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louse    音標拼音: [l'ɑʊs]
n. 虱子,寄生蟲
v. 捉虱子

蝨子,寄生蟲捉蝨子

louse
n 1: wingless usually flattened bloodsucking insect parasitic on
warm-blooded animals [synonym: {louse}, {sucking louse}]
2: a person who has a nasty or unethical character undeserving
of respect [synonym: {worm}, {louse}, {insect}, {dirt ball}]
3: any of several small insects especially aphids that feed by
sucking the juices from plants [synonym: {plant louse}, {louse}]
4: wingless insect with mouth parts adapted for biting; mostly
parasitic on birds [synonym: {bird louse}, {biting louse},
{louse}]

Louse \Louse\ (lous), n.; pl. {Lice} (l[imac]s). [OE. lous, AS.
l[=u]s, pl. l[=y]s; akin to D. luis, G. laus, OHG. l[=u]s,
Icel. l[=u]s, Sw. lus, Dan. luus; perh. so named because it
is destructive, and akin to E. lose, loose.] (Zool.)
1. Any one of numerous species of small, wingless, suctorial,
parasitic insects belonging to a tribe ({Pediculina}), now
usually regarded as degraded Hemiptera. To this group
belong of the lice of man and other mammals; as, the head
louse of man ({Pediculus capitis}), the body louse
({Pediculus vestimenti}), and the crab louse ({Phthirius
pubis}), and many others. See {Crab louse}, {Dog louse},
{Cattle louse}, etc., under {Crab}, {Dog}, etc.
[1913 Webster]

2. Any one of numerous small mandibulate insects, mostly
parasitic on birds, and feeding on the feathers. They are
known as Mallophaga, or bird lice, though some occur on
the hair of mammals. They are usually regarded as degraded
Pseudoneuroptera. See {Mallophaga}.
[1913 Webster]

3. Any one of the numerous species of aphids, or plant lice.
See {Aphid}.
[1913 Webster]

4. Any small crustacean parasitic on fishes. See
{Branchiura}, and {Ichthvophthira}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The term is also applied to various other parasites;
as, the whale louse, beelouse, horse louse.
[1913 Webster]

{Louse fly} (Zool.), a parasitic dipterous insect of the
group Pupipara. Some of them are wingless, as the bee
louse.

{Louse mite} (Zool.), any one of numerous species of mites
which infest mammals and birds, clinging to the hair and
feathers like lice. They belong to {Myobia},
{Dermaleichus}, {Mycoptes}, and several other genera.
[1913 Webster]


Louse \Louse\ (louz), v. t.
To clean from lice. "You sat and loused him." --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

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