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reference    音標拼音: [r'ɛfɚəns] [r'ɛfrəns]
n. U提及,涉及;U參考,查閱;C證明書,介紹信;U關系,關聯







相關資料; 參考資料; 參考

自引用; 自參考


參考 引用

n 1: a remark that calls attention to something or someone; "she
made frequent mention of her promotion"; "there was no
mention of it"; "the speaker made several references to his
wife" [synonym: {mention}, {reference}]
2: a short note recognizing a source of information or of a
quoted passage; "the student's essay failed to list several
important citations"; "the acknowledgments are usually
printed at the front of a book"; "the article includes
mention of similar clinical cases" [synonym: {citation}, {cite},
{acknowledgment}, {credit}, {reference}, {mention},
3: an indicator that orients you generally; "it is used as a
reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy
involved" [synonym: {reference point}, {point of reference},
4: a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts; "he
contributed articles to the basic reference work on that
topic" [synonym: {reference book}, {reference}, {reference work},
{book of facts}]
5: a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential
future employer describing the person's qualifications and
dependability; "requests for character references are all too
often answered evasively" [synonym: {character}, {reference},
{character reference}]
6: the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression;
the class of objects that an expression refers to; "the
extension of `satellite of Mars' is the set containing only
Demos and Phobos" [synonym: {reference}, {denotation},
7: the act of referring or consulting; "reference to an
encyclopedia produced the answer" [synonym: {reference},
8: a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is
referred to; "he carried an armful of references back to his
desk"; "he spent hours looking for the source of that
quotation" [synonym: {reference}, {source}]
9: (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of
information is stored [synonym: {address}, {computer address},
10: the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea
it refers to; "he argued that reference is a consequence of
conditioned reflexes"
v 1: refer to; "he referenced his colleagues' work" [synonym:
{reference}, {cite}]

Reference \Ref"er*ence\ (r?f"?r-ens), n. [See {Refer}.]
1. The act of referring, or the state of being referred; as,
reference to a chart for guidance.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which refers to something; a specific direction of
the attention; as, a reference in a text-book.
[1913 Webster]

3. Relation; regard; respect.
[1913 Webster]

Something that hath a reference to my state. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. One who, or that which, is referred to. Specifically;
(a) One of whom inquires can be made as to the integrity,
capacity, and the like, of another.
(b) A work, or a passage in a work, to which one is
[1913 Webster]

5. (Law)
(a) The act of submitting a matter in dispute to the
judgment of one or more persons for decision.
(b) (Equity) The process of sending any matter, for
inquiry in a cause, to a master or other officer, in
order that he may ascertain facts and report to the
[1913 Webster]

6. Appeal. [R.] "Make your full reference." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

{Reference Bible}, a Bible in which brief explanations, and
references to parallel passages, are printed in the margin
of the text.
[1913 Webster]

162 Moby Thesaurus words for "reference":
acknowledgment, advocacy, advocating, advocation,
affective meaning, allusion, angle, appeal to, applicability,
application, appositeness, aspect, bearing, by-line, case,
certificate of character, certification, character,
character reference, citation, coloring, concern, concernment,
confession, configuration, connection, connotation, consequence,
credential, credentials, credit line, cross reference, cross-refer,
cross-reference, demonstration, denotation, diacritical mark,
direct attention to, direction, drift, effect, eidolon, end stop,
endorsement, essence, example, exemplification, extension, facet,
fashion, feature, figure, force, form, germaneness, gestalt, gist,
grammatical meaning, guise, hint, idea, illustration, image, imago,
impact, implication, import, impression, indication, innuendo,
insinuation, instance, intension, interest, intimation, invoke,
item, letter of introduction, lexical meaning, light, likeness,
lineaments, literal meaning, look, make a cross-reference,
make reference to, manner, materiality, meaning, mention, naming,
notation, note, notification, overtone, particular, patronage,
pertinence, phase, phasis, pith, point, practical consequence,
punctuation, punctuation marks, purport, quotation,
range of meaning, real meaning, recommend, recommendation,
refer to, reference mark, referent, referral, regard, relatedness,
relation, relevance, remark, respect, scope, seeming,
semantic cluster, semantic field, semblance, sense, shape, side,
signature, significance, signification, significatum, signifie,
simulacrum, slant, span of meaning, specification, spirit, stop,
structural meaning, style, substance, sum, sum and substance,
symbolic meaning, tenor, testimonial, tittle, total effect,
totality of associations, trademark, transferred meaning, tribute,
twist, unadorned meaning, undertone, value, view, viewpoint,
voucher, wise


REFERENCE, practice. The act of sending any matter by a court of chancery or
one exercising equitable powers, to a master or other officer, in order that
he may ascertain facts and report to the court. By reference is also
understood that part of an instrument of writing where it points to another
for the matters therein contained. For the effect of such reference, see 1
Pick. R. 27; 17 Mass. R. 443; 15 Pick. R. 66; 7 Halst. R. 25; 14 Wend. R.
619; 10 Conn. R. 422; 4 Greenl. R. 14, 471; 3 Greenl. R. 393; 6 Pick. R.
460; the thing referred to is also called a reference.

REFERENCE, contracts. An agreement to submit to certain arbitrators, matters
in dispute between two or more parties, for their decision, and judgment.
The persons to whom such matters are referred are sometimes called referees.

REFERENCE, mercantile law. A direction or request by a party who asks a
credit to the person from whom he expects it, to call on some other person
named in order to ascertain the character or mercantile standing of the

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