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participle    
n. 分詞

分詞

participle
n 1: a non-finite form of the verb; in English it is used
adjectivally and to form compound tenses [synonym:
{participle}, {participial}]

Participle \Par"ti*ci*ple\, n. [F. participe, L. participium,
fr. particeps sharing, participant; pars, gen. partis, a part
capere to take. See {Participate}.]
1. (Gram.) A part of speech partaking of the nature of both
verb and adjective; a form of a verb, or verbal adjective,
modifying a noun, but taking the adjuncts of the verb from
which it is derived. In the sentences: a letter is
written; being asleep he did not hear; exhausted by toil
he will sleep soundly, -- written, being, and exhaustedare
participles.
[1913 Webster]

By a participle, [I understand] a verb in an
adjectival aspect. --Earle.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Present participles, called also imperfect, or
incomplete, participles, end in -ing. Past participles,
called also perfect, or complete, participles, for the
most part end in -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n. A participle
when used merely as an attribute of a noun, without
reference to time, is called an adjective, or a
participial adjective; as, a written constitution; a
rolling stone; the exhausted army. The verbal noun in
-ing has the form of the present participle. See
{Verbal noun}, under {Verbal}, a.
[1913 Webster]

2. Anything that partakes of the nature of different things.
[Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

The participles or confines between plants and
living creatures. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

28 Moby Thesaurus words for "participle":
adjectival, adjective, adverb, adverbial, adversative conjunction,
attributive, conjunction, conjunctive adverb,
coordinating conjunction, copulative, copulative conjunction,
correlative conjunction, disjunctive, disjunctive conjunction,
exclamatory noun, form class, form word, function class, gerundive,
interjection, part of speech, particle, past participle,
perfect participle, preposition, present participle,
subordinating conjunction, verbal adjective

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