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making    音標拼音: [m'ekɪŋ]
n. 形成,形成的要素,素質

形成,形成的要素,素質

making
掩模製造

making
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making
n 1: the act that results in something coming to be; "the
devising of plans"; "the fashioning of pots and pans"; "the
making of measurements"; "it was already in the making"
[synonym: {devising}, {fashioning}, {making}]
2: an attribute that must be met or complied with and that fits
a person for something; "her qualifications for the job are
excellent"; "one of the qualifications for admission is an
academic degree"; "she has the makings of fine musician"
[synonym: {qualification}, {making}]
3: (usually plural) the components needed for making or doing
something; "the recipe listed all the makings for a chocolate
cake"

make \make\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {made} (m[=a]d); p. pr. & vb.
n. {making}.] [OE. maken, makien, AS. macian; akin to OS.
mak?n, OFries. makia, D. maken, G. machen, OHG. mahh?n to
join, fit, prepare, make, Dan. mage. Cf. {Match} an equal.]
1. To cause to exist; to bring into being; to form; to
produce; to frame; to fashion; to create. Hence, in
various specific uses or applications:
(a) To form of materials; to cause to exist in a certain
form; to construct; to fabricate.
[1913 Webster]

He . . . fashioned it with a graving tool, after
he had made it a molten calf. --Ex. xxxii.
4.
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(b) To produce, as something artificial, unnatural, or
false; -- often with up; as, to make up a story.
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And Art, with her contending, doth aspire
To excel the natural with made delights.
--Spenser.
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(c) To bring about; to bring forward; to be the cause or
agent of; to effect, do, perform, or execute; -- often
used with a noun to form a phrase equivalent to the
simple verb that corresponds to such noun; as, to make
complaint, for to complain; to make record of, for to
record; to make abode, for to abide, etc.
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Call for Samson, that he may make us sport.
--Judg. xvi.
25.
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Wealth maketh many friends. --Prov. xix.
4.
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I will neither plead my age nor sickness in
excuse of the faults which I have made.
--Dryden.
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(d) To execute with the requisite formalities; as, to make
a bill, note, will, deed, etc.
(e) To gain, as the result of one's efforts; to get, as
profit; to make acquisition of; to have accrue or
happen to one; as, to make a large profit; to make an
error; to make a loss; to make money.
[1913 Webster]

He accuseth Neptune unjustly who makes shipwreck
a second time. --Bacon.
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(f) To find, as the result of calculation or computation;
to ascertain by enumeration; to find the number or
amount of, by reckoning, weighing, measurement, and
the like; as, he made the distance of; to travel over;
as, the ship makes ten knots an hour; he made the
distance in one day.
(h) To put in a desired or desirable condition; to cause
to thrive.
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Who makes or ruins with a smile or frown.
--Dryden.
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2. To cause to be or become; to put into a given state verb,
or adjective; to constitute; as, to make known; to make
public; to make fast.
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Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? --Ex.
ii. 14.
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See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh. --Ex. vii.
1.
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Note: When used reflexively with an adjective, the reflexive
pronoun is often omitted; as, to make merry; to make
bold; to make free, etc.
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3. To cause to appear to be; to constitute subjectively; to
esteem, suppose, or represent.
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He is not that goose and ass that Valla would make
him. --Baker.
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4. To require; to constrain; to compel; to force; to cause;
to occasion; -- followed by a noun or pronoun and
infinitive.
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Note: In the active voice the to of the infinitive is usually
omitted.
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I will make them hear my words. --Deut. iv.
10.
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They should be made to rise at their early hour.
--Locke.
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5. To become; to be, or to be capable of being, changed or
fashioned into; to do the part or office of; to furnish
the material for; as, he will make a good musician; sweet
cider makes sour vinegar; wool makes warm clothing.
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And old cloak makes a new jerkin. --Shak.
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6. To compose, as parts, ingredients, or materials; to
constitute; to form; to amount to; as, a pound of ham
makes a hearty meal.
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The heaven, the air, the earth, and boundless sea,
Make but one temple for the Deity. --Waller.
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7. To be engaged or concerned in. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Gomez, what makest thou here, with a whole
brotherhood of city bailiffs? --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

8. To reach; to attain; to arrive at or in sight of. "And
make the Libyan shores." --Dryden.
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They that sail in the middle can make no land of
either side. --Sir T.
Browne.
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{To make a bed}, to prepare a bed for being slept on, or to
put it in order.

{To make a card} (Card Playing), to take a trick with it.

{To make account}. See under {Account}, n.

{To make account of}, to esteem; to regard.

{To make away}.
(a) To put out of the way; to kill; to destroy. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

If a child were crooked or deformed in body or
mind, they made him away. --Burton.
[1913 Webster]
(b) To alienate; to transfer; to make over. [Obs.]
--Waller.

{To make believe}, to pretend; to feign; to simulate.

{To make bold}, to take the liberty; to venture.

{To make the cards} (Card Playing), to shuffle the pack.

{To make choice of}, to take by way of preference; to choose.


{To make danger}, to make experiment. [Obs.] --Beau. & Fl.

{To make default} (Law), to fail to appear or answer.

{To make the doors}, to shut the door. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Make the doors upon a woman's wit, and it will out
at the casement. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

{To make free with}. See under {Free}, a.

{To make good}. See under {Good}.

{To make head}, to make headway.

{To make light of}. See under {Light}, a.

{To make little of}.
(a) To belittle.
(b) To accomplish easily.

{To make love to}. See under {Love}, n.

{To make meat}, to cure meat in the open air. [Colloq.
Western U. S.]

{To make merry}, to feast; to be joyful or jovial.

{To make much of}, to treat with much consideration,,
attention, or fondness; to value highly.

{To make no bones}. See under {Bone}, n.

{To make no difference}, to have no weight or influence; to
be a matter of indifference.

{To make no doubt}, to have no doubt.

{To make no matter}, to have no weight or importance; to make
no difference.

{To make oath} (Law), to swear, as to the truth of something,
in a prescribed form of law.

{To make of}.
(a) To understand or think concerning; as, not to know
what to make of the news.
(b) To pay attention to; to cherish; to esteem; to
account. "Makes she no more of me than of a slave."
--Dryden.

{To make one's law} (Old Law), to adduce proof to clear one's
self of a charge.

{To make out}.
(a) To find out; to discover; to decipher; as, to make out
the meaning of a letter.
(b) to gain sight of; to recognize; to discern; to descry;
as, as they approached the city, he could make out the
tower of the Chrysler Building.
(c) To prove; to establish; as, the plaintiff was unable
to make out his case.
(d) To make complete or exact; as, he was not able to make
out the money.
(d) to write out; to write down; -- used especially of a
bank check or bill; as, he made out a check for the
cost of the dinner; the workman made out a bill and
handed it to him.

{To make over}, to transfer the title of; to convey; to
alienate; as, he made over his estate in trust or in fee.


{To make sail}. (Naut.)
(a) To increase the quantity of sail already extended.
(b) To set sail.

{To make shift}, to manage by expedients; as, they made shift
to do without it. [Colloq.].

{To make sternway}, to move with the stern foremost; to go or
drift backward.

{To make strange}, to act in an unfriendly manner or as if
surprised; to treat as strange; as, to make strange of a
request or suggestion.

{To make suit to}, to endeavor to gain the favor of; to
court.

{To make sure}. See under {Sure}.

{To make up}.
(a) To collect into a sum or mass; as, to make up the
amount of rent; to make up a bundle or package.
(b) To reconcile; to compose; as, to make up a difference
or quarrel.
(c) To supply what is wanting in; to complete; as, a
dollar is wanted to make up the stipulated sum.
(d) To compose, as from ingredients or parts; to shape,
prepare, or fabricate; as, to make up a mass into
pills; to make up a story.
[1913 Webster]

He was all made up of love and charms!
--Addison.
[1913 Webster]
(e) To compensate; to make good; as, to make up a loss.
(f) To adjust, or to arrange for settlement; as, to make
up accounts.
(g) To dress and paint for a part, as an actor; as, he was
well made up.

{To make up a face}, to distort the face as an expression of
pain or derision.

{To make up one's mind}, to reach a mental determination; to
resolve.

{To make way}, or {To make one's way}.
(a) To make progress; to advance.
(b) To open a passage; to clear the way.

{To make words}, to multiply words.
[1913 Webster]


Making \Mak"ing\, n.
1. The act of one who makes; workmanship; fabrication;
construction; as, this is cloth of your own making; the
making of peace or war was in his power.
[1913 Webster]

2. Composition, or structure.
[1913 Webster]

3. a poem. [Obs.] --Sir J. Davies.
[1913 Webster]

4. That which establishes or places in a desirable state or
condition; the material of which something may be made;
as, early misfortune was the making of him.
[1913 Webster]

5. External appearance; from. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

100 Moby Thesaurus words for "making":
accession, acquirement, acquisition, addition, anatomy,
architectonics, architecture, arrangement, assembly, attainment,
batch, build, building, casting, coming by, composition,
conformation, constitution, construction, conversion, crafting,
craftsmanship, creation, cultivation, devising, dragging down,
earnings, elaboration, erection, extraction, fabric, fabrication,
fashion, fashioning, forging, form, format, formation, forming,
formulation, frame, framing, gaining, getting, getting hold of,
getup, growing, handicraft, handiwork, harvesting, lot, machining,
make, makeup, manufacture, manufacturing, milling, mining, mold,
molding, moneygetting, moneygrubbing, moneymaking, obtainment,
obtention, organic structure, organism, organization, pattern,
patterning, physique, plan, prefabrication, preparation,
processing, procural, procurance, procuration, procurement,
producing, production, raising, refining, run, securement, setup,
shape, shaping, smelting, structure, structuring, tectonics,
texture, tissue, trover, warp and woof, weave, web, winning,
workmanship

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