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infinitive    音標拼音: [ɪnf'ɪnɪtɪv]
n. 不定詞
a. 不定詞的

不定詞不定詞的

infinitive
n 1: the uninflected form of the verb

Infinitive \In*fin"i*tive\, n. [L. infinitivus: cf. F.
infinitif. See {Infinite}.]
Unlimited; not bounded or restricted; undefined.
[1913 Webster]

{Infinitive mood} (Gram.), that form of the verb which merely
names the action, and performs the office of a verbal
noun. Some grammarians make two forms in English: ({a})
The simple form, as, speak, go, hear, before which to is
commonly placed, as, to speak; to go; to hear. ({b}) The
form of the imperfect participle, called the infinitive in
-ing; as, going is as easy as standing.
[1913 Webster]

Note: With the auxiliary verbs may, can, must, might, could,
would, and should, the simple infinitive is expressed
without to; as, you may speak; they must hear, etc. The
infinitive usually omits to with the verbs let, dare,
do, bid, make, see, hear, need, etc.; as, let me go;
you dare not tell; make him work; hear him talk, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In Anglo-Saxon, the simple infinitive was not preceded
by to (the sign of modern simple infinitive), but it
had a dative form (sometimes called the gerundial
infinitive) which was preceded by to, and was chiefly
employed in expressing purpose. See {Gerund}, 2.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The gerundial ending (-anne) not only took the same
form as the simple infinitive (-an), but it was
confounded with the present participle in -ende, or
-inde (later -inge).
[1913 Webster]


Infinitive \In*fin"i*tive\, n. (Gram.)
An infinitive form of the verb; a verb in the infinitive
mood; the infinitive mood.
[1913 Webster]


Infinitive \In*fin"i*tive\, adv. (Gram.)
In the manner of an infinitive mood.
[1913 Webster]

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