, brusqueness, cache, charter, chilliness, coldness,
compactness, compendiousness, conciseness, concision, conserve,
constraint, continue, contract for, coolness, counterfeit,
crispness, curtness, defer, delay, destine, detachment, detail,
detain, discreetness, discretion, dispense with, distance,
do without, dodging, drag out, dummy, earmark, employ, engage,
equivalent, ersatz, evasion, expressionlessness, extend, extra,
fake, fate, forbear, forest preserve, forgo, formality, fresh,
frigidity, frostiness, fudging, fund, game reserve, guardedness,
hang fire, hang up, hedging, held back, held in reserve, held out,
hesitancy, hesitation, hire, hoard, hold, hold back, hold off,
hold over, hold up, husband, iciness, imitation, impassiveness,
impassivity, impersonality, in abeyance, in hand, in readiness,
in reserve, in store, inaccessibility, introversion, inventory,
keep, keep back, keep by one, keep in hand, keep in reserve,
keep in store, keep on hand, lay aside, lay by, lay over,
let alone, library, limit, limitation, lot, make assignments,
makeshift, mark off, mark out for, mint, mock, modesty, museum,
national forest, national park, nest egg, new, not touch, not use,
on call, on hand, on tap, ordain, original, paradise, park, phony,
pigeonhole, pinch, pithiness, pointedness, portion off, postpone,
preengage, preserve, pristine, prolong, prorogate, prorogue,
protract, provisional, proxy, push aside, put apart, put aside,
put by, put off, put on ice, ready, recess, recruit, refrain,
register, reinforcements, remoteness, repression, reservation,
reserve fund, reserve supply, reservedness, reserves, reservoir,
resource, restraint, restrict, restrict to, restriction, retain,
reticence, reticency, retirement, retiring disposition, sanctuary,
save, save up, saved, savings, schedule, secondary, secure,
self-control, self-restraint, sententiousness, set, set apart,
set aside, set by, set off, shelve, shift off, shortness, sign on,
sign up, sign up for, sinking fund, sleep on, something in reserve,
spare, stand over, standoffishness, state forest, stave off, stay,
stock, stockpile, stopgap, store, stored, stretch out, subduedness,
substitute, succinctness, summariness, supply, suppression,
suspend, suspended, table, taciturnity, tag, take a recess,
take into employment, take on, temporary, tentative, terseness,
to spare, token, unaffability, unapplied, unapproachability,
unbeaten, uncongeniality, unconsumed, undemonstrativeness,
unemployed, unexercised, unexpansiveness, unexpended,
unexpended balance, unhandled, unspent, untapped, untouched,
untrodden, unused, unutilized, utility, vicarious, waive, waived,
wilderness preserve, wildlife preserve, withdrawal, withdrawnness,
withhold

Reserve, WI -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Wisconsin
Population (2000): 436
Housing Units (2000): 252
Land area (2000): 53.009057 sq. miles (137.292821 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.698415 sq. miles (1.808887 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 53.707472 sq. miles (139.101708 sq. km)
FIPS code: 67050
Located within: Wisconsin (WI), FIPS 55
Location: 45.859877 N, 91.372722 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Reserve, WI
Reserve


Reserve, MT -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Montana
Population (2000): 37
Housing Units (2000): 25
Land area (2000): 1.375721 sq. miles (3.563101 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.375721 sq. miles (3.563101 sq. km)
FIPS code: 62125
Located within: Montana (MT), FIPS 30
Location: 48.605251 N, 104.463969 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 59258
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Reserve, MT
Reserve


Reserve, NM -- U.S. village in New Mexico
Population (2000): 387
Housing Units (2000): 238
Land area (2000): 0.555844 sq. miles (1.439628 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.555844 sq. miles (1.439628 sq. km)
FIPS code: 62620
Located within: New Mexico (NM), FIPS 35
Location: 33.708493 N, 108.760822 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 87830
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Reserve, NM
Reserve


Reserve, KS -- U.S. city in Kansas
Population (2000): 100
Housing Units (2000): 60
Land area (2000): 0.110424 sq. miles (0.285998 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.110424 sq. miles (0.285998 sq. km)
FIPS code: 59050
Located within: Kansas (KS), FIPS 20
Location: 39.976378 N, 95.564464 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 66434
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Reserve, KS
Reserve


Reserve, LA -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Louisiana
Population (2000): 9111
Housing Units (2000): 3385
Land area (2000): 16.067055 sq. miles (41.613480 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 1.050370 sq. miles (2.720446 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 17.117425 sq. miles (44.333926 sq. km)
FIPS code: 64310
Located within: Louisiana (LA), FIPS 22
Location: 30.062566 N, 90.553296 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 70084
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Reserve, LA
Reserve

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