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lie    音標拼音: [l'ɑɪ]
vi. 說謊;造成錯覺,欺騙
vt. 用謊騙使得…,謊騙;用謊言毀損
n. 謊話,謊言

說謊;造成錯覺,欺騙用謊騙使得…,謊騙;用謊言毀損謊話,謊言

lie
n 1: a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth [synonym:
{lie}, {prevarication}]
2: Norwegian diplomat who was the first Secretary General of the
United Nations (1896-1968) [synonym: {Lie}, {Trygve Lie}, {Trygve
Halvden Lie}]
3: position or manner in which something is situated
v 1: be located or situated somewhere; occupy a certain position
2: be lying, be prostrate; be in a horizontal position; "The
sick man lay in bed all day"; "the books are lying on the
shelf" [ant: {sit}, {sit down}, {stand}, {stand up}]
3: originate (in); "The problems dwell in the social injustices
in this country" [synonym: {dwell}, {consist}, {lie}, {lie in}]
4: be and remain in a particular state or condition; "lie
dormant"
5: tell an untruth; pretend with intent to deceive; "Don't lie
to your parents"; "She lied when she told me she was only 29"
6: have a place in relation to something else; "The fate of
Bosnia lies in the hands of the West"; "The responsibility
rests with the Allies" [synonym: {lie}, {rest}]
7: assume a reclining position; "lie down on the bed until you
feel better" [synonym: {lie down}, {lie}] [ant: {arise}, {get
up}, {rise}, {stand up}, {uprise}]

Lie \Lie\ (l[imac]), n.
See {Lye}.
[1913 Webster]


Lie \Lie\ (l[imac]), n. [AS. lyge; akin to D. leugen, OHG. lugi,
G. l["u]ge, lug, Icel. lygi, Dan. & Sw. l["o]gn, Goth. liugn.
See {Lie} to utter a falsehood.]
1. A falsehood uttered or acted for the purpose of deception;
an intentional violation of truth; an untruth spoken with
the intention to deceive.
[1913 Webster]

The proper notion of a lie is an endeavoring to
deceive another by signifying that to him as true,
which we ourselves think not to be so. --S. Clarke.
[1913 Webster]

It is willful deceit that makes a lie. A man may act
a lie, as by pointing his finger in a wrong
direction when a traveler inquires of him his road.
--Paley.
[1913 Webster]

2. A fiction; a fable; an untruth. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

3. Anything which misleads or disappoints.
[1913 Webster]

Wishing this lie of life was o'er. --Trench.
[1913 Webster]

{To give the lie to}.
(a) To charge with falsehood; as, the man gave him the
lie.
(b) To reveal to be false; as, a man's actions may give
the lie to his words.

{White lie}, a euphemism for such lies as one finds it
convenient to tell, and excuses himself for telling.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Untruth; falsehood; fiction; deception.

Usage: {Lie}, {Untruth}. A man may state what is untrue from
ignorance or misconception; hence, to impute an
untruth to one is not necessarily the same as charging
him with a lie. Every lie is an untruth, but not every
untruth is a lie. Cf. {Falsity}.
[1913 Webster]


Lie \Lie\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Lied} (l[imac]d); p. pr. & vb.
n. {Lying} (l[imac]"[i^]ng).] [OE. lien, li[yogh]en,
le[yogh]en, leo[yogh]en, AS. le['o]gan; akin to D. liegen,
OS. & OHG. liogan, G. l["u]gen, Icel. lj[=u]ga, Sw. ljuga,
Dan. lyve, Goth. liugan, Russ. lgate.]
To utter falsehood with an intention to deceive; to say or do
that which is intended to deceive another, when he a right to
know the truth, or when morality requires a just
representation.
[1913 Webster]


Lie \Lie\, v. i. [imp. {Lay} (l[=a]); p. p. {Lain} (l[=a]n),
({Lien} (l[imac]"[e^]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Lying}.]
[OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen,
licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth.
ligan, Russ. lejate, L. lectus bed, Gr. le`chos bed,
le`xasqai to lie. Cf. {Lair}, {Law}, {Lay}, v. t., {Litter},
{Low}, adj.]
1. To rest extended on the ground, a bed, or any support; to
be, or to put one's self, in an horizontal position, or
nearly so; to be prostate; to be stretched out; -- often
with down, when predicated of living creatures; as, the
book lies on the table; the snow lies on the roof; he lies
in his coffin.
[1913 Webster]

The watchful traveler . . .
Lay down again, and closed his weary eyes. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. To be situated; to occupy a certain place; as, Ireland
lies west of England; the meadows lie along the river; the
ship lay in port.
[1913 Webster]

3. To abide; to remain for a longer or shorter time; to be in
a certain state or condition; as, to lie waste; to lie
fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie grieving; to lie
under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of the waves;
the paper does not lie smooth on the wall.
[1913 Webster]

4. To be or exist; to belong or pertain; to have an abiding
place; to consist; -- with in.
[1913 Webster]

Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though
unequal in circumstances. --Collier.
[1913 Webster]

He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard
labor, forgets the early rising and hard riding of
huntsmen. --Locke.
[1913 Webster]

5. To lodge; to sleep.
[1913 Webster]

Whiles I was now trifling at home, I saw London, . .
. where I lay one night only. --Evelyn.
[1913 Webster]

Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night. --Dickens.
[1913 Webster]

6. To be still or quiet, like one lying down to rest.
[1913 Webster]

The wind is loud and will not lie. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Law) To be sustainable; to be capable of being
maintained. "An appeal lies in this case." --Parsons.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Through ignorance or carelessness speakers and writers
often confuse the forms of the two distinct verbs lay
and lie. Lay is a transitive verb, and has for its
preterit laid; as, he told me to lay it down, and I
laid it down. Lie is intransitive, and has for its
preterit lay; as, he told me to lie down, and I lay
down. Some persons blunder by using laid for the
preterit of lie; as, he told me to lie down, and I laid
down. So persons often say incorrectly, the ship laid
at anchor; they laid by during the storm; the book was
laying on the shelf, etc. It is only necessary to
remember, in all such cases, that laid is the preterit
of lay, and not of lie.
[1913 Webster]

{To lie along the shore} (Naut.), to coast, keeping land in
sight.

{To lie at the door of}, to be imputable to; as, the sin,
blame, etc., lies at your door.

{To lie at the heart}, to be an object of affection, desire,
or anxiety. --Sir W. Temple.

{To lie at the mercy of}, to be in the power of.

{To lie by}.
(a) To remain with; to be at hand; as, he has the
manuscript lying by him.
(b) To rest; to intermit labor; as, we lay by during the
heat of the day.

{To lie hard} or {To lie heavy}, to press or weigh; to bear
hard.

{To lie in}, to be in childbed; to bring forth young.

{To lie in one}, to be in the power of; to belong to. "As
much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men." --Rom.
xii. 18.

{To lie in the way}, to be an obstacle or impediment.

{To lie in wait}, to wait in concealment; to lie in ambush.


{To lie on} or {To lie upon}.
(a) To depend on; as, his life lies on the result.
(b) To bear, rest, press, or weigh on.

{To lie low}, to remain in concealment or inactive. [Slang]


{To lie on hand},

{To lie on one's hands}, to remain unsold or unused; as, the
goods are still lying on his hands; they have too much
time lying on their hands.

{To lie on the head of}, to be imputed to.
[1913 Webster]

What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it
lie on my head. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

{To lie over}.
(a) To remain unpaid after the time when payment is due,
as a note in bank.
(b) To be deferred to some future occasion, as a
resolution in a public deliberative body.

{To lie to} (Naut.), to stop or delay; especially, to head as
near the wind as possible as being the position of
greatest safety in a gale; -- said of a ship. Cf. {To
bring to}, under {Bring}.

{To lie under}, to be subject to; to suffer; to be oppressed
by.

{To lie with}.
(a) To lodge or sleep with.
(b) To have sexual intercourse with.
(c) To belong to; as, it lies with you to make amends.
[1913 Webster]


Lie \Lie\ (l[imac]), n.
The position or way in which anything lies; the lay, as of
land or country. --J. H. Newman.
[1913 Webster]

He surveyed with his own eyes . . . the lie of the
country on the side towards Thrace. --Jowett
(Thucyd.).
[1913 Webster] Lieberkuhn


Lye \Lye\, n. [Written also {lie} and {ley}.] [AS. le['a]h; akin
to D. loog, OHG. louga, G. lauge; cf. Icel. laug a bath, a
hot spring.]
1. A strong caustic alkaline solution of potassium salts,
obtained by leaching wood ashes. It is much used in making
soap, etc.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) Sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, or a
concentrated aqueous solution of either compound.
[PJC]

167 Moby Thesaurus words for "lie":
aim, aspect, attitude, azimuth, be found, be located, be met with,
be present, be situated, be there, be untruthful, bearing,
bearings, beguile, bent, blague, bouncer, canard, carry,
celestial navigation, cheat, cock-and-bull story, course, cover,
crawl, current, dead reckoning, deceitfulness, deceive, delude,
direction, direction line, dishonesty, distort, distortion,
draw the longbow, drift, dwell in, encompass, environ, equivocate,
evade, exaggerate, exaggeration, exist, exposure, extend, fable,
fairy tale, falsehood, falsification, falsify, falsity,
farfetched story, farrago, fib, fiction, fish story, fix, flam,
flimflam, forgery, fraudulence, frontage, ghost story, go, go out,
grovel, half-truth, heading, helmsmanship, hold, inaccuracy,
inclination, indwell, inhere, inveracity, lay, legal fiction,
libel, lie athwart, lie down, lie flat, lie flatly, lie in,
lie limply, lie prone, lie prostrate, line, line of direction,
line of march, line of position, little white lie, loll, lounge,
mendacity, misguide, misinform, misinstruct, mislead,
misrepresentation, misstate, misstatement, myth, navigation, occur,
orientation, palter, perjury, pilotage, piloting, pious fiction,
point, position, position line, prevaricate, prevarication,
quarter, radio bearing, range, reach, reach out, recline, remain,
repose, reside, rest, ride, ride at anchor, ride easy,
ride hawse full, run, set, shift, shift about, slight stretching,
song and dance, span, speak falsely, sprawl, spread, stand,
steerage, steering, story, straddle, stretch, stretch out,
stretch the truth, surround, sweep, take in, tale, tall story,
tall tale, taradiddle, tell a lie, tendency, tenor, thrust out,
track, trend, trumped-up story, untruth, way, white lie, yarn

A {symbolic mathematics} package aimed at {Lie groups}.

["LiE, a Package for Lie Group Computations", M.A.A. van
Leeuwen et al, in Computer Algebra Nederland, 1992 (ISBN
90-741160-02-7)].

(1994-10-20)



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