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protocol    音標拼音: [pr'otək,ɑl] [pr'otək,ɔl]
n. 協議
n. 草案,禮儀
vt.
vi. 擬定 ;
(為使網絡中不同系統主機能夠彼此進行通訊,所制訂的網絡管理規則)

協議草案,禮儀擬定 ; (為使網絡中不同系統主機能夠彼此進行通訊,所制訂的網絡管理規則)

protocol
協定;協定;約定;規程;議定;通訊協定;(通信)協定

protocol
協定

protocol
n 1: (computer science) rules determining the format and
transmission of data [synonym: {protocol}, {communications
protocol}]
2: forms of ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats and
heads of state
3: code of correct conduct; "safety protocols"; "academic
protocol"

Protocol \Pro"to*col\, v. i.
To make or write protocols, or first draughts; to issue
protocols. --Carlyle.
[1913 Webster]


Protocol \Pro"to*col\, n. [F. protocole, LL. protocollum, fr.
Gr. ? the first leaf glued to the rolls of papyrus and the
notarial documents, on which the date was written; prw^tos
the first (see {Proto-}) ? glue.]
1. The original copy of any writing, as of a deed, treaty,
dispatch, or other instrument. --Burrill.
[1913 Webster]

2. The minutes, or rough draught, of an instrument or
transaction.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Diplomacy)
(a) A preliminary document upon the basis of which
negotiations are carried on.
(b) A convention not formally ratified.
(c) An agreement of diplomatists indicating the results
reached by them at a particular stage of a
negotiation.
[1913 Webster]


Protocol \Pro"to*col\, v. t.
To make a protocol of.
[1913 Webster]

97 Moby Thesaurus words for "protocol":
accord, agenda, agreement, amenities, arrangement, authority,
bargain, batting order, bill, bill of fare, binding agreement,
blueprint, bond, budget, calendar, card, carte du jour, cartel,
civilities, civility, collective agreement, comity, compact,
concordat, consortium, contract, convention, conventions,
courtliness, covenant, covenant of salt, customs, deal, decencies,
decorum, dicker, diplomacy, diplomatic code, docket, draft,
elegance, elegancies, employment contract, etiquette,
exquisite manners, form, formal agreement, formalities, formality,
good form, good manners, ironclad agreement, legal agreement,
legal contract, lineup, list of agenda, manners, memorandum, menu,
minute, mores, mutual agreement, natural politeness, note, outline,
pact, paction, playbill, point of etiquette, politeness, politesse,
practice, program, program of operation, programma, promise,
proprieties, prospectus, punctilio, quiet good manners, roster,
rules of conduct, schedule, slate, social code, social conduct,
social graces, social procedures, social usage, stipulation,
transaction, treaty, understanding, union contract, usage,
valid contract, wage contract

A set of formal rules describing how to transmit data,
especially across a {network}. Low level protocols define the
electrical and physical standards to be observed, bit- and
byte-ordering and the transmission and {error detection and
correction} of the bit stream. High level protocols deal with
the data formatting, including the {syntax} of messages, the
terminal to computer dialogue, {character sets}, sequencing of
messages etc.

Many protocols are defined by {RFCs} or by {OSI}.

See also {handshaking}.

[{Jargon File}]

(1995-01-12)

protocol: n. As used by hackers, this never refers to niceties about the proper
form for addressing letters to the Papal Nuncio or the order in which one
should use the forks in a Russian-style place setting; hackers don't care
about such things. It is used instead to describe any set of rules that
allow different machines or pieces of software to coordinate with each
other without ambiguity. So, for example, it does include niceties about
the proper form for addressing packets on a network or the order in which
one should use the forks in the Dining Philosophers Problem. It implies
that there is some common message format and an accepted set of primitives
or commands that all parties involved understand, and that transactions
among them follow predictable logical sequences. See also
handshaking,
do protocol.

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