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media    音標拼音: [m'idiə]
n. 媒體



媒體 介質

Medium \Me"di*um\, n.; pl. L. {Media}, {E}. {Mediums}. [L.
medium the middle, fr. medius middle. See {Mid}, and cf.
1. That which lies in the middle, or between other things;
intervening body or quantity. Hence, specifically:
(a) Middle place or degree; mean.
[1913 Webster]

The just medium . . . lies between pride and
abjection. --L'Estrange.
[1913 Webster]
(b) (Math.) See {Mean}.
(c) (Logic) The mean or middle term of a syllogism; that
by which the extremes are brought into connection.
[1913 Webster]

2. A substance through which an effect is transmitted from
one thing to another; as, air is the common medium of
sound. Hence: The condition upon which any event or action
occurs; necessary means of motion or action; that through
or by which anything is accomplished, conveyed, or carried
on; specifically, in animal magnetism, spiritualism, etc.,
a person through whom the action of another being is said
to be manifested and transmitted.
[1913 Webster]

Whether any other liquors, being made mediums, cause
a diversity of sound from water, it may be tried.
[1913 Webster]

I must bring together
All these extremes; and must remove all mediums.
[1913 Webster]

3. An average. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

A medium of six years of war, and six years of
peace. --Burke.
[1913 Webster]

4. A trade name for printing and writing paper of certain
sizes. See {Paper}.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Paint.) The liquid vehicle with which dry colors are
ground and prepared for application.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Microbiology) A source of nutrients in which a
microorganism is placed to permit its growth, cause it to
produce substances, or observe its activity under defined
conditions; also called {culture medium} or {growth
medium}. The medium is usually a solution of nutrients in
water, or a similar solution solidified with gelatin or

7. A means of transmission of news, advertising, or other
messages from an information source to the public, also
called a {news medium}, such as a newspaper or radio; used
mostly in the plural form, i. e. {news media} or {media}.
See 1st {media}[2].

{Circulating medium}, a current medium of exchange, whether
coin, bank notes, or government notes.

{Ethereal medium} (Physics), the ether.

{Medium of exchange}, that which is used for effecting an
exchange of commodities -- money or current
representatives of money.
[1913 Webster]

media \me"di*a\ (m[=e]"d[i^]*[.a]), n. sing. & pl.,
1. The latinic plural form of {medium}, sometimes used as a
singular noun with the same meaning as medium; as,
(Computers) place your installation media into the device
which will read it; (Microbiology) the tuberculosis
bacterium will only grow in a special media.
[1913 Webster PJC]

2. The public institutions that report the news, such as
newspapers, magazines, radio, and television,
collectively; the news media; as, the media were obsessed
with Monica Lewinsky for months.

Media \Me"di*a\, n.; pl. {Mediae} (-[=e]). [NL., fr. L. medius
1. (Phonetics) One of the sonant mutes [beta], [delta],
[gamma] (b, d, g), in Greek, or of their equivalents in
other languages, so named as intermediate between the
tenues, [pi], [tau], [kappa] (p, t, k), and the aspiratae
(aspirates) [phi], [theta], [chi] (ph or f, th, ch). Also
called {middle mute}, or {medial}, and sometimes {soft
[1913 Webster]

19 Moby Thesaurus words for "media":
communication engineering, communication explosion,
communication technology, communication theory, communications,
communications engineer, communications industry,
communications medium, communications network,
electrical communication, electronic communication,
electronic communications, information explosion,
information theory, radiocommunication, signaling,
telecommunication, wire communication, wireless communication

1. Any kind of {data} including {graphics}, {images},
{audio} and {video}, though typically excluding {raw text} or
{executable code}.

The term {multimedia} suggests a collection of different types
of media or the ability to handle such collections.

2. The physical object on which {data} is stored, as
opposed to the device used to read and write it.

3. The object at the {physical layer} that
carries data, typically an electrical or optical cable,
though, in a {wireless network}, the term refers to the space
through which radio waves propagate. Most often used in the
context of {Media Access Control} (MAC).


Heb. Madai, which is rendered in the Authorized Version (1)
"Madai," Gen. 10:2; (2) "Medes," 2 Kings 17:6; 18:11; (3)
"Media," Esther 1:3; 10:2; Isa. 21:2; Dan. 8:20; (4) "Mede,"
only in Dan. 11:1.

We first hear of this people in the Assyrian cuneiform
records, under the name of Amada, about B.C. 840. They appear to
have been a branch of the Aryans, who came from the east bank of
the Indus, and were probably the predominant race for a while in
the Mesopotamian valley. They consisted for three or four
centuries of a number of tribes, each ruled by its own chief,
who at length were brought under the Assyrian yoke (2 Kings
17:6). From this subjection they achieved deliverance, and
formed themselves into an empire under Cyaxares (B.C. 633). This
monarch entered into an alliance with the king of Babylon, and
invaded Assyria, capturing and destroying the city of Nineveh
(B.C. 625), thus putting an end to the Assyrian monarchy (Nah.
1:8; 2:5,6; 3:13, 14).

Media now rose to a place of great power, vastly extending its
boundaries. But it did not long exist as an independent kingdom.
It rose with Cyaxares, its first king, and it passed away with
him; for during the reign of his son and successor Astyages, the
Persians waged war against the Medes and conquered them, the two
nations being united under one monarch, Cyrus the Persian (B.C.

The "cities of the Medes" are first mentioned in connection
with the deportation of the Israelites on the destruction of
Samaria (2 Kings 17:6; 18:11). Soon afterwards Isaiah (13:17;
21:2) speaks of the part taken by the Medes in the destruction
of Babylon (comp. Jer. 51:11, 28). Daniel gives an account of
the reign of Darius the Mede, who was made viceroy by Cyrus
(Dan. 6:1-28). The decree of Cyrus, Ezra informs us (6:2-5), was
found in "the palace that is in the province of the Medes,"
Achmetha or Ecbatana of the Greeks, which is the only Median
city mentioned in Scripture.

Media, measure; habit; covering

Media, IL -- U.S. village in Illinois
Population (2000): 130
Housing Units (2000): 59
Land area (2000): 1.698385 sq. miles (4.398797 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.698385 sq. miles (4.398797 sq. km)
FIPS code: 48073
Located within: Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
Location: 40.773075 N, 90.834690 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 61460
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Media, IL

Media, PA -- U.S. borough in Pennsylvania
Population (2000): 5533
Housing Units (2000): 2966
Land area (2000): 0.747800 sq. miles (1.936792 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.006163 sq. miles (0.015962 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.753963 sq. miles (1.952754 sq. km)
FIPS code: 48480
Located within: Pennsylvania (PA), FIPS 42
Location: 39.918761 N, 75.388127 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Media, PA

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