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process    音標拼音: [pr'ɑs,ɛs] [pr'ɔs,ɛs]
n. 程序,進行,過程
vt. 加工,處理,對…處置,對…起訴
a. 經加工的,三色版的

程序,進行,過程加工,處理,對…處置,對…起訴經加工的,三色版的

process
處理;程序;步驟;過程 P

process
處理 過程

process
n 1: a particular course of action intended to achieve a result;
"the procedure of obtaining a driver's license"; "it was a
process of trial and error" [synonym: {procedure}, {process}]
2: (psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive
activity; an operation that affects mental contents; "the
process of thinking"; "the cognitive operation of
remembering" [synonym: {process}, {cognitive process}, {mental
process}, {operation}, {cognitive operation}]
3: a writ issued by authority of law; usually compels the
defendant's attendance in a civil suit; failure to appear
results in a default judgment against the defendant [synonym:
{summons}, {process}]
4: a mental process that you are not directly aware of; "the
process of denial" [synonym: {process}, {unconscious process}]
5: a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an
organism either animal or plant; "a bony process" [synonym:
{process}, {outgrowth}, {appendage}]
6: a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes
through a series of states; "events now in process"; "the
process of calcification begins later for boys than for
girls" [synonym: {process}, {physical process}]
v 1: subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying
for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition;
"process cheese"; "process hair"; "treat the water so it
can be drunk"; "treat the lawn with chemicals" ; "treat an
oil spill" [synonym: {process}, {treat}]
2: deal with in a routine way; "I'll handle that one"; "process
a loan"; "process the applicants"
3: perform mathematical and logical operations on (data)
according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the
required information; "The results of the elections were
still being processed when he gave his acceptance speech"
4: institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against; "He
was warned that the district attorney would process him";
"She actioned the company for discrimination" [synonym: {action},
{sue}, {litigate}, {process}]
5: march in a procession; "They processed into the dining room"
[synonym: {march}, {process}]
6: shape, form, or improve a material; "work stone into tools";
"process iron"; "work the metal" [synonym: {work}, {work on},
{process}]
7: deliver a warrant or summons to someone; "He was processed by
the sheriff" [synonym: {serve}, {process}, {swear out}]

Service \Serv"ice\, n. [OE. servise, OF. servise, service, F.
service, from L. servitium. See {Serve}.]
1. The act of serving; the occupation of a servant; the
performance of labor for the benefit of another, or at
another's command; attendance of an inferior, hired
helper, slave, etc., on a superior, employer, master, or
the like; also, spiritual obedience and love. "O God . . .
whose service is perfect freedom." --Bk. of Com. Prayer.
[1913 Webster]

Madam, I entreat true peace of you,
Which I will purchase with my duteous service.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

God requires no man's service upon hard and
unreasonable terms. --Tillotson.
[1913 Webster]

2. The deed of one who serves; labor performed for another;
duty done or required; office.
[1913 Webster]

I have served him from the hour of my nativity, . .
. and have nothing at his hands for my service but
blows. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

This poem was the last piece of service I did for my
master, King Charles. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

To go on the forlorn hope is a service of peril; who
will understake it if it be not also a service of
honor? --Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

3. Office of devotion; official religious duty performed;
religious rites appropriate to any event or ceremonial;
as, a burial service.
[1913 Webster]

The outward service of ancient religion, the rites,
ceremonies, and ceremonial vestments of the old law.
--Coleridge.
[1913 Webster]

4. Hence, a musical composition for use in churches.
[1913 Webster]

5. Duty performed in, or appropriate to, any office or
charge; official function; hence, specifically, military
or naval duty; performance of the duties of a soldier.
[1913 Webster]

When he cometh to experience of service abroad . . .
ne maketh a worthy soldier. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

6. Useful office; advantage conferred; that which promotes
interest or happiness; benefit; avail.
[1913 Webster]

The stork's plea, when taken in a net, was the
service she did in picking up venomous creatures.
--L'Estrange.
[1913 Webster]

7. Profession of respect; acknowledgment of duty owed. "Pray,
do my service to his majesty." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

8. The act and manner of bringing food to the persons who eat
it; order of dishes at table; also, a set or number of
vessels ordinarily used at table; as, the service was
tardy and awkward; a service of plate or glass.
[1913 Webster]

There was no extraordinary service seen on the
board. --Hakewill.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Law) The act of bringing to notice, either actually or
constructively, in such manner as is prescribed by law;
as, the service of a subp[oe]na or an attachment.
[1913 Webster]

10. (Naut.) The materials used for serving a rope, etc., as
spun yarn, small lines, etc.
[1913 Webster]

11. (Tennis) The act of serving the ball.
[1913 Webster]

12. Act of serving or covering. See {Serve}, v. t., 13.
[1913 Webster]

{Service book}, a prayer book or missal.

{Service line} (Tennis), a line parallel to the net, and at a
distance of 21 feet from it.

{Service of a writ}, {process}, etc. (Law), personal delivery
or communication of the writ or process, etc., to the
party to be affected by it, so as to subject him to its
operation; the reading of it to the person to whom notice
is intended to be given, or the leaving of an attested
copy with the person or his attorney, or at his usual
place of abode.

{Service of an attachment} (Law), the seizing of the person
or goods according to the direction.

{Service of an execution} (Law), the levying of it upon the
goods, estate, or person of the defendant.

{Service pipe}, a pipe connecting mains with a dwelling, as
in gas pipes, and the like. --Tomlinson.

{To accept service}. (Law) See under {Accept}.

{To see service} (Mil.), to do duty in the presence of the
enemy, or in actual war.
[1913 Webster]


Process \Proc"ess\, n. [F. proc[`e]s, L. processus. See
{Proceed}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. The act of proceeding; continued forward movement;
procedure; progress; advance. "Long process of time."
--Milton.
[1913 Webster]

The thoughts of men are widened with the process of
the suns. --Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

2. A series of actions, motions, or occurrences; progressive
act or transaction; continuous operation; normal or actual
course or procedure; regular proceeding; as, the process
of vegetation or decomposition; a chemical process;
processes of nature.
[1913 Webster]

Tell her the process of Antonio's end. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. A statement of events; a narrative. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Anat. & Zool.) Any marked prominence or projecting part,
especially of a bone; anapophysis.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Law) The whole course of proceedings in a cause real or
personal, civil or criminal, from the beginning to the end
of the suit; strictly, the means used for bringing the
defendant into court to answer to the action; -- a generic
term for writs of the class called judicial.
[1913 Webster]

{Deacon's process} [from H. Deacon, who introduced it]
(Chem.), a method of obtaining chlorine gas by passing
hydrochloric acid gas over heated slag which has been
previously saturated with a solution of some metallic
salt, as sulphate of copper.

{Final process} (Practice), a writ of execution in an action
at law. --Burrill.

{In process}, in the condition of advance, accomplishment,
transaction, or the like; begun, and not completed.

{Jury process} (Law), the process by which a jury is summoned
in a cause, and by which their attendance is enforced.
--Burrill.

{Leblanc's process} (Chem.), the process of manufacturing
soda by treating salt with sulphuric acid, reducing the
sodium sulphate so formed to sodium sulphide by roasting
with charcoal, and converting the sodium sulphide to
sodium carbonate by roasting with lime.

{Mesne process}. See under {Mesne}.

{Process milling}, the process of high milling for grinding
flour. See under {Milling}.

{Reversible process} (Thermodynamics), any process consisting
of a cycle of operations such that the different
operations of the cycle can be performed in reverse order
with a reversal of their effects.
[1913 Webster]

173 Moby Thesaurus words for "process":
Afro, MO, act, activity, algorithm, alter, analog process, answer,
approach, arrange, attack, barber, behavior pattern, bench warrant,
blow up, blueprint, bob, capias, carve, caveat, change, chisel,
clear for action, clear the decks, coif, coiffure, cold wave, conk,
convert, course, course of action, cruise, cultivate, cure,
deal with, death warrant, deploy, develop, development,
digital process, dispose of, dress, enlarge, excrescence,
excrescency, extract, fare, fashion, feeling, fieri facias, fix,
fix up, form, function, get ready, go, grow, guise,
habere facias possessionem, haircut, hairdo, hairstyle, handle,
harvest, headdress, hie, home permanent, hunting, injunction,
input oscillation, interdict, journey, line, line of action, lines,
machine, make arrangements, make preparations, make ready, manage,
mandamus, mandate, mandatory injunction, manipulate, manner,
manner of working, marshal, means, measure, method, methodology,
mill, mine, mittimus, mobilize, mode, mode of operation,
mode of procedure, modify, modus, modus operandi, motion, natural,
nisi prius, notice, notification, offset, operation, order,
organize, oscillatory behavior, overcorrection of error, overshoot,
pass, permanent, permanent wave, plan, pompadour, practice,
prearrange, precept, prep, prepare, pretreat, print, procedure,
proceed, proceeding, procure materials, prohibitory injunction,
provide, pump, push on, put in shape, raise, ready, ready up, rear,
refine, repair, routine, search warrant, self-excitation,
settle preliminaries, shingle, smelt, step, stock, stock up, store,
style, system, tack, take care of, tan, technique, the drill,
the how, the way of, tone, transform, travel, treat, trim, try out,
utilize, warrant, warrant of arrest, warrant of attorney, wave,
way, wise, writ

1. The sequence of states of an
executing {program}. A process consists of the program {code}
(which may be shared with other processes which are executing
the same program), private data, and the state of the
{processor}, particularly the values in its {registers}. It
may have other associated resources such as a {process
identifier}, open files, {CPU time} limits, {shared memory},
{child processes}, and {signal handlers}.

One process may, on some {platforms}, consist of many
{threads}. A {multitasking} {operating system} can run
multiple processes {concurrently} or in {parallel}, and allows
a process to spawn "child" processes.

(2001-06-16)

2. The sequence of activities, people, and systems
involved in carrying out some business or achieving some
desired result. E.g. software development process, project
management process, configuration management process.

(2001-06-16)

PROCESS, rights. The means or method of accomplishing a thing.
2. It has been said that the word manufacture, (q.v.) in the patent
laws, may, perhaps, extend to a new process, to be carried on by known
implements, or elements, acting upon known substances, and ultimately
producing some other known substance, but producing it in a cheaper or more
expeditious manner, or of a better and more useful kind. 2 B. & Ald. 349.
See Perpigna, Manuel des Inventeurs, &c., c. 1; s. 5, Sec. 1, p. 22, 4th
ed.; Manufacture; Method.


PROCESS, practice. So denominated because it proceeds or issues forth in
order to bring the defendant into court, to answer the charge preferred
against him, and signifies the writ or judicial means by which he is brought
to answer. 1 Paine, R. 368 Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
2. In the English law, process in civil causes is called original
process, when it is founded upon the original writ; and also to distinguish
it from mesne or intermediate process, which issues pending the suit, upon
some collateral interlocutory matter, as, to summon juries, witnesses,, and
the like; mesne process is also sometimes put in contradistinction to final
process, or process of execution; and then it signifies all process which
intervenes between the beginning and end of a suit. 3 Bl. Com. 279.
3. In criminal cases that proceeding which is called a warrant, before
the finding of the bill, is termed process when issued after the indictment
has been found by the jury. Vide 4 Bl. Com. 319; Dalt. J. c. 193; Com. Dig.
Process, A 1; Burn's Dig. Process; Williams, J, Process; 1 Chit. Cr. Law,
338; 17 Vin. Ab. 585.
4. The word process in the 12th section of the 5th article of the
constitution of Pennsylvania, which provides that "the style of all process
shall be The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania," was intended to refer to such
writs only as should become necessary to be issued in the course of the
exercise of that judicial power which is established and provided for in the
article of the constitution, and forms exclusively the subject matter of it.
3 Penna. R. 99.


PROCESS, MESNE, practice. By this term is generally understood any writ
issued in the course of a suit between the original process and execution.
2. By this term is also meant the writ or proceedings in an action to
summon or bring the defendant into court, or compel him to appear or put in
bail, and then to hear and answer the plaintiffs claim. 3 Chit. Pr. 140.

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