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planets    音標拼音: [pl'ænəts]
Star \Star\ (st[aum]r), n. [OE. sterre, AS. steorra; akin to
OFries. stera, OS. sterro, D. ster, OHG. sterno, sterro, G.
stern, Icel. stjarna, Sw. stjerna, Dan. stierne, Goth.
sta['i]rn[=o], Armor. & Corn. steren, L. stella, Gr. 'asth`r,
'a`stron, Skr. star; perhaps from a root meaning, to scatter,
Skr. st[.r], L. sternere (cf. {Stratum}), and originally
applied to the stars as being strewn over the sky, or as
being scatterers or spreaders of light. [root]296. Cf.
{Aster}, {Asteroid}, {Constellation}, {Disaster}, {Stellar}.]
1. One of the innumerable luminous bodies seen in the
heavens; any heavenly body other than the sun, moon,
comets, and nebulae.
[1913 Webster]

His eyen twinkled in his head aright,
As do the stars in the frosty night. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The stars are distinguished as {planets}, and {fixed
stars}. See {Planet}, {Fixed stars} under {Fixed}, and
{Magnitude of a star} under {Magnitude}.
[1913 Webster]

2. The polestar; the north star. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Astrol.) A planet supposed to influence one's destiny;
(usually pl.) a configuration of the planets, supposed to
influence fortune.
[1913 Webster]

O malignant and ill-brooding stars. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Blesses his stars, and thinks it luxury. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]

4. That which resembles the figure of a star, as an ornament
worn on the breast to indicate rank or honor.
[1913 Webster]

On whom . . .
Lavish Honor showered all her stars. --Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

5. Specifically, a radiated mark in writing or printing; an
asterisk [thus, *]; -- used as a reference to a note, or
to fill a blank where something is omitted, etc.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Pyrotechny) A composition of combustible matter used in
the heading of rockets, in mines, etc., which, exploding
in the air, presents a starlike appearance.
[1913 Webster]

7. A person of brilliant and attractive qualities, especially
on public occasions, as a distinguished orator, a leading
theatrical performer, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Star is used in the formation of compound words
generally of obvious signification; as, star-aspiring,
star-bespangled, star-bestudded, star-blasting,
star-bright, star-crowned, star-directed, star-eyed,
star-headed, star-paved, star-roofed, star-sprinkled,
star-wreathed.
[1913 Webster]

{Blazing star}, {Double star}, {Multiple star}, {Shooting
star}, etc. See under {Blazing}, {Double}, etc.

{Nebulous star} (Astron.), a small well-defined circular
nebula, having a bright nucleus at its center like a star.


{Star anise} (Bot.), any plant of the genus Illicium; -- so
called from its star-shaped capsules.

{Star apple} (Bot.), a tropical American tree ({Chrysophyllum
Cainito}), having a milky juice and oblong leaves with a
silky-golden pubescence beneath. It bears an applelike
fruit, the carpels of which present a starlike figure when
cut across. The name is extended to the whole genus of
about sixty species, and the natural order ({Sapotaceae})
to which it belongs is called the Star-apple family.

{Star conner}, one who cons, or studies, the stars; an
astronomer or an astrologer. --Gascoigne.

{Star coral} (Zool.), any one of numerous species of stony
corals belonging to {Astraea}, {Orbicella}, and allied
genera, in which the calicles are round or polygonal and
contain conspicuous radiating septa.

{Star cucumber}. (Bot.) See under {Cucumber}.

{Star flower}. (Bot.)
(a) A plant of the genus {Ornithogalum};
star-of-Bethlehem.
(b) See {Starwort}
(b) .
(c) An American plant of the genus {Trientalis}
({Trientalis Americana}). --Gray.

{Star fort} (Fort.), a fort surrounded on the exterior with
projecting angles; -- whence the name.

{Star gauge} (Ordnance), a long rod, with adjustable points
projecting radially at its end, for measuring the size of
different parts of the bore of a gun.

{Star grass}. (Bot.)
(a) A small grasslike plant ({Hypoxis erecta}) having
star-shaped yellow flowers.
(b) The colicroot. See {Colicroot}.

{Star hyacinth} (Bot.), a bulbous plant of the genus {Scilla}
({Scilla autumnalis}); -- called also {star-headed
hyacinth}.

{Star jelly} (Bot.), any one of several gelatinous plants
({Nostoc commune}, {Nostoc edule}, etc.). See {Nostoc}.

{Star lizard}. (Zool.) Same as {Stellion}.

{Star-of-Bethlehem} (Bot.), a bulbous liliaceous plant
({Ornithogalum umbellatum}) having a small white starlike
flower.

{Star-of-the-earth} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Plantago}
({Plantago coronopus}), growing upon the seashore.

{Star polygon} (Geom.), a polygon whose sides cut each other
so as to form a star-shaped figure.

{Stars and Stripes}, a popular name for the flag of the
United States, which consists of thirteen horizontal
stripes, alternately red and white, and a union having, in
a blue field, white stars to represent the several States,
one for each.

With the old flag, the true American flag, the
Eagle, and the Stars and Stripes, waving over the
chamber in which we sit. --D. Webster.

{Star showers}. See {Shooting star}, under {Shooting}.

{Star thistle} (Bot.), an annual composite plant ({Centaurea
solstitialis}) having the involucre armed with stout
radiating spines.

{Star wheel} (Mach.), a star-shaped disk, used as a kind of
ratchet wheel, in repeating watches and the feed motions
of some machines.

{Star worm} (Zool.), a gephyrean.

{Temporary star} (Astron.), a star which appears suddenly,
shines for a period, and then nearly or quite disappears.
These stars were supposed by some astronomers to be
variable stars of long and undetermined periods. More
recently, variations star in start intensity are
classified more specifically, and this term is now
obsolescent. See also {nova}. [Obsolescent]

{Variable star} (Astron.), a star whose brilliancy varies
periodically, generally with regularity, but sometimes
irregularly; -- called {periodical star} when its changes
occur at fixed periods.

{Water star grass} (Bot.), an aquatic plant ({Schollera
graminea}) with small yellow starlike blossoms.
[1913 Webster]

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