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person    音標拼音: [p'ɚsən]
n. 人;家伙;人身,身體;人稱

人;傢夥;人身,身體;人稱

person
n 1: a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
[synonym: {person}, {individual}, {someone}, {somebody},
{mortal}, {soul}]
2: a human body (usually including the clothing); "a weapon was
hidden on his person"
3: a grammatical category used in the classification of
pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms according to
whether they indicate the speaker, the addressee, or a third
party; "stop talking about yourself in the third person"

Person \Per"son\ (p[~e]r"s'n; 277), n. [OE. persone, persoun,
person, parson, OF. persone, F. personne, L. persona a mask
(used by actors), a personage, part, a person, fr. personare
to sound through; per sonare to sound. See {Per-}, and cf.
{Parson}.]
1. A character or part, as in a play; a specific kind or
manifestation of individual character, whether in real
life, or in literary or dramatic representation; an
assumed character. [Archaic]
[1913 Webster]

His first appearance upon the stage in his new
person of a sycophant or juggler. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

No man can long put on a person and act a part.
--Jer. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

To bear rule, which was thy part
And person, hadst thou known thyself aright.
--Milton.
[1913 Webster]

How different is the same man from himself, as he
sustains the person of a magistrate and that of a
friend! --South.
[1913 Webster]

2. The bodily form of a human being; body; outward
appearance; as, of comely person.
[1913 Webster]

A fair persone, and strong, and young of age.
--Chaucer.
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If it assume my noble father's person. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Love, sweetness, goodness, in her person shined.
--Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. A living, self-conscious being, as distinct from an animal
or a thing; a moral agent; a human being; a man, woman, or
child.
[1913 Webster]

Consider what person stands for; which, I think, is
a thinking, intelligent being, that has reason and
reflection. --Locke.
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4. A human being spoken of indefinitely; one; a man; as, any
person present.
[1913 Webster]

5. A parson; the parish priest. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Theol.) Among Trinitarians, one of the three subdivisions
of the Godhead (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost);
an hypostasis. "Three persons and one God." --Bk. of Com.
Prayer.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Gram.) One of three relations or conditions (that of
speaking, that of being spoken to, and that of being
spoken of) pertaining to a noun or a pronoun, and thence
also to the verb of which it may be the subject.
[1913 Webster]

Note: A noun or pronoun, when representing the speaker, is
said to be in the first person; when representing what
is spoken to, in the second person; when representing
what is spoken of, in the third person.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Biol.) A shoot or bud of a plant; a polyp or zooid of the
compound Hydrozoa, Anthozoa, etc.; also, an individual, in
the narrowest sense, among the higher animals. --Haeckel.
[1913 Webster]

True corms, composed of united person[ae] . . .
usually arise by gemmation, . . . yet in sponges and
corals occasionally by fusion of several originally
distinct persons. --Encyc. Brit.
[1913 Webster]

{Artificial person}, or {Fictitious person} (Law), a
corporation or body politic; -- this term is used in
contrast with {natural person}, a real human being. See
also {legal person}. --Blackstone.

{Legal person} (Law), an individual or group that is allowed
by law to take legal action, as plaintiff or defendent. It
may include natural persons as well as fictitious persons
(such as corporations).

{Natural person} (Law), a man, woman, or child, in
distinction from a corporation.

{In person}, by one's self; with bodily presence, rather than
by remote communication; not by representative. "The king
himself in person is set forth." --Shak.

{In the person of}, in the place of; acting for. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]


Person \Per"son\, v. t.
To represent as a person; to personify; to impersonate.
[Obs.] --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

124 Moby Thesaurus words for "person":
Adamite, actor, actually, an existence, anatomy, antagonist,
antihero, article, being, bit, bit part, bodily, body, body-build,
bones, build, carcass, cast, cat, chap, character, child, clay,
clod, cookie, coot, corpus, creature, critter, cue, customer, duck,
earthling, entelechy, entity, fat part, feeder, fellow, figure,
first person, flesh, form, fourth person, frame, galoot,
groundling, guy, hand, head, heavy, hero, heroine, homo, hulk,
human, human being, in person, in the flesh, individual, ingenue,
integer, item, joker, lead, lead role, leading lady, leading man,
leading woman, life, lines, living soul, man, material body,
module, monad, mortal, nose, object, obviative, one, organism,
part, party, persona, personage, personality, personally,
physical body, physique, piece, point, protagonist, proximate,
role, second person, shape, side, single, singleton, soma,
somebody, someone, something, soubrette, soul, specimen, stick,
straight part, supporting character, supporting role, tellurian,
terran, themselves, thing, third person, title role, torso, trunk,
unit, villain, walk-on, walking part, woman, worldling

PERSON. This word is applied to men, women and children, who are called
natural persons. In law, man and person are not exactly synonymous terms.
Any human being is a man, whether he be a member of society or not, whatever
may be the rank he holds, or whatever may be his age, sex, &c. A person is a
man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the
rights to which the place he holds entitles him, and the duties which it
imposes. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 137.
2. It is also used to denote a corporation which is an artificial
person. 1 Bl. Com. 123; 4 Bing. 669; C. 33 Eng. C. L R. 488; Woodes. Lect.
116; Bac. Us. 57; 1 Mod. 164.
3. But when the word "Persons" is spoken of in legislative acts,
natural persons will be intended, unless something appear in the context to
show that it applies to artificial persons. 1 Scam. R. 178.
4. Natural persons are divided into males, or men; and females or
women. Men are capable of all kinds of engagements and functions, unless by
reasons applying to particular individuals. Women cannot be appointed to any
public office, nor perform any civil functions, except those which the law
specially declares them capable of exercising. Civ. Code of Louis. art. 25.
5. They are also sometimes divided into free persons and slaves.
Freemen are those who have preserved their natural liberty, that is to say,
who have the right of doing what is not forbidden by the law. A slave is one
who is in the power of a master to whom he belongs. Slaves are sometimes
ranked not with persons but things. But sometimes they are considered as
persons for example, a negro is in contemplation of law a person, so as to
be capable of committing a riot in conjunction with white men. 1 Bay, 358.
Vide Man.
6. Persons are also divided into citizens, (q.v.) and aliens, (q.v.)
when viewed with regard to their political rights. When they are considered
in relation to their civil rights, they are living or civilly dead; vide
Civil Death; outlaws; and infamous persons.
7. Persons are divided into legitimates and bastards, when examined as
to their rights by birth.
8. When viewed in their domestic relations, they are divided into
parents and children; husbands and wives; guardians and wards; and masters
and servants son, as it is understood in law, see 1 Toull. n. 168; 1 Bouv.
Inst. n. 1890, note.



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