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long    音標拼音: [l'ɔŋ]
a. 長的,長久的,冗長的,做多頭的
vi. 渴望,熱望,極想
ad. 長久



adv 1: for an extended time or at a distant time; "a promotion
long overdue"; "something long hoped for"; "his name has
long been forgotten"; "talked all night long"; "how long
will you be gone?"; "arrived long before he was
expected"; "it is long after your bedtime"
2: for an extended distance
adj 1: primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a
relatively great or greater than average duration or
passage of time or a duration as specified; "a long
life"; "a long boring speech"; "a long time"; "a long
friendship"; "a long game"; "long ago"; "an hour long"
[ant: {short}]
2: primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than
average spatial extension or extension as specified; "a long
road"; "a long distance"; "contained many long words"; "ten
miles long" [ant: {short}]
3: of relatively great height; "a race of long gaunt men"-
Sherwood Anderson; "looked out the long French windows"
4: good at remembering; "a retentive mind"; "tenacious memory"
[synonym: {retentive}, {recollective}, {long}, {tenacious}] [ant:
{forgetful}, {short}, {unretentive}]
5: holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in
prices; "is long on coffee"; "a long position in gold" [ant:
6: (of speech sounds or syllables) of relatively long duration;
"the English vowel sounds in `bate', `beat', `bite', `boat',
`boot' are long" [ant: {short}]
7: involving substantial risk; "long odds"
8: planning prudently for the future; "large goals that required
farsighted policies"; "took a long view of the geopolitical
issues" [synonym: {farseeing}, {farsighted}, {foresighted},
{foresightful}, {prospicient}, {long}, {longsighted}]
9: having or being more than normal or necessary:"long on
brains"; "in long supply"
v 1: desire strongly or persistently [synonym: {hanker}, {long},

Long \Long\, a. [Compar. {Longer}; superl. {Longest}.] [AS.
long, lang; akin to OS, OFries., D., & G. lang, Icel. langr,
Sw. l[*a]ng, Dan. lang, Goth. laggs, L. longus. [root]125.
Cf. {Length}, {Ling} a fish, {Linger}, {Lunge}, {Purloin}.]
1. Drawn out in a line, or in the direction of length;
protracted; extended; as, a long line; -- opposed to
short, and distinguished from broad or wide.
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2. Drawn out or extended in time; continued through a
considerable tine, or to a great length; as, a long series
of events; a long debate; a long drama; a long history; a
long book.
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3. Slow in passing; causing weariness by length or duration;
lingering; as, long hours of watching.
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4. Occurring or coming after an extended interval; distant in
time; far away.
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The we may us reserve both fresh and strong
Against the tournament, which is not long.
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5. Having a length of the specified measure; of a specified
length; as, a span long; a yard long; a mile long, that
is, extended to the measure of a mile, etc.
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6. Far-reaching; extensive. " Long views." --Burke.
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7. (Phonetics) Prolonged, or relatively more prolonged, in
utterance; -- said of vowels and syllables. See {Short},
a., 13, and Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 22, 30.
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8. (Finance & Com.) Having a supply of stocks or goods;
prepared for, or depending for a profit upon, advance in
prices; as, long of cotton. Hence, the phrases: to be, or
go, long of the market, to be on the long side of the
market, to hold products or securities for a rise in
price, esp. when bought on a margin. Contrasted to
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Note: Long is used as a prefix in a large number of compound
adjectives which are mostly of obvious meaning; as,
long-armed, long-beaked, long-haired, long-horned,
long-necked, long-sleeved, long-tailed, long- worded,
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{In the long run}, in the whole course of things taken
together; in the ultimate result; eventually.

{Long clam} (Zool.), the common clam ({Mya arenaria}) of the
Northern United States and Canada; -- called also
{soft-shell clam} and {long-neck clam}. See {Mya}.

{Long cloth}, a kind of cotton cloth of superior quality.

{Long clothes}, clothes worn by a young infant, extending
below the feet.

{Long division}. (Math.) See {Division}.

{Long dozen}, one more than a dozen; thirteen.

{Long home}, the grave.

{Long measure}, {Long meter}. See under {Measure}, {Meter}.

{Long Parliament} (Eng. Hist.), the Parliament which
assembled Nov. 3, 1640, and was dissolved by Cromwell,
April 20, 1653.

{Long price}, the full retail price.

{Long purple} (Bot.), a plant with purple flowers, supposed
to be the {Orchis mascula}. --Dr. Prior.

{Long suit}
(a) (Whist), a suit of which one holds originally more
than three cards. --R. A. Proctor.
(b) One's most important resource or source of strength;
as, as an entertainer, her voice was her long suit.

{Long tom}.
(a) A pivot gun of great length and range, on the dock of
a vessel.
(b) A long trough for washing auriferous earth. [Western
(c) (Zool.) The long-tailed titmouse.

{Long wall} (Coal Mining), a working in which the whole seam
is removed and the roof allowed to fall in, as the work
progresses, except where passages are needed.

{Of long}, a long time. [Obs.] --Fairfax.

{To be long of the market}, or {To go long of the market},
{To be on the long side of the market}, etc. (Stock
Exchange), to hold stock for a rise in price, or to have a
contract under which one can demand stock on or before a
certain day at a stipulated price; -- opposed to {short}
in such phrases as, to be short of stock, to sell short,
etc. [Cant] See {Short}.

{To have a long head}, to have a farseeing or sagacious mind.
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Long \Long\, adv. [AS. lance.]
1. To a great extent in space; as, a long drawn out line.
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2. To a great extent in time; during a long time.
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They that tarry long at the wine. --Prov. xxiii.
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When the trumpet soundeth long. --Ex. xix. 13.
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3. At a point of duration far distant, either prior or
posterior; as, not long before; not long after; long
before the foundation of Rome; long after the Conquest.
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4. Through the whole extent or duration.
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The bird of dawning singeth all night long. --Shak.
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5. Through an extent of time, more or less; -- only in
question; as, how long will you be gone?
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Long \Long\, n.
1. (Mus.) A note formerly used in music, one half the length
of a large, twice that of a breve.
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2. (Phonetics) A long sound, syllable, or vowel.
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3. The longest dimension; the greatest extent; -- in the
phrase, the long and the short of it, that is, the sum and
substance of it. --Addison.
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Long \Long\, prep. [Abbreviated fr. along. See 3d {Along}.]
By means of; by the fault of; because of. [Obs.] See {Along
of}, under 3d {Along}.
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Long \Long\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Longed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Longing}.] [AS. langian to increase, to lengthen, to stretch
out the mind after, to long, to crave, to belong to, fr. lang
long. See {Long}, a.]
1. To feel a strong or morbid desire or craving; to wish for
something with eagerness; -- followed by an infinitive, or
by for or after.
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I long to see you. --Rom. i. 11.
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I have longed after thy precepts. --Ps. cxix.
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I have longed for thy salvation. --Ps. cxix.
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Nicomedes, longing for herrings, was supplied with
fresh ones . . . at a great distance from the sea.
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2. To belong; -- used with to, unto, or for. [Obs.]
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The labor which that longeth unto me. --Chaucer.
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159 Moby Thesaurus words for "long":
a mile long, ache, ache for, ache to, aeon, age, ages, aim,
and night, aspire, be dying for, be dying to, be hurting for, big,
blue moon, bull, bull account, burn to, century, choose to,
clamor for, colossal, covet, crave, cry for, day after day,
de longue haleine, dearly love to, desire, diffuse, diffusive,
dragging, drawn-out, dream, dream of, elongate, elongated, endless,
enduringly, eternity, extended, extensive, fancy, far-flung,
far-reaching, fargoing, filled out, flatulent, for an age,
for life, for long, gangling, gangly, gape for, giant, gigantic,
great, hanker, hone for, hope for, hour after hour, hunger,
interminable, interminably, itch, itch for, itch to, languish for,
languishing, lank, lanky, large, lasting, leggy, lengthened,
lengthy, like to, lingering, long account, long ago, long for,
long interest, long side, long since, long time, long to,
long while, long-continuing, long-drawn, long-drawn-out,
long-legged, long-pending, long-spun, long-winded, longiloquent,
longish, longs, longsome, love to, lust, lust for, marathon, miss,
month after month, month of Sundays, morning, no end of, noon, out,
outstretched, overlong, padded, pant for, persistently, pine,
pine for, prolix, prolonged, protracted, protractedly, rangy,
right smart spell, sesquipedal, sesquipedalian, sigh, sigh for,
since time began, spoil for, spun-out, statuesque, stretched-out,
sustained, talkative, tall, the livelong day, thirst, thirst for,
till doomsday, time immemorial, undyingly, unendingly, unrelenting,
verbose, want, want to, weary for, windy, wish, wish for, wish to,
without end, wordy, year after year, yearn, yearn for, years,
years on end, yen, yen for




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