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method    音標拼音: [m'ɛθəd]
n. 方法,方式,教學法;條理,順序,秩序,規律;分類法

方法,方式,教學法;條理,順序,秩序,規律;分類法

method
方法

method
方法 法

method
n 1: a way of doing something, especially a systematic way;
implies an orderly logical arrangement (usually in steps)
2: an acting technique introduced by Stanislavsky in which the
actor recalls emotions or reactions from his or her own life
and uses them to identify with the character being portrayed
[synonym: {method acting}, {method}]

Method \Meth"od\, n. [F. m['e]thode, L. methodus, fr. Gr.
meqodos method, investigation following after; meta` after
"odo`s way.]
1. An orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing
anything; hence, manner; way; mode; as, a method of
teaching languages; a method of improving the mind.
--Addison.
[1913 Webster]

2. Orderly arrangement, elucidation, development, or
classification; clear and lucid exhibition; systematic
arrangement peculiar to an individual.
[1913 Webster]

Though this be madness, yet there's method in it.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

All method is a rational progress, a progress toward
an end. --Sir W.
Hamilton.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Nat. Hist.) Classification; a mode or system of
classifying natural objects according to certain common
characteristics; as, the method of Theophrastus; the
method of Ray; the Linnaean method.
[1913 Webster]

4. A technique used in acting in which the actor tries to
identify with the individual personality of the specific
character being portrayed, so as to provide a realistic
rendering of the character's role. Also called {the
Method}, {method acting}, the Stanislavsky Method or
{Stanislavsky System}.
[PJC]

Syn: Order; system; rule; regularity; way; manner; mode;
course; process; means.

Usage: {Method}, {Mode}, {Manner}. Method implies
arrangement; mode, mere action or existence. Method is
a way of reaching a given end by a series of acts
which tend to secure it; mode relates to a single
action, or to the form which a series of acts, viewed
as a whole, exhibits. Manner is literally the handling
of a thing, and has a wider sense, embracing both
method and mode. An instructor may adopt a good method
of teaching to write; the scholar may acquire a bad
mode of holding his pen; the manner in which he is
corrected will greatly affect his success or failure.
[1913 Webster] Methodic

173 Moby Thesaurus words for "method":
MO, ability, action, actions, activity, acts, address, affectation,
air, algorithm, anality, apple-pie order, approach, arrangement,
art, avenue, behavior, behavior pattern, behavioral norm,
behavioral science, blueprint, blueprinting, calculation, capacity,
capital, carriage, charting, comportment, conception, conduct,
contrivance, course, craft, culture pattern, custom, demeanor,
deportment, design, device, devices, discipline,
disposable resources, disposition, doing, doings, enterprise,
envisagement, fashion, figuring, fine fettle, folkway, foresight,
forethought, form, funds, game, gestures, goings-on,
good condition, good shape, good trim, graphing, ground plan,
guidelines, guise, idea, intention, layout, line, line of action,
lines, lineup, long-range plan, maintien, manner,
manner of working, manners, mapping, master plan, means, mechanics,
mechanism, methodicalness, methodology, methods, mien, mode,
mode of operation, mode of procedure, modus, modus operandi,
modus vivendi, motions, movements, moves, neatness,
observable behavior, operations research, order, orderliness,
organization, pattern, plan, planning, planning function, poise,
port, pose, posture, power, practice, praxis, prearrangement,
presence, procedure, proceeding, process, program,
program of action, rationalization, recourses, regularity, resorts,
resources, road, route, routine, schedule, schema, schematism,
schematization, scheme, scheme of arrangement, science, setup,
skill, social science, stock, strategic plan, strategy, structure,
style, supply, system, systematicness, systematization, tack,
tactical plan, tactics, technic, technical know-how,
technical knowledge, technical skill, technics, technique,
technology, the big picture, the drill, the how, the picture,
the way of, tidiness, tone, trimness, way, way of life, ways,
ways and means, wherewith, wherewithal, wise, working plan,
wrinkle

The name given in {Smalltalk} and other
{object-oriented languages} to a procedure or routine
associated with one or more {classes}. An {object} of a
certain class knows how to perform actions, e.g. printing
itself or creating a new instance of itself, rather than the
function (e.g. printing) knowing how to handle different types
of object.

Different classes may define methods with the same name
(i.e. methods may be {polymorphic}). The term "method" is used
both for a named operation, e.g. "PRINT" and also for the code
which a specific class provides to perform tha
t operation.

Most methods operate on objects that are instances of a
certain class. Some object-oriented languages call these
"object methods" to distinguish then from "{class methods}".

In {Smalltalk}, a method is defined by giving its name,
documentation, temporary local variables and a sequence of
expressions separated by "."s.

(2000-03-22)

METHOD. The mode of operating or the means of attaining an object.
2. It has been questioned whether the method of making a thing can be
patented. But it has been considered that a method or mode may be the
subject of a patent, because, when the object of two patents or effects to
be produced is essentially the same, they may both be valid, if the modes of
attaining the desired effect are essentially different. Dav. Pat. Cas. 290;
2 B. & Ald. 350; 2 H. Bl. 492; 8 T. R. 106; 4 Burr. 2397; Gods. on Pat. 85;
Perpigna, Manuel des Inventeurs, &c., c. 1, sect. 5, Sec. 1, p. 22.

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