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parish    音標拼音: [p'ærɪʃ] [p'ɛrɪʃ]
n. 教區

教區

parish
n 1: a local church community
2: the local subdivision of a diocese committed to one pastor

Parish \Par"ish\, a.
Of or pertaining to a parish; parochial; as, a parish church;
parish records; a parish priest; maintained by the parish;
as, parish poor. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

{Parish clerk}.
(a) The clerk or recording officer of a parish.
(b) A layman who leads in the responses and otherwise assists
in the service of the Church of England.

{Parish court}, in Louisiana, a court in each parish.
[1913 Webster]


parish \par"ish\ (p[a^]r"[i^]sh), n. [OE. parishe, paresche,
parosche, OF. paroisse, parosse, paroiche, F. paroisse, L.
parochia, corrupted fr. paroecia, Gr. paroiki`a, fr.
pa`roikos dwelling beside or near; para` beside o'i^kos a
house, dwelling; akin to L. vicus village. See {Vicinity},
and cf. {Parochial}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. (Eccl. & Eng. Law)
(a) That circuit of ground committed to the charge of one
parson or vicar, or other minister having cure of
souls therein. --Cowell.
(b) The same district, constituting a civil jurisdiction,
with its own officers and regulations, as respects the
poor, taxes, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Populous and extensive parishes are now divided, under
various parliamentary acts, into smaller ecclesiastical
districts for spiritual purposes. --Mozley & W.
[1913 Webster]

2. An ecclesiastical society, usually not bounded by
territorial limits, but composed of those persons who
choose to unite under the charge of a particular priest,
clergyman, or minister; also, loosely, the territory in
which the members of a congregation live. [U. S.]
[1913 Webster]

3. In Louisiana, a civil division corresponding to a county
in other States.
[1913 Webster]

65 Moby Thesaurus words for "parish":
Kreis, archbishopric, archdiocese, arrondissement, assembly,
bailiwick, bishopric, borough, brethren, canton, churchgoers, city,
class, commune, conference, congregation, congressional district,
constablewick, county, departement, diocese, district, duchy,
electoral district, electorate, flock, fold, government, hamlet,
hundred, laity, laymen, magistracy, metropolis, metropolitan area,
minyan, nonclerics, nonordained persons, oblast, okrug,
parishioners, people, precinct, principality, province, region,
riding, seculars, see, sheep, sheriffalty, sheriffwick, shire,
shrievalty, society, soke, stake, state, synod, territory, town,
township, village, wapentake, ward

PARISH. A district of country of different extents. In the ecclesiastical
law it signified the territory committed to the charge of a parson, vicar,
or other minister. Ayl. Parerg. 404; 2 Bl. Com. 112. In Louisiana, the state
is divided into parishes.

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