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lose    音標拼音: [l'uz]
vt.
失,丟失,喪失;迷路;輸去,負;錯過;失蹤,死去,使喪失
vi. 受損失,賠錢

失,丟失,喪失;迷路;輸去,負;錯過;失蹤,死去,使喪失受損失,賠錢

lose
v 1: fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have, either
physically or in an abstract sense; "She lost her purse
when she left it unattended on her seat" [ant: {hold on},
{keep}]
2: fail to win; "We lost the battle but we won the war" [ant:
{win}]
3: suffer the loss of a person through death or removal; "She
lost her husband in the war"; "The couple that wanted to
adopt the child lost her when the biological parents claimed
her"
4: place (something) where one cannot find it again; "I
misplaced my eyeglasses" [synonym: {misplace}, {mislay}, {lose}]
5: miss from one's possessions; lose sight of; "I've lost my
glasses again!" [ant: {find}, {regain}]
6: allow to go out of sight; "The detective lost the man he was
shadowing after he had to stop at a red light"
7: fail to make money in a business; make a loss or fail to
profit; "I lost thousands of dollars on that bad
investment!"; "The company turned a loss after the first
year" [synonym: {lose}, {turn a loss}] [ant: {break even},
{profit}, {turn a profit}]
8: fail to get or obtain; "I lost the opportunity to spend a
year abroad" [ant: {acquire}, {gain}, {win}]
9: retreat [synonym: {fall back}, {lose}, {drop off}, {fall behind},
{recede}] [ant: {advance}, {gain}, {gain ground}, {get
ahead}, {make headway}, {pull ahead}, {win}]
10: fail to perceive or to catch with the senses or the mind; "I
missed that remark"; "She missed his point"; "We lost part
of what he said" [synonym: {miss}, {lose}]
11: be set at a disadvantage; "This author really suffers in
translation" [synonym: {suffer}, {lose}]

Lose \Lose\ (l[=oo]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lost} (l[o^]st; 115)
p. pr. & vb. n. {Losing} (l[=oo]z"[i^]ng).] [OE. losien to
loose, be lost, lose, AS. losian to become loose; akin to OE.
leosen to lose, p. p. loren, lorn, AS. le['i]san, p. p. loren
(in comp.), D. verliezen, G. verlieren, Dan. forlise, Sw.
f["o]rlisa, f["o]rlora, Goth. fraliusan, also to E. loose, a
& v., L. luere to loose, Gr. ly`ein, Skr. l[=u] to cut.
[root]127. Cf. {Analysis}, {Palsy}, {Solve}, {Forlorn},
{Leasing}, {Loose}, {Loss}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. To part with unintentionally or unwillingly, as by
accident, misfortune, negligence, penalty, forfeit, etc.;
to be deprived of; as, to lose money from one's purse or
pocket, or in business or gaming; to lose an arm or a leg
by amputation; to lose men in battle.
[1913 Webster]

Fair Venus wept the sad disaster
Of having lost her favorite dove. --Prior.
[1913 Webster]

2. To cease to have; to possess no longer; to suffer
diminution of; as, to lose one's relish for anything; to
lose one's health.
[1913 Webster]

If the salt hath lost his savor, wherewith shall it
be salted? --Matt. v. 13.
[1913 Webster]

3. Not to employ; to employ ineffectually; to throw away; to
waste; to squander; as, to lose a day; to lose the
benefits of instruction.
[1913 Webster]

The unhappy have but hours, and these they lose.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. To wander from; to miss, so as not to be able to and; to
go astray from; as, to lose one's way.
[1913 Webster]

He hath lost his fellows. --Shak
[1913 Webster]

5. To ruin; to destroy; as destroy; as, the ship was lost on
the ledge.
[1913 Webster]

The woman that deliberates is lost. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]

6. To be deprived of the view of; to cease to see or know the
whereabouts of; as, he lost his companion in the crowd.
[1913 Webster]

Like following life thro' creatures you dissect,
You lose it in the moment you detect. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

7. To fail to obtain or enjoy; to fail to gain or win; hence,
to fail to catch with the mind or senses; to miss; as, I
lost a part of what he said.
[1913 Webster]

He shall in no wise lose his reward. --Matt. x. 42.
[1913 Webster]

I fought the battle bravely which I lost,
And lost it but to Macedonians. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

8. To cause to part with; to deprive of. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

How should you go about to lose him a wife he loves
with so much passion? --Sir W.
Temple.
[1913 Webster]

9. To prevent from gaining or obtaining.
[1913 Webster]

O false heart! thou hadst almost betrayed me to
eternal flames, and lost me this glory. --Baxter.
[1913 Webster]

{To lose ground}, to fall behind; to suffer gradual loss or
disadvantage.

{To lose heart}, to lose courage; to become timid. "The
mutineers lost heart." --Macaulay.

{To lose one's head}, to be thrown off one's balance; to lose
the use of one's good sense or judgment, through fear,
anger, or other emotion.
[1913 Webster]

In the excitement of such a discovery, many scholars
lost their heads. --Whitney.

{To lose one's self}.
(a) To forget or mistake the bearing of surrounding
objects; as, to lose one's self in a great city.
(b) To have the perceptive and rational power temporarily
suspended; as, we lose ourselves in sleep.

{To lose sight of}.
(a) To cease to see; as, to lose sight of the land.
(b) To overlook; to forget; to fail to perceive; as, he
lost sight of the issue.
[1913 Webster]


Lose \Lose\, v. i.
To suffer loss, disadvantage, or defeat; to be worse off,
esp. as the result of any kind of contest.
[1913 Webster]

We 'll . . . hear poor rogues
Talk of court news; and we'll talk with them too,
Who loses and who wins; who's in, who's out. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

80 Moby Thesaurus words for "lose":
be bereaved of, be found wanting, be unsuccessful, bereave,
bite the dust, bow, bow to, capitulate, clear, come to grief,
consume, decline, default, disinherit, displace, dispossess,
dissipate, divest, draw a blank, drop, elude, escape, evade,
exhaust, expend, fail, fail of success, fall, flunk, flunk out,
forfeit, forget, fritter away, give the slip, give up,
go astray from, go bankrupt, go down, go under, have enough,
incur loss, kiss good-bye, labor in vain, let slip, lick the dust,
lose out, lose sight of, lose the day, mislay, misplace, miss,
not come off, not pass, not remember, not work, oust, part with,
relinquish, rid, rob, sacrifice, say uncle, shake off, slip, spend,
spill, squander, succumb, suffer loss, surrender, take the count,
throw off, trifle away, tumble, unburden, undergo privation,
use up, wander from, waste, yield

({MIT}) 1. To fail. A program loses when it
encounters an exceptional condition or fails to work in the
expected manner.

2. To be exceptionally unesthetic or crocky.

3. Of people, to be obnoxious or unusually stupid (as opposed
to ignorant).

4. Refers to something that is {losing}, especially in the
phrases "That's a lose!" and "What a lose!"

[{Jargon File}]

(1995-04-19)



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