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octave    音標拼音: ['ɑktɪv]
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octave
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octave
n 1: a feast day and the seven days following it
2: a musical interval of eight tones [synonym: {octave}, {musical
octave}]
3: a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse

Octave \Oc"tave\, a.
Consisting of eight; eight. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]


Octave \Oc"tave\, n. [F., fr. L. octava an eighth, fr. octavus
eighth, fr. octo eight. See {Eight}, and cf. {Octavo},
{Utas}.]
1. The eighth day after a church festival, the festival day
being included; also, the week following a church
festival. "The octaves of Easter." --Jer. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Mus.)
(a) The eighth tone in the scale; the interval between one
and eight of the scale, or any interval of equal
length; an interval of five tones and two semitones.
(b) The whole diatonic scale itself.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The ratio of a musical tone to its octave above is 1:2
as regards the number of vibrations producing the
tones.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Poet.) The first two stanzas of a sonnet, consisting of
four verses each; a stanza of eight lines.
[1913 Webster]

With mournful melody it continued this octave. --Sir
P. Sidney.
[1913 Webster]

{Double octave}. (Mus.) See under {Double}.

{Octave flute} (Mus.), a small flute, the tones of which
range an octave higher than those of the German or
ordinary flute; -- called also {piccolo}. See {Piccolo}.
[1913 Webster]

4. A small cask of wine, the eighth part of a pipe.
[1913 Webster]

151 Moby Thesaurus words for "octave":
English horn, Octateuch, Spenserian stanza, antistrophe, bassoon,
block flute, bombard, book, bourdon, burden, canto, cello, chorus,
claribel, clarinet, clarion, concert flute, consecutive intervals,
contraoctave, cornet, cornopean, couplet, cromorna, cymbel, degree,
diapason, diatessaron, diatonic interval, diatonic semitone,
distich, double contraoctave, dulciana, eight,
eighter from Decatur, eighth, enharmonic diesis,
enharmonic interval, envoi, epode, fifth, flute stop,
foundation stop, four-foot octave, four-line octave, fourniture,
fourth, gamba, gedeckt, gemshorn, great octave, half step,
halftone, harmonic flute, heptastich, hexastich, hybrid stop,
interval, koppel flute, larigot, less semitone, line, measure,
melodia, melodic interval, mixture, monostich, mutation stop,
nazard, note, oboe, octad, octagon, octahedron, octameter,
octastich, octastyle, octavo, octet, octonary, octosyllable,
ogdoad, one-line octave, organ stop, ottava, ottava alta,
ottava bassa, ottava rima, parallel octaves, pentastich, piccolo,
plein jeu, posaune, principal, quatrain, quint, quintaten, rank,
ranket, reed stop, refrain, register, rhyme royal, rohr flute,
second, semitone, septet, sesquialtera, sestet, seventh, sextet,
shawm, sixth, small octave, spitz flute, stanza, stave, step, stop,
stopped diapason, stopped flute, strain, string diapason,
string stop, strophe, subcontraoctave, syllable, tercet,
terza rima, tetrastich, third, tierce, tone, tone row, tremolo,
triplet, tristich, trombone, trumpet, twelfth, two-foot octave,
two-line octave, unda maris, unison interval, utas, verse, vibrato,
viola, voix celeste, vox angelica, vox humana, whole step

A high-level {interactive} language by John
W. Eaton, with help from many others, like {MATLAB}, primarily
intended for numerical computations. Octave provides a
convenient {command line interface} for solving linear and
nonlinear problems numerically.

Octave can do arithmetic for {real} and {complex} {scalars}
and {matrices}, solve sets of nonlinear algebraic equations,
integrate functions over finite and infinite intervals, and
integrate systems of ordinary differential and
differential-algebraic equations.

Octave has been compiled and tested with {g} and libg on a
{SPARCstation 2} running {SunOS} 4.1.2, an {IBM} {RS/6000}
running {AIX} 3.2.5, {DEC Alpha} systems running {OSF}/1 1.3
and 3.0, a {DECstation 5000}/240 running {Ultrix} 4.2a, and
{Intel 486} systems running {Linux}. It should work on most
other {Unix} systems with {g} and libg.

Octave is distributed under the {GNU} {General Public
License}. It requires {gnuplot}, a {C} compiler and
{Fortran} compiler or {f2c} translator.

Latest version: 2.0.16 (released 2000-01-30), as of 2000-06-26.

{home (http://che.wisc.edu/octave)}.

{(ftp://ftp.che.wisc.edu/pub/octave/)} or your nearest {GNU
archive site}.

E-mail: .

(2000-06-27)

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