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rail    音標拼音: [r'el]
n. 橫桿,圍欄,欄桿,鐵軌,扶手,秧雞
vt. 以橫木圍欄,鋪鐵軌
vi. 責罵,抱怨

橫杆,圍欄,欄杆,鐵軌,扶手,秧雞以橫木圍欄,鋪鐵軌責罵,抱怨

rail
導軌

rail
n 1: a barrier consisting of a horizontal bar and supports [synonym:
{railing}, {rail}]
2: short for railway; "he traveled by rail"; "he was concerned
with rail safety"
3: a bar or pair of parallel bars of rolled steel making the
railway along which railroad cars or other vehicles can roll
[synonym: {track}, {rail}, {rails}, {runway}]
4: a horizontal bar (usually of wood or metal)
5: any of numerous widely distributed small wading birds of the
family Rallidae having short wings and very long toes for
running on soft mud
v 1: complain bitterly [synonym: {rail}, {inveigh}]
2: enclose with rails; "rail in the old graves" [synonym: {rail},
{rail in}]
3: provide with rails; "The yard was railed"
4: separate with a railing; "rail off the crowds from the
Presidential palace" [synonym: {rail}, {rail off}]
5: convey (goods etc.) by rails; "fresh fruit are railed from
Italy to Belgium"
6: travel by rail or train; "They railed from Rome to Venice";
"She trained to Hamburg" [synonym: {train}, {rail}]
7: lay with rails; "hundreds of miles were railed out here"
8: fish with a handline over the rails of a boat; "They are
railing for fresh fish"
9: spread negative information about; "The Nazi propaganda
vilified the Jews" [synonym: {vilify}, {revile}, {vituperate},
{rail}]
10: criticize severely; "He fulminated against the Republicans'
plan to cut Medicare"; "She railed against the bad social
policies" [synonym: {fulminate}, {rail}]

Rail \Rail\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Railed} (r[=a]ld); p. pr. &
vb. n. {Railing}.]
1. To inclose with rails or a railing.
[1913 Webster]

It ought to be fenced in and railed. --Ayliffe.
[1913 Webster]

2. To range in a line. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

They were brought to London all railed in ropes,
like a team of horses in a cart. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]


Rail \Rail\, v. i. [Etymol. uncertain.]
To flow forth; to roll out; to course. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Streams of tears from her fair eyes forth railing.
--Spenser.
[1913 Webster]


Rail \Rail\, n. [Akin to LG. & Sw. regel bar, bolt, G. riegel a
rail, bar, or bolt, OHG. rigil, rigel, bar, bolt, and
possibly to E. row a line.]
1. A bar of timber or metal, usually horizontal or nearly so,
extending from one post or support to another, as in
fences, balustrades, staircases, etc.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Arch.) A horizontal piece in a frame or paneling. See
Illust. of {Style}.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Railroad) A bar of steel or iron, forming part of the
track on which the wheels roll. It is usually shaped with
reference to vertical strength, and is held in place by
chairs, splices, etc.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Naut.)
(a) The stout, narrow plank that forms the top of the
bulwarks.
(b) The light, fencelike structures of wood or metal at
the break of the deck, and elsewhere where such
protection is needed.
[1913 Webster]

5. A railroad as a means of transportation; as, to go by
rail; a place not accesible by rail.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

6. a railing.
[PJC]

{Rail fence}. See under {Fence}.

{Rail guard}.
(a) A device attached to the front of a locomotive on each
side for clearing the rail of obstructions.
(b) A guard rail. See under {Guard}.

{Rail joint} (Railroad), a splice connecting the adjacent
ends of rails, in distinction from a chair, which is
merely a seat. The two devices are sometimes united. Among
several hundred varieties, the fish joint is standard. See
{Fish joint}, under {Fish}.

{Rail train} (Iron & Steel Manuf.), a train of rolls in a
rolling mill, for making rails for railroads from blooms
or billets.
[1913 Webster]


Rail \Rail\ (r[=a]l), n. [OE. reil, re[yogh]el, AS. hr[ae]gel,
hr[ae]gl, a garment; akin to OHG. hregil, OFries. hreil.]
An outer cloak or covering; a neckerchief for women.
--Fairholt.
[1913 Webster]


Rail \Rail\, n. [F. r[^a]le, fr. r[^a]ler to have a rattling in
the throat; of German origin, and akin to E. rattle. See
{Rattle}, v.] (Zool.)
Any one of numerous species of limicoline birds of the family
{Rallidae}, especially those of the genus {Rallus}, and of
closely allied genera. They are prized as game birds.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The common European water rail ({Rallus aquaticus}) is
called also {bilcock}, {skitty coot}, and {brook
runner}. The best known American species are the
clapper rail, or salt-marsh hen ({Rallus longirostris},
var. crepitans); the king, or red-breasted, rail
({Rallus elegans}) (called also {fresh-water
marshhen}); the lesser clapper, or Virginia, rail
({Rallus Virginianus}); and the Carolina, or sora, rail
({Porzana Carolina}). See {Sora}.
[1913 Webster]

{Land rail} (Zool.), the corncrake.
[1913 Webster]


Rail \Rail\, v. i. [F. railler; cf. Sp. rallar to grate, scrape,
molest; perhaps fr. (assumed) LL. radiculare, fr. L. radere
to scrape, grate. Cf. {Rally} to banter, {Rase}.]
To use insolent and reproachful language; to utter
reproaches; to scoff; -- followed by at or against, formerly
by on. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

And rail at arts he did not understand. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

Lesbia forever on me rails. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]


Rail \Rail\ (r[=a]l), v. t.
1. To rail at. [Obs.] --Feltham.
[1913 Webster]

2. To move or influence by railing. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

Rail the seal from off my bond. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

134 Moby Thesaurus words for "rail":
L, attack, baluster, balustrade, banister, bar, barrier, bawl out,
berate, bottle up, boundary, box up, branch, bulkhead in,
cable railway, cage, censure, check, chew out, cloister,
cog railway, condemn, confine, constrain, coop, coop in, coop up,
cork up, crib, criticize, decry, denounce, detain, el,
electric railway, elevated, elevated railway, embankment, encage,
enclose, feeder, feeder line, fence, fence in, fulminate,
gravity-operated railway, gruel, handrail, hedge, hem, hem in,
hold, hold in custody, hold in restraint, horse railway, immure,
impound, inhibit, jaw, junction, keep in, keep in custody,
keep in detention, lath, light railroad, line, main line,
mere shadow, metro, mew, mew up, monorail, pale, palisade, paper,
pen, pen up, picket, pound, rack railway, rack-and-pinion railway,
rail in, rail line, railing, railroad, railway, rake, rate,
restrain, restrict, revile, roadbed, roadway, rod, scold, seal up,
shackle, shadow, shaving, shut in, shut up, sidetrack, siding,
skeleton, slat, slip, soup, splinter, stone wall, streak,
street railway, streetcar line, subway, switchback, terminal,
terminus, tongue-lash, track, tram, tramline, trestle,
trolley line, trunk, trunk line, tube, turnout, underground,
upbraid, vein, vituperate, vociferate, wafer, wall, wall in



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