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prime    音標拼音: [pr'ɑɪm]
n. 最佳部分,初期,全盛期
a. 主要的,最初的,根本的
vi. 灌注,填裝


質數 主

adj 1: first in rank or degree; "an architect of premier rank";
"the prime minister" [synonym: {premier(a)}, {prime(a)}]
2: used of the first or originating agent; "prime mover"
3: of superior grade; "choice wines"; "prime beef"; "prize
carnations"; "quality paper"; "select peaches" [synonym:
{choice}, {prime(a)}, {prize}, {quality}, {select}]
4: of or relating to or being an integer that cannot be factored
into other integers; "prime number"
5: being at the best stage of development; "our manhood's prime
vigor"- Robert Browning [synonym: {prime}, {meridian}]
n 1: a number that has no factor but itself and 1 [synonym: {prime},
{prime quantity}]
2: the period of greatest prosperity or productivity [synonym:
{flower}, {prime}, {peak}, {heyday}, {bloom}, {blossom},
{efflorescence}, {flush}]
3: the second canonical hour; about 6 a.m.
4: the time of maturity when power and vigor are greatest [synonym:
{prime}, {prime of life}]
v 1: insert a primer into (a gun, mine, or charge) preparatory
to detonation or firing; "prime a cannon"; "prime a mine"
2: cover with a primer; apply a primer to [synonym: {prime},
{ground}, {undercoat}]
3: fill with priming liquid; "prime a car engine"

Prime \Prime\, a. [F., fr. L. primus first, a superl.
corresponding to the compar. prior former. See {Prior}, a.,
{Foremost}, {Former}, and cf. {Prim}, a., {Primary},
1. First in order of time; original; primeval; primitive;
primary. "Prime forests." --Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

She was not the prime cause, but I myself. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In this sense the word is nearly superseded by
primitive, except in the phrase prime cost.
[1913 Webster]

2. First in rank, degree, dignity, authority, or importance;
as, prime minister. "Prime virtues." --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

3. First in excellence; of highest quality; as, prime wheat;
a prime quality of cloth.
[1913 Webster]

4. Early; blooming; being in the first stage. [Poetic]
[1913 Webster]

His starry helm, unbuckled, showed him prime
In manhood where youth ended. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

5. Lecherous; lustful; lewd. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

6. Marked or distinguished by a mark (') called a prime mark.

Note: In this dictionary the same typographic mark is used to
indicate a weak accent in headwords, and minutes of a
degree in angle measurements.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Math.)
(a) Divisible by no number except itself or unity; as, 7
is a prime number.
(b) Having no common factor; -- used with to; as, 12 is
prime to 25.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Prime and ultimate ratio}. (Math.). See {Ultimate}.

{Prime conductor}. (Elec.) See under {Conductor}.

{Prime factor} (Arith.), a factor which is a prime number.

{Prime figure} (Geom.), a figure which can not be divided
into any other figure more simple than itself, as a
triangle, a pyramid, etc.

{Prime meridian} (Astron.), the meridian from which longitude
is reckoned, as the meridian of Greenwich or Washington.

{Prime minister}, the responsible head of a ministry or
executive government; applied particularly to that of

{Prime mover}. (Mech.)
(a) A natural agency applied by man to the production of
power. Especially: Muscular force; the weight and
motion of fluids, as water and air; heat obtained by
chemical combination, and applied to produce changes
in the volume and pressure of steam, air, or other
fluids; and electricity, obtained by chemical action,
and applied to produce alternation of magnetic force.
(b) An engine, or machine, the object of which is to
receive and modify force and motion as supplied by
some natural source, and apply them to drive other
machines; as a water wheel, a water-pressure engine, a
steam engine, a hot-air engine, etc.
(c) Fig.: The original or the most effective force in any
undertaking or work; as, Clarkson was the prime mover
in English antislavery agitation.

{Prime number} (Arith.), a number which is exactly divisible
by no number except itself or unity, as 5, 7, 11.

{Prime vertical} (Astron.), the vertical circle which passes
through the east and west points of the horizon.

{Prime-vertical dial}, a dial in which the shadow is
projected on the plane of the prime vertical.

{Prime-vertical transit instrument}, a transit instrument the
telescope of which revolves in the plane of the prime
vertical, -- used for observing the transit of stars over
this circle.
[1913 Webster]

Prime \Prime\, n.
1. The first part; the earliest stage; the beginning or
opening, as of the day, the year, etc.; hence, the dawn;
the spring. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

In the very prime of the world. --Hooker.
[1913 Webster]

Hope waits upon the flowery prime. --Waller.
[1913 Webster]

2. The spring of life; youth; hence, full health, strength,
or beauty; perfection. "Cut off in their prime."
--Eustace. "The prime of youth." --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

3. That which is first in quantity; the most excellent
portion; the best part.
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Give him always of the prime. --Swift.
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4. [F. prime, LL. prima (sc. hora). See {Prime}, a.] The
morning; specifically (R. C. Ch.), the first canonical
hour, succeeding to lauds.
[1913 Webster]

Early and late it rung, at evening and at prime.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Originally, prime denoted the first quarter of the
artificial day, reckoned from 6 a. m. to 6 p. m.
Afterwards, it denoted the end of the first quarter,
that is, 9 a. m. Specifically, it denoted the first
canonical hour, as now. Chaucer uses it in all these
senses, and also in the sense of def. 1, above.
[1913 Webster]

They sleep till that it was pryme large.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Fencing) The first of the chief guards.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Chem.) Any number expressing the combining weight or
equivalent of any particular element; -- so called because
these numbers were respectively reduced to their lowest
relative terms on the fixed standard of hydrogen as 1.
[Obs. or Archaic]
[1913 Webster]

7. (Arith.) A prime number. See under {Prime}, a.
[1913 Webster]

8. An inch, as composed of twelve seconds in the duodecimal
system; -- denoted by [']. See 2d {Inch}, n., 1.
[1913 Webster]

{Prime of the moon}, the new moon at its first appearance.
[1913 Webster]

Prime \Prime\, v. i.
1. To be renewed, or as at first. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Night's bashful empress, though she often wane,
As oft repeats her darkness, primes again.
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2. To serve as priming for the charge of a gun.
[1913 Webster]

3. To work so that foaming occurs from too violent
ebullition, which causes water to become mixed with, and
be carried along with, the steam that is formed; -- said
of a steam boiler.
[1913 Webster]

Prime \Prime\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Primed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Priming}.] [From {Prime}, a.]
1. To apply priming to, as a musket or a cannon; to apply a
primer to, as a metallic cartridge.
[1913 Webster]

2. To lay the first color, coating, or preparation upon (a
surface), as in painting; as, to prime a canvas, a wall.
[1913 Webster]

3. To prepare; to make ready; to instruct beforehand; to
post; to coach; as, to prime a witness; the boys are
primed for mischief. [Colloq.] --Thackeray.
[1913 Webster]

4. To trim or prune, as trees. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
[1913 Webster]

5. (Math.) To mark with a prime mark.
[1913 Webster]

{To prime a pump}, to charge a pump with water, in order to
put it in working condition.
[1913 Webster]

466 Moby Thesaurus words for "prime":
Eastertide, Mass, Maytime, abecedarian, aboriginal, acme,
admirable, adolescence, adulthood, adultness, advise,
age of consent, algorismic, algorithmic, aliquot, all-absorbing,
alpha, ancestral, antecedent, antenatal, antepatriarchal, anterior,
anticipatory, apply paint, apprise, arch, atavistic, aurora,
autochthonous, banner, basic, bedaub, bedizen, bedtime prayer,
begild, beginning, besmear, best, break of day, breaking-in, brief,
brightening, brush on paint, budding, budtime, butter, calcimine,
camp meeting, capital, cardinal, central, champion, chanticleer,
charge, chief, choice, chosen, church, church service, ci-devant,
coach, coat, cock, cockcrow, cocklight, color, complexion,
compline, controlling, cover, crack of dawn, cram, cram with facts,
cream, creative, crowning, dab, dandy, daub, dawn, dawning,
day-peep, daybreak, daylight, dayspring, decimal, deep-dye,
detonate, devotions, differential, digital, dip, discharge,
distemper, divine service, dominant, double-dye, drill,
driving age, drop, duty, dye, earlier, earliest, early, educate,
eject, elder, elect, elemental, elementary, elite, emblazon,
embryonic, enamel, engild, even, evening devotions, evensong,
excellent, exceptional, excite, exercises, exponential,
extraordinary, face, famous, fast-dye, fat, fell, fetal, figural,
figurate, figurative, fine, finite, fire, fire off, first,
first blush, first brightening, first glance, first impression,
first inning, first lap, first move, first round, first sight,
first stage, first step, first-class, first-rate, first-string,
flower, flower of age, focal, for the best, fore, foregoing,
forehand, foremost, formative, former, forward, foundational,
fractional, fresco, front, frontal, full age, full bloom,
full growth, fullgrownness, fundamental, galvanize, gambit,
gestatory, get ready, get up steam, gild, glaze, gloss, grain,
great, greatest, greenness, grown-upness, gun, gun for, handpicked,
head, headmost, hegemonic, heyday, highest, hit, hue, humanoid,
illuminate, imaginary, imbue, impair, impossible, in embryo,
in its infancy, in the bud, inaugural, inceptive, inchoate,
inchoative, incipient, incunabular, infant, infantile, infinite,
inform, ingrain, initial, initiative, initiatory, instruct,
integral, introductory, inventive, irrational, japan, juvenility,
lacquer, lauds, lay on, lay on color, le premier pas, leading,
legal age, legalis homo, let fly, let off, light, liturgy, load,
logarithmic, logometric, magisterial, maiden, main, majority,
make ready, manhood, manlihood, master, matchless, matins,
mature age, maturity, meeting, morn, morning devotions, motivate,
move, nascent, natal, negative, night song, none, nones, nonesuch,
nonpareil, noteworthy, notify, novena, numeral, numerary,
numerative, numeric, odd, office, older, opening move, optimal,
optimum, ordinal, original, outstanding, overriding, overruling,
paint, pair, paragon, paramount, parget, parturient, patriarchal,
peak, peep of day, peerless, pelt, pepper, pick, pick off, picked,
pigment, pinnacle, pioneer, pique, pistol, plug, positive,
possible, postnatal, pot, potshoot, potshot, praise meeting,
prayer, prayer meeting, prayers, preadamite, preceding, precurrent,
predominant, preeminent, preexistent, preglacial, pregnant,
prehistoric, prehuman, premier, prenatal, prepare, preponderant,
prevailing, previous, pride, primal, primary, primavera,
prime of life, prime song, primeval, primitive, primitiveness,
primitivity, primogenial, primoprimitive, primordial, principal,
prior, pristine, prize, procreative, protohistoric, protohuman,
puberty, pubescence, public worship, queen, quicken, quintessence,
quintessential, radical, ranking, rational, real, reciprocal,
revival, revival meeting, riddle, ripe age, riper years,
rudimental, rudimentary, ruling, seedtime, select, senior, service,
set, sext, shade, shadow, shellac, shoot, shoot at, shoot down,
slap on, slather, slop on paint, smear, smear on, snipe, sovereign,
spread on, spread with, spring, springtide, springtime, stain,
star, steam up, stellar, stimulate, stipple, strike,
stuff with knowledge, submultiple, sunrise, sunup, supereminent,
superior, superlative, supreme, surd, surpassing, take a potshot,
tar, teach, tent meeting, the best, the best ever, the tops,
the very best, tierce, tinct, tincture, tinge, tint, toga virilis,
tone, top, topflight, torpedo, train, transcendental, tutor,
undercoat, underived, undersong, unmatchable, unmatched,
unparalleled, unsurpassed, uppermost, ur, varnish, very best,
vesper, vespers, vestibule of Day, vigils, virility, warm up,
warming-up, wash, watch meeting, watch night, watch-night service,
whitewash, wind, wind up, womanhood, womanlihood, worthy,
years of discretion, youth, youthfulness, zenith

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