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relief    音標拼音: [rɪl'if] [ril'if]
n. 減輕,解除,救濟,安慰,調劑,浮雕,換班,地勢的起伏


n 1: the feeling that comes when something burdensome is removed
or reduced; "as he heard the news he was suddenly flooded
with relief" [synonym: {relief}, {alleviation}, {assuagement}]
2: the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially
after being relieved of distress); "he enjoyed his relief
from responsibility"; "getting it off his conscience gave him
some ease" [synonym: {relief}, {ease}]
3: (law) redress awarded by a court; "was the relief supposed to
be protection from future harm or compensation for past
4: someone who takes the place of another (as when things get
dangerous or difficult); "the star had a stand-in for
dangerous scenes"; "we need extra employees for summer fill-
ins" [synonym: {stand-in}, {substitute}, {relief}, {reliever},
{backup}, {backup man}, {fill-in}]
5: assistance in time of difficulty; "the contributions provided
some relief for the victims" [synonym: {relief}, {succor},
{succour}, {ministration}]
6: a pause for relaxation; "people actually accomplish more when
they take time for short rests" [synonym: {respite}, {rest},
{relief}, {rest period}]
7: a change for the better [synonym: {easing}, {moderation},
8: aid for the aged or indigent or handicapped; "he has been on
relief for many years"
9: the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or
annoyance); "he asked the nurse for relief from the constant
pain" [synonym: {easing}, {easement}, {alleviation}, {relief}]
10: sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to
stand out from the surrounding background [synonym: {relief},
{relievo}, {rilievo}, {embossment}, {sculptural relief}]
11: the act of freeing a city or town that has been besieged;
"he asked for troops for the relief of Atlanta"

Relief \Re*lief"\ (r?-l?f"), n. [OE. relef, F. relief, properly,
a lifting up, a standing out. See {Relieve}, and cf.
{Basrelief}, {Rilievi}.]
1. The act of relieving, or the state of being relieved; the
removal, or partial removal, of any evil, or of anything
oppressive or burdensome, by which some ease is obtained;
succor; alleviation; comfort; ease; redress.
[1913 Webster]

He sees the dire contagion spread so fast,
That, where it seizes, all relief is vain. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. Release from a post, or from the performance of duty, by
the intervention of others, by discharge, or by relay; as,
a relief of a sentry.
[1913 Webster]

For this relief much thanks; 'tis bitter cold.
[1913 Webster]

3. That which removes or lessens evil, pain, discomfort,
uneasiness, etc.; that which gives succor, aid, or
comfort; also, the person who relieves from performance of
duty by taking the place of another; a relay.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Feudal Law) A fine or composition which the heir of a
deceased tenant paid to the lord for the privilege of
taking up the estate, which, on strict feudal principles,
had lapsed or fallen to the lord on the death of the
[1913 Webster]

5. (Sculp. & Arch.) The projection of a figure above the
ground or plane on which it is formed.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Relief is of three kinds, namely, {high relief}
({altorilievo}), {low relief}, ({basso-rilievo}), and
{demirelief} ({mezzo-rilievo}). See these terms in the
[1913 Webster]

6. (Paint.) The appearance of projection given by shading,
shadow, etc., to any figure.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Fort.) The height to which works are raised above the
bottom of the ditch. --Wilhelm.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Physical Geog.) The elevations and surface undulations of
a country. --Guyot.
[1913 Webster]

{Relief valve}, a valve arranged for relieving pressure of
steam, gas, or liquid; an escape valve.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Alleviation; mitigation; aid; help; succor; assistance;
remedy; redress; indemnification.
[1913 Webster]

339 Moby Thesaurus words for "relief":
ADC, CYSP sculpture, Medicaid, Medicare, abatement, agent, aid,
aid and comfort, alimony, allayment, alleviation, allotment,
allowance, alterative, alternate, alternative, anaglyph,
anaglyptics, anaglyptography, analeptic, analogy, annuity,
appeasement, architectural sculpture, assist, assistance,
assuagement, assurance, auxiliaries, backup, balm, balsam,
bas-relief, bellying, benefit, benevolence, boldness, bone-carving,
boss, bounty, bout, break, bulging, cameo, cameo glass, casting,
cavo-rilievo, ceroplastics, chance, change, changeling, chasing,
clay sculpture, clemency, coffee break, comfort, commiseration,
comparison, compassion, condolence, configuration, consolation,
contour, contrast, copy, corrective, counterfeit,
cradle-to-grave security, cure, cut glass, decorative sculpture,
delineation, deliverance, depletion allowance, deputy,
disburdening, disencumberment, dole, double, downtime, dummy,
earth art, ease, easement, easing, elevation, embossing,
embossment, eminence, encouragement, engraving, equal, equivalent,
ersatz, exchange, excrescence, excrescency, extrusion, fake, favor,
features, feeling, fellowship, figuration, figure, fill-in,
financial assistance, forbearance, forgiveness, founding,
framework, garden sculpture, gem-cutting, gestalt, ghost,
ghostwriter, gibbosity, gibbousness, glass sculpture, glyph,
glyptic, glyptograph, go, good offices, grace, grant, grant-in-aid,
guaranteed annual income, guaranteed income, half time,
half-time intermission, hand, healing agent, healing quality,
health insurance, help, high relief, holiday, humanity, imitation,
inning, innings, intaglio, intaglio rilevato, intaglio rilievo,
interim, interlude, intermezzo, intermission, intermittence,
interregnum, interruption, interval, ivory-carving, kindness,
leniency, letup, liberation, lift, lightening, lineaments, lines,
locum tenens, lost-wax process, low relief, lull, main features,
makeshift, mask, medal, medallion, mercy, metal sculpture,
metaphor, metonymy, ministration, ministry, mitigation, modeling,
molding, mollification, monumental sculpture, next best thing,
off-time, office, offices, old-age assistance, old-age insurance,
opportunity, outline, paper sculpture, pardon, pathos, pause,
pecuniary aid, pension, personnel, phony, pinch hitter, pity,
place, plaquette, plaster casting, plastic art, plateau,
point of repose, portrait sculpture, prescription, price support,
profile, projection, prominence, protection, protrusion,
protuberance, protuberancy, proxy, public assistance,
public welfare, quarter, quiet spell, reassurance, receipt, recess,
recipe, redress, reinforcements, release, relief-carving, relievo,
remedial measure, remedy, remission, replacement, representative,
reprieve, rescue, reserve forces, reserves, respite, resting point,
restorative, retirement benefits, ringer, round, ruth, salience,
salient, say, scholarship, sculptor, sculpture, sculptured glass,
sculpturing, second string, secondary, self-pity, service, shapes,
shell-carving, shred of comfort, sickness insurance, sign,
silhouette, skeleton, social insurance, social security,
social welfare, socialized medicine, softening, solace, solacement,
sovereign remedy, spares, specific, specific remedy, spell,
stand-in, state medicine, statuary, stipend, stone sculpture,
stonecutting, sub, subsidization, subsidy, substituent, substitute,
substitution, subvention, succedaneum, succor, superseder,
supplanter, support, surrogate, symbol, sympathy, synecdoche,
tax benefit, therapy, third string, time, time at bat, time off,
time out, token, tournure, tuberosity, tuberousness, turn,
unballasting, unburdening, understudy, unemployment compensation,
unemployment insurance, unfreighting, unlading, unloading,
unsaddling, untaxing, utility player, vacation, vicar,
vice-president, vice-regent, welfare, welfare aid,
welfare capitalism, welfare payments, welfare state,
welfare statism, welfarism, whack, whittling, wire sculpture,
womb-to-tomb security, wood carving, xyloglyphy

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