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proposition    音標拼音: [pr,ɑpəz'ɪʃən]
n. 建議,命題,主張
vt. 向…提議,向…調情

建議,命題,主張向…提議,向…調情

proposition
命題

proposition
n 1: (logic) a statement that affirms or denies something and is
either true or false
2: a proposal offered for acceptance or rejection; "it was a
suggestion we couldn't refuse" [synonym: {suggestion},
{proposition}, {proffer}]
3: an offer for a private bargain (especially a request for
sexual favors)
4: the act of making a proposal; "they listened to her proposal"
[synonym: {proposal}, {proposition}]
5: a task to be dealt with; "securing adequate funding is a
time-consuming proposition"
v 1: suggest sex to; "She was propositioned by a stranger at the
party"

Proposition \Prop`o*si"tion\, n. [L. propositio: cf. F.
proposition. See {Propound}.]
1. The act of setting or placing before; the act of offering.
"Oblations for the altar of proposition." --Jer. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which is proposed; that which is offered, as for
consideration, acceptance, or adoption; a proposal; as,
the enemy made propositions of peace; his proposition was
not accepted.
[1913 Webster]

3. A statement of religious doctrine; an article of faith;
creed; as, the propositions of Wyclif and Huss.
[1913 Webster]

Some persons . . . change their propositions
according as their temporal necessities or
advantages do turn. --Jer. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Gram. & Logic) A complete sentence, or part of a sentence
consisting of a subject and predicate united by a copula;
a thought expressed or propounded in language; a from of
speech in which a predicate is affirmed or denied of a
subject; as, snow is white.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Math.) A statement in terms of a truth to be
demonstrated, or of an operation to be performed.
[1913 Webster]

Note: It is called a theorem when it is something to be
proved, and a problem when it is something to be done.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Rhet.) That which is offered or affirmed as the subject
of the discourse; anything stated or affirmed for
discussion or illustration.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Poetry) The part of a poem in which the author states the
subject or matter of it.
[1913 Webster]

{Leaves of proposition} (Jewish Antiq.), the showbread.
--Wyclif (Luke vi. 4).
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Proposal; offer; statement; declaration.

Usage: {Proposition}, {Proposal}. These words are both from
the Latin verb proponere, to set forth, and as here
compared they mark different forms or stages of a
negotiation. A proposition is something presented for
discussion or consideration; as, propositions of
peace. A proposal is some definite thing offered by
one party to be accepted or rejected by the other. If
the proposition is favorably received, it is usually
followed by proposals which complete the arrangement.
[1913 Webster]

162 Moby Thesaurus words for "proposition":
a priori principle, a priori truth, accost, advance, affair,
affirmance, affirmation, allegation, announcement, annunciation,
approach, apriorism, assertion, asseveration, assumed position,
assumption, attempt, averment, avouchment, avowal, axiom, basis,
bring before, bring forward, bring up, broach, brocard, business,
categorical proposition, commend to attention, commitment,
conclusion, conjecture, contract, creed, data, deal, declaration,
dictate, dictum, effort, engagement, enterprise, enunciation,
first principles, formula, foundation, game plan, golden rule,
ground, guesswork, hypothesis, hypothesis ad hoc, importune,
improper suggestion, indecent proposal, inference, instance,
introduce, invitation, ipse dixit, launch, law, lay before, lemma,
major premise, make a motion, make a pass, make advances,
make an overture, manifesto, minor premise, moot, motion, move,
obligation, offer a resolution, open up, operation, overture, pass,
philosopheme, philosophical proposition, plan, pose, position,
position paper, positive declaration, postulate, postulation,
postulatum, predicate, predication, prefer, premise, presumption,
presupposal, presupposition, principium, principle, proclamation,
profession, proffer, program, project, projection, pronouncement,
proposal, propose, propositional function, propound, prospectus,
protest, protestation, put, put forth, put forward, put it to,
recommend, request, resolution, rule, say, say-so, saying,
scenario, self-evident truth, set before, set forth,
set of postulates, settled principle, sexual advance, solicit,
stance, stand, start, statement, submit, suggest, suggestion,
sumption, supposal, supposing, supposition, surmise, task, theorem,
thesis, throw a pass, truism, truth, truth table, truth-function,
truth-value, undertaking, universal truth, utterance, venture,
vouch, word, work, working hypothesis



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