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record    音標拼音: [rək'ɔrd] [r'ɛkɚd] [rɪk'ɔrd]
n. 記錄,履歷,檔案,訴狀,最高紀錄,報告,唱片
vt. 記錄,記載,標明

記錄,履歷,檔案,訴狀,最高紀錄,報告,唱片記錄,記載,標明

record
非記錄; 非記錄式


record
記錄 R

record
記錄 紀錄

record
n 1: anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a
photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information
about past events; "the film provided a valuable record of
stage techniques"
2: sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous
groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a
phonograph needle tracks in the groove [synonym: {phonograph
record}, {phonograph recording}, {record}, {disk}, {disc},
{platter}]
3: the number of wins versus losses and ties a team has had; "at
9-0 they have the best record in their league"
4: the sum of recognized accomplishments; "the lawyer has a good
record"; "the track record shows that he will be a good
president" [synonym: {record}, {track record}]
5: a compilation of the known facts regarding something or
someone; "Al Smith used to say, `Let's look at the record'";
"his name is in all the record books" [synonym: {record}, {record
book}, {book}]
6: an extreme attainment; the best (or worst) performance ever
attested (as in a sport); "he tied the Olympic record";
"coffee production last year broke all previous records";
"Chicago set the homicide record"
7: a document that can serve as legal evidence of a transaction;
"they could find no record of the purchase"
8: a list of crimes for which an accused person has been
previously convicted; "he ruled that the criminal record of
the defendant could not be disclosed to the court"; "the
prostitute had a record a mile long" [synonym: {criminal record},
{record}]
v 1: make a record of; set down in permanent form [synonym:
{record}, {enter}, {put down}]
2: register electronically; "They recorded her singing" [synonym:
{record}, {tape}] [ant: {delete}, {erase}]
3: indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments; "The
thermometer showed thirteen degrees below zero"; "The gauge
read `empty'" [synonym: {read}, {register}, {show}, {record}]
4: be aware of; "Did you register any change when I pressed the
button?" [synonym: {record}, {register}]
5: be or provide a memorial to a person or an event; "This
sculpture commemorates the victims of the concentration
camps"; "We memorialized the Dead" [synonym: {commemorate},
{memorialize}, {memorialise}, {immortalize}, {immortalise},
{record}]

Record \Re*cord"\, v. i.
1. To reflect; to ponder. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Praying all the way, and recording upon the words
which he before had read. --Fuller.
[1913 Webster]

2. To sing or repeat a tune. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Whether the birds or she recorded best. --W. Browne.
[1913 Webster]


Record \Re*cord"\ (r?*k?rd"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Recorded}; p.
pr. & vb. n. {Recording}.] [OE. recorden to repeat, remind,
F. recorder, fr. L. recordari to remember; pref. re- re-
cor, cordis, the heart or mind. See {Cordial}, {Heart}.]
1. To recall to mind; to recollect; to remember; to meditate.
[Obs.] "I it you record." --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

2. To repeat; to recite; to sing or play. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

They longed to see the day, to hear the lark
Record her hymns, and chant her carols blest.
--Fairfax.
[1913 Webster]

3. To preserve the memory of, by committing to writing, to
printing, to inscription, or the like; to make note of; to
write or enter in a book or on parchment, for the purpose
of preserving authentic evidence of; to register; to
enroll; as, to record the proceedings of a court; to
record historical events.
[1913 Webster]

Those things that are recorded of him . . . are
written in the chronicles of the kings. --1 Esd. i.
42.
[1913 Webster]

{To record a deed}, {mortgage}, {lease}, etc., to have a copy
of the same entered in the records of the office
designated by law, for the information of the public.
[1913 Webster]


Record \Rec"ord\ (r[e^]k"[~e]rd), n. [OF. recort, record,
remembrance, attestation, record. See {Record}, v. t.]
1. A writing by which some act or event, or a number of acts
or events, is recorded; a register; as, a record of the
acts of the Hebrew kings; a record of the variations of
temperature during a certain time; a family record.
[1913 Webster]

2. Especially:
(a) An official contemporaneous writing by which the acts
of some public body, or public officer, are recorded;
as, a record of city ordinances; the records of the
receiver of taxes.
(b) An authentic official copy of a document which has
been entered in a book, or deposited in the keeping of
some officer designated by law.
(c) An official contemporaneous memorandum stating the
proceedings of a court of justice; a judicial record.
(d) The various legal papers used in a case, together with
memoranda of the proceedings of the court; as, it is
not permissible to allege facts not in the record.
[1913 Webster]

3. Testimony; witness; attestation.
[1913 Webster]

John bare record, saying. --John i. 32.
[1913 Webster]

4. That which serves to perpetuate a knowledge of acts or
events; a monument; a memorial.
[1913 Webster]

5. That which has been, or might be, recorded; the known
facts in the course, progress, or duration of anything, as
in the life of a public man; as, a politician with a good
or a bad record.
[1913 Webster]

6. That which has been publicly achieved in any kind of
competitive sport as recorded in some authoritative
manner, as the time made by a winning horse in a race.
[1913 Webster]

{Court of record} (pron. r?*k?rd" in Eng.), a court whose
acts and judicial proceedings are written on parchment or
in books for a perpetual memorial.

{Debt of record}, a debt which appears to be due by the
evidence of a court of record, as upon a judgment or a
cognizance.

{Trial by record}, a trial which is had when a matter of
record is pleaded, and the opposite party pleads that
there is no such record. In this case the trial is by
inspection of the record itself, no other evidence being
admissible. --Blackstone.

{To beat the record}, or {To break the record} (Sporting), to
surpass any performance of like kind as authoritatively
recorded; as, to break the record in a walking match.

Note: Records in many fields of endeavor are listed in the [a
href="http:]/www.guinessworldrecords.com">Guiness Book
of World Records.
[1913 Webster]

247 Moby Thesaurus words for "record":
CD, Clio, Muse of history, accomplishment, accomplishments,
account, account rendered, accounting, acme, acta, adventures,
album, annals, annual, archives, authority, authorization,
autobiography, be-all and end-all, biograph, biographical sketch,
biographize, biography, blue ribbon, book, brief, bulletin,
calendar, cartridge, carve, case history, cassette, catalog,
catalogue, census report, chalk, chalk up, championship, check in,
check sheet, chronicle, chronicles, chronology, clock card,
command, confessions, confidentially, control, copy, copy out,
curriculum vitae, cut, data, date slip, datebook, daybook, deeds,
diary, directorship, disc, distance, docket, document,
documentation, dominion, dossier, draft, draw up, edit,
effectiveness, election returns, electrical transcription, enface,
engrave, engross, enroll, enscroll, enter, enumerate, evidence,
experiences, extreme, file, fill out, first place, first prize,
fortunes, grave, hagiography, hagiology, headship, hegemony,
height, highest, historify, historiography, history, impanel,
imperium, in confidence, incise, index, indicate, influence,
information, inscribe, insert, itemize, jot down, journal,
jurisdiction, kingship, leadership, legend, life, life and letters,
life story, list, log, lordship, make a memorandum, make a note,
make a recension, make an entry, make out, management, mark,
mark down, martyrology, mastership, mastery, matriculate, maximum,
memento, memoir, memoirs, memorabilia, memorandum, memorial,
memorials, minute, minutes, monument, most, narrate, ne plus ultra,
necrology, new high, not for publication, notation, note,
note down, obituary, off the record, palms, paramountcy, pen,
pencil, phonograph record, photobiography, place upon record,
platter, poll, post, post up, power, presidency, primacy,
privately, proceedings, profile, push the pen, put down,
put in writing, put on paper, put on tape, read, recense, recite,
recording, recount, reduce to writing, register, registry, relate,
release, report, reputation, resume, returns, revise, rewrite,
rule, say, scribe, scrive, scroll, secretly, set down, single,
souvenir, sovereignty, spill ink, spoil paper, statement, story,
sub rosa, superscribe, supremacy, sway, tabulate, take down, tally,
tape, tape cartridge, tape cassette, tape recording, tape-record,
the record, theory of history, time, time book, time chart,
time scale, time schedule, time sheet, time study, timecard,
timetable, top spot, trace, track record, transactions, transcribe,
transcription, type, unofficially, videotape, wax, wire recording,
write, write down, write in, write out, write up, yearbook,
zenith

An {ordered set} of {fields},
usually stored contiguously. The term is used with similar
meaning in several different contexts. In a file, a "record"
probably has some fixed length, in contrast to a "line" which
may have any length and is terminated by some {End Of Line}
sequence). A {database} record is also called a "row". In a
{spreadsheet} it is always called a "row". Some programming
languages use the term to mean a type composed of fields of
several other types ({C} calls this a "{struct}").

In all these cases, a record represents an entity with certain
field values.

Fields may be of a fixed width ({bits} or {characters}) or
they may be separated by a {delimiter} character, often
{comma} ({CSV}) or {HT} ({TSV}).

In a database the list of values of a given field from all
records is called a column.

(2002-03-22)

RECORD, evidence. A written memorial made by a public officer authorized by
law to perform that function, and intended to serve as evidence of something
written, said, or done. 6 Call, 78; 1 Dana, 595.
2. Records may be divided into those which relate to the proceedings of
congress and the state legislatures -- the courts of common law -- the
courts of chancery -- and those which are made so by statutory provisions.
3.-1. Legislative acts. The acts of congress and of the several
legislatures are the highest kind of records. The printed journals of
congress have been so considered. 1 Whart. Dig. tit. Evidence, pl. 112 and
see Dougl. 593; Cowp. 17.
4.-2. The proceedings of the courts of common law are records. But
every minute made by a clerk of a court for his own future guidance in
making up his record, is not a record. 4 Wash. C. C. Rep. 698.
5.-3. Proceedings in courts of chancery are said not to be, strictly
speaking, records; but they are so considered. Gresley on Ev. 101.
6.-4. The legislatures of the several states have made the enrollment
of certain deeds and other documents necessary in order to perpetuate the
memory of the facts they contain, and declared that the copies thus made
should have the effect of records.
7. By the constitution of the United States, art. 4. s. 1, it is
declared that "full faith and credit shall be given, in each state, to the
public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other state; and the
congress may, by general laws, prescribe the manner in which such acts,
records and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof." In
pursuance of this power, congress have passed several acts directing the
manner of authenticating public records, which will be found under the
article Authentication.
8. Numerous decisions have been made under these acts, some of which
are here referred to. 7 Cranch, 471; 3 Wheat. 234; 4 Cowen, 292; 1 N. H.
Rep. 242; 1 Ohio Reports, 264; 2 Verm. R. 263; 5 John. R. 37; 4 Conn. R.
380; 9 Mass 462; 10 Serg. & Rawle, 240; 1 Hall's N. York Rep. 155; 4 Dall.
412; 5 Serg. & Rawle, 523; 1 Pet. S. C. Rep. 352. Vide, generally, 18 Vin.
Ab. 17; 1 Phil. Ev. 288; Bac. Ab. Amendment, &c., H; 1 Kent, Com. 260;
Archb. Civ. Pl. 395; Gresley on Ev. 99; Stark. Ev. Index, h.t.; Dane's Ab.
Index, h.t.; Co. Litt. 260; 10 Pick. R. 72; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

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