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monk    音標拼音: [m'ʌŋk]
n. 修道士,僧侶,和尚

修道士,僧侶,和尚

monk
n 1: a male religious living in a cloister and devoting himself
to contemplation and prayer and work [synonym: {monk},
{monastic}]
2: United States jazz pianist who was one of the founders of the
bebop style (1917-1982) [synonym: {Monk}, {Thelonious Monk},
{Thelonious Sphere Monk}]

Monk \Monk\, n. [AS. munuc, munec, munc, L. monachus, Gr. ?, fr.
mo`nos alone. Cf. {Monachism}.]
1. A man who retires from the ordinary temporal concerns of
the world, and devotes himself to religion; one of a
religious community of men inhabiting a monastery, and
bound by vows to a life of chastity, obedience, and
poverty. "A monk out of his cloister." --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Monks in some respects agree with regulars, as in
the substantial vows of religion; but in other
respects monks and regulars differ; for that
regulars, vows excepted, are not tied up to so
strict a rule of life as monks are. --Ayliffe.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Print.) A blotch or spot of ink on a printed page, caused
by the ink not being properly distributed. It is
distinguished from a friar, or white spot caused by a
deficiency of ink.
[1913 Webster]

3. A piece of tinder made of agaric, used in firing the
powder hose or train of a mine.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Zool.)
(a) A South American monkey ({Pithecia monachus}); also
applied to other species, as {Cebus xanthocephalus}.
(b) The European bullfinch.
[1913 Webster]

{Monk bat} (Zool.), a South American and West Indian bat
({Molossus nasutus}); -- so called because the males live
in communities by themselves.

{Monk bird}(Zool.), the friar bird.

{Monk seal} (Zool.), a species of seal ({Monachus
albiventer}) inhabiting the Black Sea, the Mediterranean
Sea, and the adjacent parts of the Atlantic.

{Monk's rhubarb} (Bot.), a kind of dock; -- also called
{patience} ({Rumex Patientia}).
[1913 Webster]

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